y

y1   Morph: y. variant of the article iʔ occasionally occurring before words that begin with vowels.

-y2   Morph: -y. plural transitive imperative form. Category: Inflectional affix.

ya   Morph: ya. variant of iʔ before syllabic resonants (but not l "locative"), and before the aspect marker c- and kɬ- "have".

yakʷʔ   Morph: yákʷaʔ. root with meaning "stingy" on which several stems are formed. Category: Root. See: yaʔyáʔkʷaʔ; sy̓ay̓ákʷaʔ; yaʔkʷmí(n); y̓ay̓ákʷaʔ. Sp y̓ey̓úkʷ-eʔ he's stingy; Cm yw̓-yw̓kʷ-ul be stingy; Cr duʔ+duʔkʷ+úl avaricious.

yak̓ʷmtíkn̓   Morph: yak̓ʷmtíkn̓. yak̓ʷmtíkn̓: a Nespelem Indian well known as "Ninemile Charley.” His wife, x̌asxnmálqs, Collette, was Sanpoil. Category: Man's name.

yalq   Morph: yalq. to lift a flap. Category: Confirm.

yalt   Morph: yal+t. to run away (as when scared); to get away, escape, run. Cm ylam to run (pl); Cr dul̕ run (...away).

yalw   Morph: yalw. to be round. Sh √yel, yal be wound around. Category: Confirm.

yal̕m   Morph: yal̕+m. to wage war. See Sp hec yúli they're yelling "rah rah rah". They're encouraging each other. They're congratulating themselves on winning the game; Cr dul sing (...warsong).

yal̕wánk   Morph: yal̕wánk. Cricket. Category: Man's name. See: syal̕wánk.

yamáwt   Morph: yamáwt ? yamáwt. Category: Man's name.

yámx̌ʷaʔ   Morph: yámx̌ʷaʔ. cedar bark basket. Cm yámx̌ʷaʔ cedar basket; Cr yámx̌ʷeʔ corn husk hat (used also for picking berries).

yáqmaʔ   Morph: yáqmaʔ. yáqmaʔ: Yakima; Ellensburg. Category: Place name. Sp √yiʔáqmeʔ Yakima, Yakima Indian; Cm s‑ya‑ʔ‑aq‑m‑aʔ‑əxʷ Kittitas and Yakima Valley Indians; Cr yaʔáqmeʔ Yakima.

yaqʷ   Morph: yaqʷ. ? Category: Confirm.

yáq̓ʷiʔ   Morph: yáq̓ʷiʔ. rotten wood (also used for smoking hides). Sp yóq̓ʷiʔ (yoq̓ʷey) general term for decayed wood; Cr doq̓ʷ wood (...is rotten); Sh yʔuq̓ʷ rotting, rotten.

yaq̓ʷmáx̌n   Morph: yaq̓ʷ+máx̌n. yaq̓ʷmáx̌n. Category: Man's name.

yarkn   Morph: yarkn. salmonberry. Category: Plant name. Sp yeéčn̓ squaw currant.

yarkn̓   Morph: yarkn̓. squaw currant (berries) (ribes cereum); Coyote berries. Category: Plant name. Category: Confirm. Ques: k or q ?

yark̓ʷ   Morph: yark̓ʷ. to be crooked or curvy; to make a loop. Sp yerk̓ʷ (yalk̓ʷ) bent, crooked; Cr yark̓ʷ crooked, curved; Sh yelk̓ʷ, ylok̓ʷ curve, coil, hollow; Th √zeyək̓ʷ surround hole; √zələk̓ʷ curl / coil.

yar̓   Morph: yar̓. to be coiled. Sp yir(é) (yal(é)) (Ka) round; č-yr̓ér̓ it became entwined around something; Cm yər be round, spherical; Cr dar curved objects stand with concave surface up; Sh √yel, yal be wound around; Th /zəl̕-t-és make s.t. round, circular, or in a circle; Li √zəl to turn.

yar̓qn   Morph: yar̓qn. squaw currant (berries) (ribes cereum); Coyote berries. Category: Plant name. Category: Confirm. Ques: k or q ?

yár̓wyaʔ   Morph: yár̓wyaʔ. great-great-great-grandparent; great-great-great-grandchild. Category: Kin term. Sp √yel̕w̓ ylw̓éysa wood in a tree that is so twisted that it's impossible to split it for firewood; √yer̓ (yal̕) to be tangled; Cm yér̓ər̓ yr̓-r̓ be tangled up.

yasukrí   Morph: yasukrí. From: French Jésus Christ. Jesus Christ. Category: Borrowing. Cm səsukrí; Cr ǰisukrí.

yatpíc̓aʔ   Morph: yatpíc̓aʔ ? yatpíc̓aʔ. Category: Woman's name.

yawpyáʕʷt   Morph: yaw+p+yáʕʷ+t. to be powerful, strong. Sp yoʔpy̓éw̓t he's able bodied, he's capable; Cm yaʕ̓‑p‑y‑awt be well endowed, powerful, psychic; Cr yeʕʷpiy̓ígʷ+t able, capable, dependable, virtuous; Sh yʕʷ-yuʕʷ-t intense, hard (work), violent (disease); Th √zu(w), √zəw strong. See: yʕʷ.

yaxʷt   Morph: yaxʷt. to fall; to fall off s.t. Sp √yšut bottom, below; Cm yxʷ‑ut south; Cr dexʷ descend, dismount, dropped (it was...), lower; Sh √yuxʷ descend; Li √zəxʷ to fall into s.t.

yax̌   Morph: yax̌. ? Category: Confirm.

yayáxʷt   Morph: ya•yáxʷt. to keep dropping or falling off. Category: Repetitive. See: yaxʷt.

yayáx̌aʔ   Morph: ya•yáx̌aʔ. to watch s.t. (a show, a ceremony ...) or s.o. Gram: intransitive Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. Gram: c-...-st customary Gram: Nmiddle Category: Nominalized Middle.

yayáʕt   Morph: ya•yaʕ+t. all.

yayáʕt swit   Morph: ya•yaʕ+t swit. all; everyone. See: yaʕyáʕt swit.

yáyaʔ   Morph: yá•yaʔ. to chant (sweat house chanting, chanting to the Sweat House). Gram: intransitive Gram: middle Category: Middle.

yaylqs   Morph: ya•ylqs ? whitefish (larger variety). Category: Animal name. See Cm yan‑lqs whitefish.

yayúxʷt   Morph: ya•yúxʷt. to fall (in Skunk's stylized speech). See: yaxʷt.

yáy̓mx̌ʷaʔ   Morph: yá•y̓mx̌ʷaʔ. cedar bark basket. Category: Diminutive. See: yámx̌ʷaʔ.

yaʕ   Morph: yaʕ. root with meaning "backward, shy" on which several stems are formed. Category: Root. See: yaʕʕ; yaʕmín; yaʕpcnú; yaʕyaʕmíst. Sp √yaʕ afraid, apprehensive, shy; yaʕmín I was a bit afraid of him; Cr díʔ+deʔ+t demure.

yaʕcín   Morph: yaʕcin. 1 • the edge of the water; shore, where water joins dirt; shoreline; be close to shore.

2 • yaʕcín: large area formerly located south of what now is called Covington Cove. Lit: trail at mouth or edge Category: Place name. Th zaʕcín walk along the waterline on the beach next to the water.

yaʕcníwaʔɬ   Morph: yaʕcníwaʔɬ. yaʕcníwaʔɬ: a trail that followed along the former east side of the Columbia between xəl̕ál̕st and a canyon that is now known as Lundstrom Bay. Lit: trail along shore Category: Place name. See: yaʕcníwɬ; yaʕcín.

yaʕcníwɬ   Morph: yaʕcníwɬ. river bank. See: yaʕcín.

yaʕc̓   Morph: yaʕc̓. to be solid, tough. Sp yac̓ tight; Cr yec̓, u yc̓+óp [the o of the lexical suffix confirms an earlier pharyngeal]; Th √zúc̓ tight / snug.

yaʕlwís   Morph: yaʕ+lwís. to gather. See: yaʕ̓.

yaʕɬcwílxʷtn   Morph: yaʕ+ɬ+cwílxʷ+tn. the entire world; all the tribes. Category: Compound. See: yaʕyáʕt.

yaʕmín   Morph: yaʕ+mín. to be bashful about s.t.; to be fearful or afraid of s.t. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. Gram: Nmiddle Category: Nominalized Middle. Sp √yaʕ afraid, apprehensive, shy; yaʕmín I was a bit afraid of him; Cr yaʕ hesitant, shy, timid, uncertain; díʔ+deʔ+t demure. See: yaʕ.

yaʕpcín   Morph: yaʕ+pcín. to be hard up; to be scared; to be in need; to be in trouble. Sp yaʔpcín m he lacks something, he lacks food;yaʔ-pcín-m he lacks something; he lacks food; hec-yaʕ̓-pcíʔn they're poor people, they lack everything; Cm y̓aʕ̓pcín be in need, without; Cr yaʕ hesitant, shy, timid ... yaʕ̓+t+mí-nt-s ... he needed/required it. See: yaʕ.

yaʕpcínm   Morph: yaʕ+pcín+m. to be in need of s.t. or s.o. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. See: yaʕpcín; yaʕ.

yaʕpcnú   Morph: yaʕ+pc+nú. to end up in need of s.t.; to end up in difficulty; to end up hard up. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. See: yaʕpcín.

yaʕpqín   Morph: yaʕ+pqín. several together; lots of. Sp hec y̓aʔpqíni he's celebrating; Cm yaʕ̓‑p-qin many, lots; Cr yáʕ̓+pqin̓ to abound. See: yaʕyáʕt.

yaʕpqínm   Morph: yaʕ+p+qín+m. to gather; to celebrate. See: yaʕpqín.

yaʕpqn̓íl̕t   Morph: yaʕpqn̓íl̕t. many children. See: yaʕpqín.

yaʕpst   Morph: yaʕ+p+st. to take s.o. some place; to gather everything or everyone. Category: Causative. See: yaʕ̓.

yaʕqnísxn̓   Morph: yaʕqnísxn̓. yaʕqnísxn̓: hunting trail that followed along the top of the low mountain ridge beginning on the north side of the former mouth of Barnaby Creek and proceeding northward to nlaxʷ. Lit: trail along the top of the rock Category: Place name.

yaʕsálqʷ   Morph: yaʕsálqʷ. yaʕsálqʷ. Category: Man's name.

yaʕtkstm   Morph: yaʕtkst+m. to try all kinds of things. Gram: c-...-st customary See: yaʕyaʕt.

yaʕt̓   Morph: yaʕt̓. creaking or squeaking (e.g. of trees in the wind, or a gate). Category: Root. Sp √yet̓ to stir; Cr yit̓ stir (as mush); Sh yt̓-em to rub, scrub; Th √zəƛ̓ scour /scrub; Li zə́ƛ̓-ən to rub s.t. on a washboard.

yaʕyaʕmíst   Morph: yaʕ•yaʕ+míst. to make oneself pitiful, shy. See: yaʕ.

yaʕyaʕncút   Morph: yaʕ•yaʕ+ncút. to rustle or gather s.t.; to search for and gather s.t. Gram: intransitive Gram: Nmiddle Category: Nominalized Middle. Sp hi yaʔyaʔncút he gathered up all he owned and donated it to a worthy cause; Cm yaʕ̓‑aʕ̓ to get together (people); Cr yaʕ assemble, crowd, gather. See: yaʕ̓.

yaʕyáʕt   Morph: yaʕ•yáʕ+t. all; every; everyone; everything. Cm yaʕ̓yaʕ̓tú all, whole; Th zaʕˑ/záʕ-t [of peple] assembled, gotten together ...; zaʕˑ/zaʕ-péyqʷ all the poles are set up; Li zí˅ʔˑzəʕ̓ each one, every one. See: yaʕ̓.

yaʕyáʕt k̓aʔkín̓   Morph: yaʕ•yáʕ+t k̓a+ʔkín̓. to everywhere; to all sorts of places. See: yaʕyáʕt; k̓aʔkín̓.

yaʕyáʕt stim̓   Morph: yaʕ•yáʕ+t s+tim̓. everything. See: yaʕyáʕt; stim̓.

yaʕyáʕt swit   Morph: yaʕ•yaʕ+t s+wit. all; everyone. See: yaʕyáʕt; swit.

yaʕyáʕt taʔkín̓   Morph: yaʕ•yáʕ+t ta+ʔkín̓. everywhere; all sorts of places. See: yaʕyáʕt; taʔkín.

yaʕyáʕx̌aʔ   Morph: yaʕ•yáʕx̌aʔ. to watch s.t. (a show, a ceremony ...) or s.o.

yaʕʕ   Morph: yaʕ•ʕ. to be or get afraid. Category: C2 Inchoative. See: yaʕ. Category: Confirm.

yaʕʕmín   Morph: yaʕ•ʕ+min. to make s.o. afraid. Category: C2 Inchoative. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. See: yaʕʕ; yaʕ.

yaʕ̓   Morph: yaʕ̓. to arrive; to gather. Lit: I am going to where they are going to gather. Sp hecyáʕ̓ (ʔecyáʕ̓) cyáʕ̓ all, everything, everyone; yaʕ̓ (yaʕ) gathered, accumulated; Cm syáʕ̓‑ʕ̓ gathering, meeting (also s‑yaʕ̓ʷ‑ʕ̓ʷ to meet, gather); Cr yaʕ assemble, crowd, gather; Th zaʕ, zaʕ•záʕ-t [of pelple] assembled, gotten together, having arrived at a place, zaʕ-m-ə́m assemble, collect, gather (things) in a particular place]; yəʕ̓ assemble, zʕ ~ zʕ̓, √zəʕ group, zʕ-ə́m assemble, collect, gather things, zʕə́p pl. persons come, arrive, assemble, gather at a particular place [esp. just arrived]; Li zíʔ•zəʕ̓ each one, every one, n.zíʔ•zəʕ̓-s to go to everybody...

yaʕ̓cín   Morph: yaʕ̓cin. shore.

yaʕ̓íɬc̓aʔ   Morph: yaʕ̓íɬc̓aʔ. to gather meat. See: yaʕ̓.

yaʕ̓kín   Morph: yaʕ̓kín. to unload.

yaʕ̓lscút   Morph: yaʕ̓lscút. goods arrive. See: yaʕ̓.

yaʕ̓ɬcwílxʷtn   Morph: yaʕ̓+ɬ+cwílxʷ+tn. the whole world. Category: Compound. See: yaʕ̓.

yaʕ̓mílx   Morph: yaʕ̓+m+ílx. to gather together. See: yaʕ̓.

yaʕ̓mncút   Morph: yaʕ̓+mncút. all are together; all meet. See: yaʕ̓.

yaʕ̓mscút   Morph: yaʕ̓+mscút. several go. See: yaʕ̓.

yaʕ̓p   Morph: yaʕ̓+p. several arrive. Sp yiʕaʔp they all arrived together; Cr c+yaʕ̓ all arrived; Sh c-yʕ-ep to arrive (from far). See: yaʕ̓.

yaʕ̓pcín   Morph: yaʕ̓+pcín. to be in need. Sp yaʕ apprehensive, afraid; hec-yaʕ̓-pcín they’re poor people; Cm y̓aʕ̓‑p-cin be in need, without; Cr yaʕ hesitant, shy, timid; yaʕ̓+t+mí-nt-s needed, required. See: yaʕpcín.

yaʕ̓pqín   Morph: yaʕ̓+p+qín. many gathered; a lot.

yaʕ̓spuʔúsm   Morph: yaʕ̓+s+puʔús+m. to agree. Category: Compound. See: yaʕ̓.

yaʕ̓túsaʔ   Morph: yaʕ̓+túsaʔ. yaʕ̓túsaʔ: a low hill east from the present-day Sanpoil River and slightly south from nɬq̓ál̕əqʷ. Lit: trail along the rim Category: Place name.

yaʕ̓ʕ̓   Morph: yaʕ̓•ʕ̓. to gather; to be gathered. Category: C2 Inchoative. See: yaʕ̓.

yaʕʷpyáwt   Morph: yaʕʷ+p+yáw+t. to be strong or powerful. Gram: with unusual reduplicative pattern Sp yoʔpy̓éw̓t he's able bodied; n-yawls he’s strong headed; Cm yʕ̓ʷ‑yʕ̓ʷ‑t be hard, difficult, yaʕ̓‑p‑y–awt be well endowed, powerful, psychic; Cr yeʕʷpiy̓ígʷ+t able, capable, dependable, virtuous; Sh yʕʷ-yuʕʷ-t intensive ... strong. See: yʕʷ.

yaʕʷʕʷpyáwt   Morph: yaʕʷ•ʕʷ+p+yáw+t. several strong, powerful. Category: C2 plural. See: yaʕʷpyáwt.

yaʔ   Morph: yaʔ. ? Category: Lexical affix.

yaʔálqs   Morph: yaʔálqs. suffix sequence with unclear meaning in the following form. Category: Lexical affix.

yaʔkʷmí(n)   Morph: yaʔkʷ+mín. to get stingy of s.t. or with s.o. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. Gram: Nmiddle Category: Nominalized Middle. See: yákʷʔ.

yaʔk̓ʷáqs   Morph: yaʔk̓ʷáqs. late winter; very early spring. See: yk̓ʷ.

yaʔk̓ʷáqsm   Morph: yaʔk̓ʷáqs+m. late winter; very early spring. See: yaʔk̓ʷáqs.

yaʔqn   Morph: yaʔqn. the top of the head. Category: Lexical affix. Lit: draft around the head See: yaʔ; qn.

yaʔx̌ís   Morph: ya+ʔx̌ís. that one; back then; over there. Category: Amalgam. See: ʔx̌is.

yaʔx̌íʔ   Morph: ya+ʔx̌íʔ. over there; yonder; that one; those ones. Category: Amalgam.

yaʔyáx̌aʔm   Morph: yaʔ•yáx̌aʔ+m. to watch. See: yayáx̌aʔ; yaʕyáʕx̌aʔ.

yc   Morph: yc. 1 • to wrinkle. Category: Root. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. Gram: in the nominalized transitive Category: Nominalized transitive.

2 • to shake s.t. or s.o. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. Sp √yec tousled, uncombed ... in complete disarray.

ycac   Morph: yc•ac. wrinkled; tousled. Category: C2 Inchoative. See: yc.

ycakʷm   Morph: ycakʷm. ycakʷm. Category: Man's name.

ycáyaʔqn   Morph: ycáyaʔqn. one's hair is messy. See: yc.

yccal̕qs   Morph: yc•cal̕qs. wrinked clothes. See: yc.

ycikstm   Morph: ycikst+m. to shake s.t. or s.o. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. Sp hi yéc it's tousled.

ycxnmi   Morph: ycxn+mi. to trample s.t.; to uproot s.t. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. See: yc.

yc̓iʔstn̓   Morph: yc̓iʔs+tn̓. large horsetail (equisetum hyemale). Category: Plant name.

yílpiʔst   Morph: yil+piʔst. to hit the target. See: ylap.

yilw   Morph: yilw. to twist s.t. Category: Root. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. Sp yilw twisted, hec-yílu it's twisted; √yel̕w̓ ylw̓éysa wood in a tree that is so twisted that it's impossible to split it for firewood; Cr s+díluʔ switch, whip; Sh {√yel, yal be wound around; Li zál-an to twist s.t. (esp. branches in order to make a rope).

yilwíkstm   Morph: yilwíkst+m. to twist s.t. See: yilw.

yilwy   Morph: yilwy ? to stitch; to twist a twig. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. Gram: middle Category: Middle. See: yilw.

yimkstm   Morph: yimkst+m. to force, corner or crowd s.o. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. Sp hi čn yém̓ I'm so uneasy; Cm ym̓‑ym̓‑t be difficult; Cr i·+dém+m effete ... (lit. He is wearing out as a result of age).

yinwlx   Morph: yinw+lx. 1 • to glide in circles; to soar.

2 • yinwlx (Richard Armstrong). Category: Man's name. Sp √yel̕w̓ ylw̓éysa wood in a tree that is so twisted that it's impossible to split it for firewood.

yip   Morph: yip. to stand; to be standing. Gram: southern Ok form.

yir1   Morph: yir. to be round. Sp hi yir it's round, it's a circle; Sp √yir(é) (yal(é)) (Ka) round; Cm yər̓nt‑xʷ you wind s.t. around s.t.; Cr dar curved objects stand with concave surface up; yar roll; Sh √yel, yal be wound around; Th zəy reel wind; Li √zəl to turn. Li zəl to turn.

yir2   Morph: yir. to push. Category: Root. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. See: yr.

yirk̓ʷxnm   Morph: yirk̓ʷxn+m. to make snowshoes. See: yark̓ʷ.

yírqʷaʔ   Morph: yírqʷaʔ. Iroquois. Category: Confirm.

yirr1   Morph: yir•r. to be round. Category: C2 Inchoative.

yirr2   Morph: yir•r. to be pushed. Category: C2 Inchoative.

yititmníɬp   Morph: yt•yt+mníɬp. alumroot (heuchera cylindrica). Category: Plant name. See: ytytmniɬp.

yiw̓ístn   Morph: yiw̓ís+tn. death camas (zigadenus venenosus). Category: Plant name. See: yw̓istn.

yixʷxʷ   Morph: yixʷ•xʷ. to brag. Category: C2 Inchoative. Cf ? Sp √yixʷ, √yuxʷ to covet, to envy.

yk̓ʷ   Morph: yk̓ʷ. root with meaning "cross" on which several stems are formed. Category: Root. See: ny̓ak̓ʷ; ɬcny̓ak̓ʷ; ɬny̓ay̓ák̓ʷ; nyak̓ʷílp; nyaʔyáʔk̓ʷ; ny̓ay̓ak̓ʷ; syaʔk̓ʷáqs; yaʔk̓ʷáqs; yaʔk̓ʷáqsm.

yk̓ʷyuk̓ʷps   Morph: yk̓ʷ•yuk̓ʷps. mariposa lily (calochortus macrocarpus). Category: Plant name.

ylap   Morph: yla+p. to be hit (by s.t. fast-moving). Sp yil(í), yl-p-nú-n I accidentally hit it, yl-íp she was struck by something; s-č-yl-íp junction of two rivers (or roads).

ylikʷlxkn   Morph: ylikʷ+lx+kn. Ramhorn; ramhorn; Bighorn; bighorn. Category: Animal name. Cm ylakʷlxkn bighorn sheep, mountain sheep; see Sh yʕ-elxkn; see Li yəʕálxkən female mountain sheep.

ylix̌   Morph: ylix̌. ylix̌. Category: Man's name.

ylmixʷm   Morph: ylmixʷ+m. to be chief. Sp ylmixʷ-m a chief, king (playing card); Cm yl‑mixʷ‑m chief; Cr yilmíxʷ+m king, leader, potentate, ruler.

ylmixʷmst   Morph: ylmixʷ+m+st. to make s.o. a chief. Category: Causative. See: ylmixʷm.

ylmxʷscut   Morph: ylmxʷ+scut. to act the boss. See: ylmixʷm.

ylmxʷwilx   Morph: ylmxʷ+wilx. to become chief(s), leader(s). See: ylmixʷm.

ylpnu   Morph: yl+p+nu. to manage to hit s.t. (with s.t. that moves fast, e.g. a gun). Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. See: ylap.

ylq   Morph: ylq. to uncover s.t. Category: Root. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive.

yltilt   Morph: yltilt. a runaway child. See: yalt.

yltmin   Morph: yl+t+min. to run away from s.t. or s.o. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. See: yalt.

ylxʷ   Morph: ylxʷ. to cover s.t., to wrap s.t. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. Sp √yel̕xʷ covered, draped, wrapped around, wound yél̕xʷ it's covered, it's wrapped around; Cr yél̕xʷ cover (to...with cloth); Sh √yel, yal be wound around; Th /zi[ʔ]xʷ wrap; Li zál-xal to twist s.t.

ylxʷus   Morph: ylxʷus. to cover one's face. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. Gram: middle Category: Middle. See: ylxʷ.

ylyalmxʷscút   Morph: yl•yalmxʷ+scút. to act quite the boss. Category: Repetitive. See: ylmixʷm.

ylyalt   Morph: yl•yal+t. several escape, run away. See: yalt.

ylylmixʷm   Morph: yl•ylmixʷ+m. to be chiefs. See: ylmixʷm.

ylylt   Morph: yl•ylt. to run away from s.t. or s.o. Cm ylam to run [pl]; Cr dul̕ run (..ạway). See: ylyalt.

ylyltmi   Morph: yl•yl+t+mi. to run away from s.o. or s.t. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. See: ylylt.

ylyult   Morph: yl•yul+t. big around; large circumference. See: yult.

ylyulxn   Morph: yl•yulxn. thick (round) legs. Sp n-yúlps thick necked. See: yult.

yɬmtal̕qs   Morph: yɬmtal̕qs. yɬmtal̕qs (Madeline DeSautel). Category: Woman's name.

ymmscut   Morph: ym•m+scut. to be cornered; to be in fear; to be helpless. See: ymscut.

ymnsmist   Morph: ymns+mist. to confess.

ymscut   Morph: ym+scut. to be cornered; to be helpless.

ymyamqʷt   Morph: ym•yamqʷ+t. to be small, insignificant.

ymyámx̌ʷaʔ   Morph: ym•yámx̌ʷaʔ. baskets. See: yámx̌ʷaʔ.

ymyumlx   Morph: ym•yumlx. quake; earthquake.

ym̓m̓scut   Morph: ym̓•m̓+scut. to be helpless. Cr siymscut (make effort). See: ymmscut.

ym̓yum̓lx   Morph: ym̓•yum̓lx. quake; earthquake; objects move.

ynixʷ   Morph: ynixʷ. 1 • water hemlock (cicuta douglasii). Category: Plant name.

2 • wild parsnip. Category: Plant name.

ynmascúɬm   Morph: ynma+s+cúɬ+m. Morph: morphology unclear. ynmascúɬm. Category: Man's name.

yp   Morph: yp. on the way there. Category: Lexical affix. Cm yap- in passing; along the way; as you go.

ypaníc̓aʔ   Morph: ypaníc̓aʔ ? ypaníc̓aʔ. Category: Man's name.

ypwikm   Morph: ypwik+m. to catch a glimpse of s.t. in passing. See: wik.

yq̓   Morph: yq̓. root with meaning "belt" on which several stems are formed. Category: Root. See: yq̓ip; yq̓iw̓sm; nyq̓palqstn.

yq̓ip   Morph: yq̓ip. a belt. See Th q̓ip̓ belt, waistband. See: yq̓.

yq̓iw̓sm   Morph: yq̓iw̓s+m. to tie s.t. with a belt. See: yq̓.

yq̓min   Morph: yq̓+min. (grinding) file. Category: Confirm.

yq̓nstúlaʔxʷ   Morph: yq̓nstúlaʔxʷ ? yq̓nstúlaʔxʷ. Category: Man's name.

yqʷqʷimmt   Morph: yqʷ•qʷ•im•m+t. to be unsettled, upset.

yr   Morph: yr. to push. Category: Root. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. Cm yr‑mi(n)‑nt‑xʷ you push s.o. See: yir2.

yram   Morph: yra+m. to make a circle. See: yir1.

yrikst   Morph: yrikst. to be coiled. See: yr1.

yrik̓ʷxnm   Morph: yrik̓ʷxn+m. to make snowshoes. See: yir1.

yríwaxn   Morph: yríwaxn. snowshoe; snow shoeing. See: yir1.

yríwaʔxn   Morph: yríwaʔxn. to wear snowshoes; to do snowshoeing. Sp hi yryíršn he has round feet; Cm sy̓ar̓iw̓áʔxn̓ round snowshoes; Cr dar curved objects stand with concave surface up. See: yir1.

yríwaʔxnm   Morph: yríwaʔxn+m. to wear snowshoes; to be showshoeing; to snowshoe. See: yríwaʔxn.

yrknaʔpaw̓stxn   Morph: yrknaʔ+paw̓stxn. yrknaʔpaw̓stxn (one of the names of Coyote's second son). Category: Man's name. See: yrnaʔɬpáw̓stxn.

yrkn̓iɬml̕x   Morph: yrkn̓iɬml̕x. squaw currant (ribes cereum). Category: Plant name.

yrkn̓iɬp   Morph: yrkn̓iɬp. squaw currant (ribes cereum). Category: Plant name.

yrksncut   Morph: yrks+ncut. to coil up. See: yir1.

yrk̓ʷ   Morph: yrk̓ʷ. to bend or curve s.t.; to make a loop. Category: Root. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. Sp √yilk̓ʷ to rub in a circular motion, to wind; Cm yrk̓ʷ‑m to bend around; Cr yark̓ʷ crooked, curved; Sh √yelk̓ʷ, ylok̓ʷ curve, coil, hollow; Th √zələk̓ʷ curl/coil; Li zál-k̓ʷ-ən to wrap s.t. up, tr.

yrmi(n)   Morph: yr+mi(n). to push s.t.; to push s.t. away. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. Gram: +ɬt transitive Gram: chipdd 099 See: yr.

yrmncut   Morph: yr+mn+cut. to form a circle. See: yir1.

yrmnus   Morph: yr+mnus. to push away from s.t. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. See: yrmi(n).

yrnaʔɬpáw̓stxn   Morph: yrnaʔ+ɬpáw̓s+txn. yrnaʔɬpáw̓stxn (one of Coyote's sons). Lit: tangled foot Category: Man's name. See: yrknaʔpaw̓stxn.

yrncut   Morph: yr+ncut. 1 • to form a circle.

2 • the full moon. See: yir1.

yrr   Morph: yr•r. to be or get pushed. Category: C2 Inchoative. See: yr.

yrrmi   Morph: yr•r+mi. to get s.t. pushed. Category: C2 Inchoative. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. See: yr.

yryark̓ʷ   Morph: yr•yark̓ʷ. to be crooked. See: yark̓ʷ.

yryárwyaʔ   Morph: yr•yárwyaʔ ? fifth generation grandmother or grandchild. Category: Kin term. See: yár̓wyaʔ.

yryir   Morph: yr•yir. to be round; to (tape) record; a circle; a coil. See: yir1.

yryr1   Morph: yr•yr. to coil s.t. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. See: yir1.

yryr2   Morph: yr•yr. to push s.t. or s.o. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. See: yr.

yryríwaʔxnm   Morph: yr•yríwaʔxn+m. several people snowshoe. See: yríwaʔxnm.

yr̓sq̓ax̌píc̓aʔ   Morph: yr̓+s+q̓ax̌+píc̓aʔ. yr̓sq̓ax̌píc̓aʔ. Category: Woman's name.

ytakʷ   Morph: ytakʷ. rotten, likely to fall apart when touched. Sp yetékʷ rotted clothing material; Cr yetkʷ decay, decompose, putrify, rot.

ytkʷ   Morph: ytkʷ. root with meaning "rotten" on which these stems are formed: Category: Root. See: ytakʷ; ytytakʷ; nytkʷíɬc̓aʔ; nytkʷip. Sp yetékʷ well-cooked meat, rotted clothing material; Cr yetkʷ decay, decompose, putrify, rot.

ytytakʷ   Morph: yt•ytakʷ. rotten, likely to fall apart when touched. See: ytakʷ.

ytytmniɬp   Morph: yt•yt+mníɬp. alumroot (heuchera cylindrica). Category: Plant name.

yt̓ncaʕt   Morph: yt̓+ncaʕt. creaking or squeaking. Category: Pharyngeal movement. See: yaʕt̓.

yult   Morph: yul+t. to be big around. Sp yúl-t it's thick at its circumference. See Sh yulqʷ thick (of cylindrical objects).

yuɬlst   Morph: yuɬlst. yuɬlst. Category: Man's name.

yumcn   Morph: yumn. yumcn: area at the mouth of Sheep Creek, on the west side of the Columbia River, about one and one-half miles north from Northport. Category: Place name.

yúm̓miʔst   Morph: yúm̓+miʔst. to move; to make a move. See Sp √yun̓ to move involuntarily; yún̓-miʔst he moved suddenly after being asleep (or still) for quite a while; Cm yum̓ to move slightly; Cr u·+dún̓ moved (it suddenly...).

yurpáʔ   Morph: yurpáʔ ? yurpáʔ. Category: Man's name.

yus   Morph: yus. dark red.

yustxn   Morph: yustxn. foot. Category: Lexical affix. See: xn.

yutlx   Morph: yut+lx. Raven; raven. Category: Animal name.

yutlxʷ   Morph: yutlxʷ. Raven; raven. Category: Animal name.

yuyá   semantic import "come on, please, listen". Category: Interjection.

yuyuʕʷáɬqʷ   Morph: yw•yʕʷaɬqʷ. salvia (salvia dorrii). Category: Plant name. See: ywyʕʷaɬqʷ.

ywyaʕʷt   Morph: yw•yaʕʷ+t. to be strong; to be demanding. Lit: His strength is not like mine. Sp √yoʔ (yo yuʔ yu) strong; Cr √yʕgʷ able, capable...; Sh yʕʷ-ilx to exert oneself, do one’s outmost. See: yʕʷ.

ywyʕʷakst   Morph: yw•yʕʷakst. a strong hand. See: yʕʷ.

ywyʕʷaɬqʷ   Morph: yw•yʕʷaɬqʷ. salvia (salvia dorrii). Category: Plant name.

ywyʕʷikst   Morph: yw•yʕʷikst. strong hand(s). See: yʕʷ.

yw̓istn   Morph: yw̓is+tn. death camas (zigadenus venenosus). Category: Plant name.

yxʷáyaʔqn   Morph: yxʷáyaʔqn. to lower one's head. See: yxʷut.

yxʷilxqnm   Morph: yxʷilxqn+m. 1 • horn shedding.

2 • yxʷilxqnm. Category: Man's name. See: yaxʷt.

yxʷitkʷm   Morph: yxʷitkʷ+m. a waterfall; water falls. See: yaxʷt.

yxʷiwt   Morph: yxʷiwt. a tassel; fringe. Lit: it hangs down See: yaxʷt.

yxʷmin   Morph: yxʷ+min. to drop a single item. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. Gram: Nmiddle Category: Nominalized Middle. See: yaxʷt.

yxʷmncut   Morph: yxʷ+mncut. to get off; to dismount; to dive. See: yaxʷt.

yxʷmst   Morph: yxʷ+m+st. to lower s.t. Category: Causative. See: yaxʷt.

yxʷmsúlaʔxʷ   Morph: yxʷmsúlaʔxʷ. 1 • yxʷmsúlaʔxʷ: ridge north from the Rogers Bar church and west from the Silver Creek road. Lit: north wind land Category: Place name.

2 • yxʷmsúlaʔxʷ: a low, bald hill located northeast from the north end of Seylor Valley. Category: Place name. See: nyxʷmsúlaʔxʷ.

yxʷmus   Morph: yxʷ+mus. to come down hard and cold [said of snow]; north wind. Gram: middle Category: Middle. Sp √yixʷmús cold weather, yixʷmúsm, the weather is cold (or stormy); see Li zaxʷ-úl̕-qs to start a bad cold.

yxʷspuʔús   Morph: yxʷ+s+puʔús. the heard drops. See: yaxʷt.

yxʷtpalqs   Morph: yxʷ+t+palqs. shirt; skirt; garment. Sp yštpálqs shirt.

yxʷtus   Morph: yxʷ+tus+m. to fall off of s.t.; to fall over. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. Gram: Nmiddle Category: Nominalized Middle. See: yaxʷt.

yxʷut   Morph: yxʷut. below; down. Sp yšut bottom, below; Cm k‑yxʷ‑m–s–akst downriver, down below; Cr dexʷ descend, dismount, dropped (it was...), lower; Sh yuxʷ descend; yuxʷ-t to move downstream; Th √zíx go lower; Li √zəxʷ ... to fall into s.t. See: yaxʷt.

yx̌   Morph: yx̌. root with meaning "slide" on which several stems are formed. Category: Root. See: yx̌ípm; yʔx̌ip; yx̌pncut.

yx̌a   Morph: yx̌a. 1 • to drag s.t.

2 • to drive stock or game. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. Gram: middle Category: Middle. Sp √yx̌ yx̌sqáx̌eʔ he drove the horses away, he herded the animals; Cm s‑yaʔx̌ to chase, herd; Cr dax̌ round-up, drive (cattle, etc.); Sh yx̌en to chase fish into fishtrap; Th zəx̌ move; Li zəx̌ to move, start s.t.

yx̌i   Morph: yx̌i. 1 • to drive stock or wild animals. Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. Gram: +x(í)t transitive

2 • to put space between drivers. Gram: +st transitive Sp √yx̌ yx̌sqáx̌eʔ he drove the horses away, he herded the animals; Cm s‑yaʔx̌ to chase, herd; Cr dax̌ round-up, drive (cattle, etc.); Sh yx̌en to chase fish into fishtrap; Th zəx̌ move; Li zəx̌ to move, start s.t. See: yx̌is; yx̌a.

yx̌ipm   Morph: yx̌ip+m. to slide on one's bottom; to drag one's bottom.

yx̌is   Morph: yx̌is. to drive stock or wild animals. Gram: intransitive Gram: +nt transitive Category: +nt transitive. Gram: middle Category: Middle. Sp yx̌sqáx̌eʔ he drove the horses away, he herded the animals; Cm s‑yaʔx̌ to chase, herd; Sh yx̌en to chase fish into fishtrap; see Th /yəx̌-t-és ... move two elements apart so as to leave a space between. See: yx̌i; yx̌a.

yx̌ist   Morph: yx̌is+t. to drive stock or wild animals. Gram: intransitive Gram: middle Category: Middle. See: yx̌i; yx̌is.

yx̌lxsqáx̌aʔm   Morph: yx̌+lxsqáx̌aʔ+m. to move a herd (of cattle). Sp √yx̌ yx̌sqáx̌eʔ he drove the horses away, he herded the animals. See: yx̌is.

yx̌pncut   Morph: yx̌+p+ncut. to drag oneʼs bottom. See: yx̌ip.

yx̌sqáx̌aʔ   Morph: yx̌sqáx̌aʔ. to drive a herd. Sp yx̌sqáx̌aʔ hedrove the horses away he herded the animals; yx̌en to chase fish into fishtrap. See: yx̌i; yx̌a.

yx̌x̌úlaʔxʷ   Morph: yx̌•x̌úlaʔxʷ. yx̌x̌úlaʔxʷ. Category: Man's name.

yx̌yax̌t   Morph: yx̌•yax̌+t. to be bold, ahead of the pack; to be greedy, pushy. Sp yx̌yáx̌-t he's a bothersome person.

yx̌yx̌ncút   Morph: yx̌•yx̌+ncút. to be greedy, pushy, wanting to be first. Sp √yax̌ abrasive, bothersome; yx̌yáx̌t he's a bothersome person. See: yx̌Yax̌t.

yx̌ʷyx̌ʷutxn   Morph: yx̌ʷ•yx̌ʷutxn. Badger, badger. Category: Animal name. Sp s-x̌ʷix̌ʷyútšn badger, one with sharp feet; Cm yx̌ʷ-yx̌ʷ-ut-xn; Cr yax̌+yax̌+útšn badger (lit. sound of scratching feet).

yyaʕp   Morph: y•yáʕ+p. several arrive. Sp yiʕáʔp they all arrived together. See: iyáʕp; yaʕ̓.

yʕʷ   Morph: yʕʷ. root with meaning "strong" on which several stems are formed. Category: Root. See: yʕʷyʕʷink; ywyaʕʷt; ywyʕʷikst; yaʕʷʕʷpyáwt; yaʕʷpyáwt; yawpyáʕʷt. Sp yoʔpy̓éw̓t he's able bodied, he's capable; Cm yaʕ̓‑p‑y‑awt be well endowed, powerful, psychic; Cr yeʕʷpiy̓ígʷ+t able, capable, dependable, virtuous; Sh yʕʷ-yuʕʷ-t intense, hard (work), violent (disease); Th √zu(w), √zəw strong.

yʕʷyʕʷink   Morph: yʕʷ•yʕʷink. a strong bow. See: yʕʷ.

yʔap   Morph: yʔap. to be gathered. Category: Inchoative. See: yaʕ̓.

yʔaʕ̓   Morph: y[ʔ]aʕ̓. to gather; to begin to gather. Category: Inchoative. See: yaʕ̓.

yʔx̌ipm   Morph: yʔx̌ip+m. to slide. See: yx̌.