i

i1   [i(ʔ)] allomorph of the article before l.

i-2   [i] Morph: i-. n-less allomorph of in- before (kin terms in) s-, ɬ, and n "my".

1 • before s.

2 • before ɬ.

3 • before n.

i-3   [i] Morph: i-. first person singular of the i- paradigm "I, my".

1 • in nominalized middle forms.

2 • in future nominal intransitive constructions.

3 • in perfective sc- nominal constructions.

3 • in k(ɬ)+ "to be" constructions.

-i4   [i] Morph: -i. transitive imperative plural "you (folks)".

i lútiʔ   Morph: i lútiʔ. not yet.

ic̓   body cover, outer cover.

ic̓asq̓t   [ic̓ásq̓ət] Morph: ic̓ásq̓t. cold day.

íc̓aʔ   [íc̓aʔ] Morph: íc̓aʔ. surface; hide; (body) cover, outer cover.

ic̓íʔstn̓   [ic̓íʔstn̓.] Morph: yc̓iʔs+tn̓. large horsetail (equisetum hyemale).

ih   [ih] Morph: ih. unclear semantic import.

ik1   [ik] Morph: ik. allomorph of íkn̓ "back" (anatomy); "top layer; crust," before -iʔ transitive.

ik2   [ik] Morph: ik. hand.

íkaʔst   [íkaʔst] Morph: íkaʔst. hand, wrist, branch.

ikn   [ikṇ] Morph: ikn. back; surface; ice.

iknxn   [íkənxən] Morph: iknxn. sole of foot.

ikn̓   [íkən̓] Morph: ikn̓. back (anatomy); top layer; crust; fence.

iks   [iks] Morph: iks. hand.

ikst   [ikst] Morph: ikst. hand; branch.

ikxt   [ikxt] Morph: ikxt. manipulation, way of doing.

ik̓líliʔ   Morph: ik̓lí•liʔ. over there.

ik̓líʔ   [ik̓líʔ] Morph: ik̓líʔ. (to) there; be there.

ikʷ1   [ikʷ] Morph: ikʷ. water, liquid.

-ikʷ2   [ikʷ] Morph: -ikʷ. singular imperative marker with transitive verbs.

1 • with +nt.

2 • with +st.

3 • with +ɬt.

ílaʔ   [ílaʔ] Morph: ílaʔ. ?

ílaʔk̓   [ílaʔk̓] Morph: ílaʔk̓. wood.

ilaʔp   [ílaʔp] Morph: ílaʔp. bed; foundation.

ílaʔps   [ílaʔps] Morph: ílaʔps. ?

ílaʔs   [ílaʔs] Morph: ilaʔs. company.

ílaʔt   [ílaʔt] Morph: ílaʔt. child(dren).

ílaʔx   [ílaʔx] Morph: ílaʔx. motion toward s.t.; progress; noise.

ilíkʷlxkn   [ilíkʷləxkən] Morph: ylikʷlxkn. ramhorn; bighorn.

ililmíxʷm   [ililmíxʷəm] Morph: yl•ylmixʷ+m. chiefs; bosses.

ilín   [ilín] Morph: ilín. Ellen.

ilíx̌   [ilíx̌] Morph: ylix̌. ilíx̌.

ilíʔ   [ilíʔ] Morph: ilíʔ. to let s.o. stay; to stay with s.o.

ilíʔm   [ilíʔm] Morph: ilíʔ+m. to stay with s.o.

íliʔs   [íliʔs] Morph: íliʔs. 1 • group; relatives (plural of iw̓s).

2 • joints.

3 • in several botanical terms.

ilmíxʷm   [ilmíxʷəm] Morph: ylmixʷ+m. to be chief.

iln   [ílən] Morph: iln. arrow.

ilp   [ilp] Morph: ilp. bed, foundation.

ilpnt   [íləpənt] Morph: ilpnt. elephant.

ilps   [ilps] Morph: ilps. neck.

ilpstxn   [ílpstxən] Morph: ilpstxn. (a person's) lap.

ils   [ils] Morph: ils. feel(ing); thought; company.

ilstn   [ilstṇ] Morph: ilstn. Morph: probably segmentable ilst+n. weapon.

ilsxn   [ílsxən] Morph: ilsxn. forehead; hair.

ilt   [ilt] Morph: ilt. 1 • child(ren).

2 • food; berry.

iltn   [iltṇ] Morph: iltn. stomach, food, eat, meat.

ilx 1   [ilx] Morph: ilx. motion; progress toward s.t.

ilx 2   [ilx] Morph: ilx. noise.

ilx 3   [ilx] Morph: ilx. ?

ilxqn   [ílxqən] Morph: ilxqn. ?

ilxʷ   [ilxʷ] Morph: ilxʷ. coat, body covering.

il̕lx   [il̕lx] Morph: il̕lx. motion; progress.

il̕t   [il̕t] Morph: il̕t. child; offspring.

íɬaʔp   [íɬaʔp] Morph: íɬaʔp. plant, bush.

íɬaʔxʷ   [íɬaʔxʷ] Morph: íɬaʔxʷ. house.

íɬc̓aʔ   [íɬc̓aʔ] Morph: íɬc̓aʔ. single enclosure; body; belly.

iɬmlx   [íɬməlx] Morph: iɬmlx. tree, bush, plant.

iɬn   [iɬn] Morph: iɬn. information, request.

iɬp   [iɬp] Morph: iɬp. 1 • plant, bush.

2 • ?

iɬxn   [íɬxən] Morph: iɬxn. leg.

iɬxʷ   [iɬxʷ] Morph: iɬxʷ. house. Morph: n of niɬxʷ not clear.

^-im1   [im] Morph: -im. suffixal component of nominalized future (weak, suffix-stressed) forms (ks-...+transitivizer-m). These forms are conjugated with the i- set of person markers.

1 • with +st.

2 • with +ɬt.

-im2   [im] Morph: -im. first person plural subject with weak (suffix-stressed) transitive stems.

1 • with +nt.

2 • with +st.

-im3   [im] Morph: -im. suffix that marks a passive subject--an indefinite agent acting on a subject patient.

-im4   [im] Morph: -im. in transitive constructions (weak stems) -m in combination with kʷu translates as "(s)he / they ... us".

1 • with +nt.

2 • with +ɬt.

ímc̓aʔ   [ímc̓aʔ] Morph: ímc̓aʔ. suffix sequence in the following form:

+imn   [ímən] Morph: +imn. derivational suffix with habitual import: to do s.t. often; to be in a state often; to like to do s.t.

imxʷ   [imxʷ] Morph: imxʷ. nipple.

in-1   [in] Morph: in-. first person of the in- paradigm "my".

-in2   [in] Morph: -in. first person singular transitive marker -in paradigm.

1 • with +nt.

2 • with +st.

3 • with+ɬt.

ína   [ína] Morph: ína. ear (?)

ínaʔ   [ínaʔ] Morph: ínaʔ. ear; surface.

ínaʔk   [ínaʔk] Morph: ínaʔk. inside.

incá   [incá] Morph: in+cá. I.

incá kn   [incá kṇ] Morph: in+cá kn. I.

incám   Morph: in+cá+m. I.

ink   [ink] Morph: ink. 1 • belly, stomack, innards.

2 • (side)hill; side.

3 • weapon.

inmascúɬm   [inmascúɬm] Morph: inma+s+cúɬ+m. inmascúɬm.

ip1   [ip] Morph: ip. 1 • egg; oval object; rope; tree.

2 • base; bottom end.

3 • door.

-ip2   [ip] Morph: -ip. second person plural transitive subject.

ípaʔɬxn   [ípaʔɬxən] Morph: ípaʔɬxn. heel.

ípaʔs   [ípaʔs] Morph: ípaʔs. chin.

ípaʔst   [ípaʔst] Morph: ípaʔst. Man's name.

íplaʔ   [íplaʔ] Morph: íplaʔ. handle.

ipɬxn   [ípɬxən] Morph: ipɬxn. heel; hoof.

ípnaʔ   [ípnaʔ] Morph: ípnaʔ. ?

ips   [ips] Morph: ips. loop; hoop; neck.

ípuʔst   [ípuʔst] Morph: ípuʔst. step.

ípuʔstxn   [ípuʔstxən] Morph: ípuʔstxn. step, stride.

-is   [is] Morph: -is. third person singular transitive subject (weak stems).

1 • with +nt.

2 • with +ɬt.

ísaʔxn   [ísaʔxən] Morph: ísaʔxn. small round object.

ísk̓iʔt   [ísk̓iʔt] Morph: ísk̓iʔ. pharynx; throat.

islp̓   [ísəlp̓] Morph: islp̓. firewood.

isthilíntn   [isthilíntn] Morph: isthilín+tn ? isthilíntn: a creek near Oliver.

íst̓yaʔ   [íst̓yaʔ] Morph: íst̓yaʔ. grass.

isx   [isx] Morph: isx. stone; rock; round object.

isxn   [ísxən] Morph: isxn. 1 • stone; rock; small round object; fire light.

2 • forehead; hair.

-it   [it] Morph: -it. first person plural transitive subject (weak stems).

1 • with +nt.

2 • with +ɬt.

ítaʔkʷ   [ítaʔkʷ] Morph: ítaʔkʷ. water.

itíʔ   [itíʔ] Morph: itíʔ. that; from that; that's when.

itkʷ   [itkʷ] Morph: itkʷ. water.

itlíʔ   [itlíʔ] Morph: itlíʔ. 1 • from there.

2 • from that time; then.

3 • for that reason; from that source.

itl̕íʔ   [itl̕íʔ] Morph: itl̕íʔ. from there.

ítx̌ʷaʔ   [ítx̌ʷaʔ] Morph: ʔítx̌ʷaʔ. black camas (camassia quamash).

iwá   [iwá] Morph: iwá. 1 • even; even if; even though.

2 • try to.

3 • no matter, to no avail.

iwám   [iwám] Morph: iwá+m. even though; try to.

íwaʔt   [íwaʔt] Morph: íwaʔt. place.

iwl   [iwl] Morph: iwl. boat, conveyance; water creature.

iwɬ   [iwɬ] Morph: iwɬ. boat, conveyance.

iwt   [iwt] Morph: iwt. place.

iw̓   [iw̓] Morph: iw̓s. middle; center; across.

íw̓aʔs   [íw̓aʔs] Morph: íw̓aʔs. middle; center; across.

iw̓s   [iw̓s] Morph: iw̓s. 1 • middle; center; across.

2 • with one another.

3 • ?

ixíxiʔ   [ixíxiʔ] Morph: ixíxiʔ. this much; this long; a little while.

ixíʔ   [ixíʔ] Morph: ixíʔ. that; there; then.

ixíʔ uɬ   that's when.

ixíʔm   Morph: ixíʔ+m. that; there; then.

ixkn   [íxkən] Morph: ixkn. suffix found in the following form.

-ixʷ   [ixʷ] Morph: -ixʷ. second person singular transitive subject marker.

1 • with +nt.

2 • with +st.

iyáʕp   [iyáʕp] Morph: yi•yáʕ+p. several arrive.

íyaʔ   [íyaʔ] Morph: íyaʔ. ?

iys   [iˑs] Morph: iys. 1 • tooth.

2 • edge.

3 • rain, snow.

1   [iʔ] Morph: . 1 • article.

2 • relative pronoun (subject) who, what, that.

3 • relative pronoun (object) that, whom, what.

4 • relative pronoun (object with locative proclitics) to whom, to which, from whom, from which...

5 • complementizer that.

+iʔ2   [iʔ] Morph: +y̓. allomorph of +nt transitive in subjunctive forms.

+iʔ3   [iʔ] Morph: +iʔ. suffix with reference to time.

iʔ aʔkɬm̓l̕m̓l̕tíɬp   [iʔ aʔkɬm̓əl̕m̓əl̕tíɬp] Morph: iʔ aʔkɬ+m̓l̕•m̓l̕+tíɬp. iʔ aʔkɬm̓l̕m̓l̕tíɬp: the area where Moore Draw formerly entered the west side of the Columbia.

iʔ aʔksml̕áʕlaʔxʷ   [iʔ aʔksml̕áʕlaʔxʷ] Morph: iʔ aʔk+s+ml̕áʕlaʔxʷ. iʔ aʔksml̕áʕlaʔxʷ: the creek known locally as Cornstalk Creek.

iʔ aʔksnmán̓xʷtn   [iʔ aʔksnmán̓xʷtṇ] Morph: iʔ aʔk+s+n+mán̓xʷ+tn. iʔ aʔksnmán̓xʷtn: a bench of land west from the former west side of the Columbia. The place to get the rock known as snman̓xʷtn, from which bowls for smoking pipes were made.

iʔ aʔkst̓qíʔstn   [iʔ aʔkst̓qíʔstn] Morph: iʔ aʔk+s+t̓qíʔst+n. iʔ aʔkst̓qíʔstn: the area where the Rogers Bar church is today.

iʔ lútiʔ   [i lútiʔ] Morph: iʔ lút+iʔ. not yet.

iʔ t cu   [iʔ t cu] Morph: iʔ t cu. as one said.

iʔc̓iʔstn̓   [iʔc̓íʔstn̓] Morph: y̓c̓iʔs+tn̓. small horsetail (equisetum laevigatum).

iʔɬp   [iʔɬp] Morph: iʔɬp. plant; bush.

íʔpustxn   [íʔpustxən] Morph: íʔpustxn. step.

iʔst1   [iʔst] Morph: iʔst. 1 • arrow; bullet; weapon.

2 • in botanical terms.

3 • ?

iʔst2   [iʔst] Morph: iʔst. manage to; accidentally do.

iʔstn   [íʔstən] Morph: iʔstn. ?

iʔxʷxʷ   [iʔxʷxʷ] Morph: iʔxʷxʷ. unclear semantic import.

iˑˑ   [iˑ] Morph: i. unclear semantic import.