c

ch1   face a direction.

ch   Morph: ch. to face a direction.

cah   Morph: cah. to face a direction; to run across somebody; to straighten s.t.

cahhám   Morph: cah•h•á+m. to (face and) watch.

kcahm   Morph: k+cah+m. to figure out; to explain; to straighten s.t. out.

kcham   Morph: k+cha+m. to face a direction; what (direction) one faces.

kcahmst   Morph: k+cah+m+st. to figure out; to explain; to straighten s.t. out; to manage to figure something out.

kcahhám   Morph: k+cah•há+m. to have a turn; to take a turn; to go next; to come out right.

ɬkcahhám   Morph: ɬ+k+cah•há+m. to have a turn again.

kchham   Morph: k+ch•há+m. to be one's turn.

kcahchám   Morph: k+cah•chá+m. to take turns.

kcahcahm   Morph: k+cah•cah+m. to make s.t. fit; to straighten s.t. out.

kcahmnúst   Morph: k+cah+m+nú+st. to manage to figure something out.

kcahcahmst   Morph: k+cah•cah+m+st. to manage to figure something out.

kcahmncút   Morph: k+cah+mncút. to be facing a direction; to take turns.

ɬncahmncút   Morph: ɬ+n+cah+mncút. to go straight for s.t.

ɬkcahmncút   Morph: ɬ+k+cah+mncut. to take a turn again.

ckcahmncút   Morph: c+k+cah+mncút. to be facing this way.

cahcháqs   Morph: cah•cháqs. to face a direction.

kcahxnmí(n)   Morph: k+cahxn+mín. to be on a (good) track.

kɬcham   Morph: kɬ+cha+m. 1 • to straighten (e.g. a name).

2 • to waylay s.o.

k̓ɬcah   Morph: k̓ɬ+cah. to be face to face; to be watching; to get face to face with s.t. or s.o.

k̓ɬch(a)   Morph: k̓ɬ+ch. to go wait for s.o.; to waylay or stalk s.o.; to ambush s.o.

k̓ɬchham   Morph: k̓ɬ+ch•ha+m. to be oneʼs turn; to happen to be.

sxʷk̓ɬcham   Morph: sxʷk̓ɬ+cha+m. one waiting to shoot deer herded towards him.

k̓ɬchmix   Morph: k̓ɬ+ch+mix. to wait for.

sk̓ɬchmix   Morph: s+k̓ɬ+ch+mix. person(s) watching, stalking.

snk̓ɬcahmín   Morph: s+n+k̓ɬ+cah+mín. a place to sit and watch.

k̓ɬchmncut   Morph: k̓ɬ+ch+mn+cut. to have a turn.

ncahhús   Morph: n+cah•hús. to be facing a direction.

ncahchús   Morph: n+cah•chús. to be facing s.t. or s.o.

ncahhúss   Morph: n+cah•hús•s ? to do an about-face.

ncahmncút   Morph: n+cah+mncút. to go straight (ahead).

ncahsmnwíxʷ   Morph: n+cahs+mnwíxʷ. to come face to face.

ncahhqín   Morph: n+cah•hqín. to face a direction.

nchaqs   Morph: n+chaqs. to be facing a direction.

nchaqsm   Morph: n+chaqs+m. to be facing s.t. or a certain way; to go ahead in the direction one is facing.

nccahsmnw̓íxʷ   Morph: n+c•cahs-mnw̓íxʷ. arnica; Arnica cardifolia. Lit: facing each other

ʔawsk̓ɬcah   Morph: ʔaw+s+k̓ɬ+cah. to go wait for s.o.; to waylay or stalk s.o.

ʔawsk̓ɬchám   Morph: ʔaw+s+k̓ɬ+chá+m. to go set watch.

kʔawsk̓ɬcah, k̓awsk̓ɬcah   Morph: k+ʔaw+s+k̓ɬ+cah. to go set watch. Sp √ceh(é) turn; n-cehhús he turned and faced someone; see Cm ch–aw̓s middle.

ch2   right hand.

schikst   Morph: s+chikst. right hand (facing hand?)

kchikstm   Morph: k+chikst+m. to go to the right hand side.

skchikst   Morph: s+k+chikst. right hand (side); the front leg of a deer. Sp chéčst the right hand, the right side; Cm k‑ch‑akst, skchákst right side, right hand.

ck1   skinny.

ck   skinny.

ckiwt   Morph: ckiwt. to be skinny.

ck2   mother-in-law.

ɬcick   Morph: ɬ+ci•ck. mother-in-law.

nckcklaʔxʷsxíst   Morph: nck•cklaʔxʷ+sxíst. to seek a mate. Sp ɬ-cécč mother-in-law; Cm cak female’s mother‑in‑law.

cknʔ   envious.

ckniʔ   Morph: ckniʔ. to be envious of s.o.

ckniʔm   Morph: ckniʔ+m. to be jealous of s.o.

ck̓1   rib (of body).

ck̓iɬp   Morph: ck̓iɬ. rib (of body).

ck̓ck̓iɬp   Morph: ck̓•ck̓iɬp. ribs (of body). Cm ck̓–aɬp rib. See: c̓k̓2.

ck̓2   count.

c̓k(a)   Morph: c̓k. to count; to do math; counting. Cm c̓k‑nt‑xʷ you count s.t.; Cr c̓eč count, number. See: c̓k̓2.

ck̓3   smell.

nck̓ck̓ax̌n   Morph: n+ck̓•ck̓ax̌n. the smell of an armpit.

ncik̓ck̓áx̌n   Morph: n+cik̓•ck̓áx̌n. the smell of armpits.

ck̓4   cream.

skɬck̓ap   Morph: s+kɬ+ck̓a+p ? cream. See: cq̓5.

ckʷ1   pull.

ɬckʷ   Morph: ɬ+ckʷ. to take s.t. again.

ckʷakʷ   Morph: ckʷ•akʷ. to be dragged.

ckʷckʷ   Morph: ckʷ•ckʷ. to drag several things.

ckʷcakʷ   Morph: ckʷ•c[a]kʷ. to pull repeatedly.

ckʷcakʷt   Morph: ckʷ•cakʷ+t. to be influential; to have a strong pull.

sckʷ   Morph: s+ckʷ. to drag s.t. toward here.

sckʷam   Morph: s+ckʷa+m. pulling.

sckʷaqs   Morph: s+ckʷaqs. dragged.

ckʷnwixʷ   Morph: ckʷ+nwixʷ. to pull, tug at each other.

cckʷnwíxʷ   Morph: c•ckʷ+nwíxʷ. to pull at each other a little; tug-of-war.

sckʷnwaxʷ   Morph: s+ckʷ+nwaxʷ. tug-of-war.

scckʷnwaxʷ   Morph: sc+ckʷ+nwaxʷ. tug-of-war.

ckʷmncut, ckʷckʷmncut   Morph: ckʷ+mncut, ckʷ•ckʷ+mn+cut. to pull back.

cakʷmscút, caʔkʷmscút   Morph: cakʷ+m+scút, caʔkʷ+m+scút. to be hard to get; (to play) hard to get; to show off.

ckʷaqs   Morph: ckʷaqs. to drag s.t.

ɬckʷaqs   Morph: ɬ+ckʷaqs. to drag s.t. back or again.

ckʷax̌n, ckʷckʷax̌n   Morph: ckʷax̌n, ckʷ•ckʷax̌n. to kidnap; to grab by the arm.

ckʷink   Morph: ckʷink. bow (and arrow); hunting bow.

ckʷíɬc̓aʔ   Morph: ckʷíɬc̓aʔ. to pull or drag a large object, e.g. a body.

ɬckʷíɬc̓aʔm   Morph: ɬ+ckʷíɬc̓aʔ+m. to pull back or drag back a large object, e.g. a body.

ckʷkʷíɬc̓aʔm   Morph: ckʷ•kʷíɬc̓aʔ+m. to drag game.

ckʷíɬc̓aʔm   Morph: ckʷíɬc̓aʔ+m. to take one's last breath.

ckʷcnitkʷ   Morph: ckʷcnitkʷ. to pull s.o or s.t. into or out of the water (as a canoe).

ckʷckʷlpsnwixʷ   Morph: ckʷ•ckʷlps+nwixʷ. to pull each other's neck.

caʔkʷítkʷm   Morph: caʔkʷítkʷ+m. to troll.

kckʷ   Morph: k+ckʷ. to take down s.t.

kckʷíc̓aʔ   Morph: k+ckʷíc̓aʔ. to pull a cover off; to pull the skin off (a body).

kckʷínaʔ   Morph: k+ckʷínaʔ. to pull the cover off.

kckʷckʷínaʔm   Morph: k+ckʷ•ckʷínaʔ+m. 1 • to pull the ears.

2 • to pull a cover off.

kckʷkniɬxʷ   Morph: k+ckʷkniɬxʷ. to pull s.t. out of the house.

kckʷqin   Morph: k+ckʷqin. to scalp s.o.; to pull the scalp off.

ncckʷm̓in̓   Morph: n+c•ckʷ+m̓in̓. buggy.

snckʷmin   Morph: s+n+ckʷ+min. wagon; buggy.

sncckʷm̓in̓   Morph: s+n+c•ckʷ+m̓in̓. (little) buggy.

nckʷmin   Morph: n+ckʷ+min. buggy; a team of horses.

nckʷckʷmin   Morph: n+ckʷ•ckʷ+min. a team of horses; horses dragging s.t.

nckʷmnaqs   Morph: n+ckʷ+mnaqs. wagon road(s).

nckʷcaʔkʷqínm   Morph: n+ckʷ•caʔkʷqín+m. to talk slowly.

nckʷlqsncut   Morph: n+ckʷlqsncut. shedding time (for rattlesnakes).

kɬnckʷci(n)   Morph: kɬ+n+ckʷci(n). to pry s.t. open.

nckʷckʷkʷiɬxn   Morph: n+ckʷ•ckʷ•kʷiɬxn. leg cramps.

snckʷkʷiɬxn   Morph: sn+ckʷ•kʷiɬxn. cramps in the leg or calf, from the heel up. Sp s-n-ckʷéɬšn a leg cramp, a "charlie horse."

snckʷckʷkʷiɬxn   Morph: sn+ckʷ•ckʷ•kʷiɬxn. to have cramps.

nckʷckʷiɬxn   Morph: n+ckʷ•ckʷiɬxn. muscle cramps.

nckʷckʷlpsnwíxʷ   Morph: n+ckʷ•ckʷlps. to argue.

nckʷckʷmxan   Morph: n+ckʷ•ckʷ+mxan. to drag one's feet.

nckʷcnitkʷ   Morph: nckʷcnitkʷ. to pull s.t. out of the water; to pull s.t. along the shore.

nckʷitkʷ   Morph: nckʷitkʷ. to pull s.t. from the water.

nckʷkʷcinm   Morph: n+ckʷ•kʷcin+m. to be tongue-dragged.

nckʷísk̓itm   Morph: n+ckʷísk̓it+m. to breathe with difficulty; to groan (with pain).

nckʷckʷísk̓itm   Morph: n+ckʷ•ckʷísk̓it+m. to groan.

nckʷíɬc̓aʔm   Morph: n+ckʷíɬc̓aʔ+m. to breathe one's last.

nckʷu(s)   Morph: n+ckʷus. to pull the reins.

nckʷckʷus   Morph: n+ckʷ•ckʷus. to hold back.

nckʷʔilk̓   Morph: n+ckʷʔilk̓ ? to pull tight. Ques: analysis not clear; confirm

nckʷiplps   Morph: n+ckʷiplps. a crick in the neck. Ques: also recorded as nck̓ʷipilps

k̓ɬckʷ(a)   Morph: k̓ɬ+ckʷ. to pull s.t. away; to take or pull s.t. down.

k̓ʷl̕ckʷink   Morph: k̓ʷl+ckʷink. to make a bow.

txʷɬckʷinkm   Morph: txʷ+ɬ+ckʷink+m. to obtain or get a bow. Sp √ckʷ(ú) drag, pull; hec-č-ckʷckʷéneʔ-s-t-m his ears are always being pulled (by his mother); ckʷín̓č bow; Cm ckʷ‑nt‑xʷ you pull s.t.; ckʷkʷikn̓ hunting bow; Cr cekʷ pull, drag; Sh ckʷ-um to pull; ckʷinək bow (for shooting); Th √cəkʷ pull; /ckʷin̓ek bow (and arrow); Li cəkʷ-xál to pull s.t.

ckʷ2   show up.

ckʷukʷ   Morph: ckʷ•ukʷ. to arrive after an absence; to show up.

ckʷkʷukʷ   Morph: ckʷ•kʷ•ukʷ. to arrive; to show up.

ckʷm   ckʷm in place and personal names.

kckʷmikn̓s   Morph: k+ckʷmikn̓-s ? kckʷmikn̓s (man's name).

k̓ɬcckʷmúlaʔxʷ   Morph: k̓ɬ+c•ckʷmúlaʔxʷ. k̓ɬcckʷmúlaʔxʷ (place name). Lit: little ridge land (OkB)

ck̓ʷ   stiff.

ck̓ʷmncut   Morph: ck̓ʷ+mncut. to straighten oneself.

ck̓ʷpiw̓s   Morph: ck̓ʷ+piw̓s. to be with a stiff back; to be cramped or stiff.

ck̓ʷck̓ʷpxan   Morph: ck̓ʷ•ck̓ʷ+pxan. one's legs or feet are stiff. Sh √ck̓ʷ to get better, recover, do better.

cl1   five.

cilkst   Morph: cilkst. five.

clkɬʔupnkst   Morph: clk+ɬ+ʔupnkst. fifty.

sclkstasq̓t   Morph: s+clkstasq̓t. Friday.

sclkstilxʷ   Morph: s+clkstilxʷ. five animals.

clkiwɬ   Morph: clkiwɬ. five conveyances.

ʔupnkstɬcílkst   Morph: ʔupnkst+ɬ+cílkst. fifteen.

ʔaslʔúpnkstɬcílkst   Morph: ʔasl+ʔúpnkst-ɬ+cílkst. twenty-five.

clkstíc̓aʔ   Morph: clkstíc̓aʔ. five hides or coverings of an animal.

clkstilxʷ   Morph: clkstilxʷ. five colors; five coats or hides; five fabrics.

clkspintk   Morph: clks+pintk. five years.

clkstiwl   Morph: clkstiwl. five boats, five conveyances.

clkstiwɬ   Morph: clkstiwɬ. five vessels, five boats, five conveyances.

clkstasq̓t   Morph: clkstasq̓t. Friday. Lit: fifth day

clkstiɬxʷ   Morph: clkstiɬxʷ. five houses.

clkstus   Morph: clkstus. five berries.

clkstisxn   Morph: clkstisxn. five stones.

kcilclkst   Morph: kcil•clkst. five persons; five people.

kclcilkst   Morph: kcl•cilkst. five persons, five people.

kclkstus   Morph: kclkstus. five round objects, five berries.

kaʔɬlʔupnkstɬcilkst   Morph: kaʔɬl+ʔupnkst+ɬ+cilkst. thirty-five. Sp cil five; Cm cil‑kst five; Cr cilčt five; Sh cil-kst five; Th cíykst five; Li cil-kst five.

cl2   trot.

cíclmiʔst   Morph: cí•cl+miʔst. to trot. Sp cíl-šl̕š the horse trotted (when the horse trots, it looks like it has five legs); Sh s-cal-xn-m a step.

clw̓   cílw̓iʔst (place name).

cílw̓iʔst   Morph: cílw̓iʔst ? cílw̓iʔst: unidentified locality near Okanagan, Washington.

clx̌ʷ1   points extend.

calx̌ʷ   Morph: calx̌ʷ. points extend.

kcl̕cl̕x̌ʷínaʔk   Morph: k+cl̕•cl̕x̌ʷínaʔk. round bellied ones. Sp calx̌ʷ(ú) clustered, propped up like a tripod. See: c̓lx̌ʷ.

clx̌ʷ2   pineapple weed.

ncclclx̌ʷqin   Morph: n+c•cl•clx̌ʷqin. pineapple weed.

clx̌ʷ3   youngster.

calx̌ʷán̓k   Morph: calx̌ʷán̓k. youngsters (referring to Coyote's offspring).

cly   July.

culáy   Morph: culáy. From: English July. a celebration; the 4th of July.

culáym   Morph: culáy+m. to celebrate.

ʔawsculáy   Morph: ʔaw+culáy. to go to a celebration.

cl̕   kɬcl̕iknm (place name).

kɬcl̕iknm   Morph: -cl̕íkn-m. kɬcl̕iknm (place name). Lit: B’s etym: swirling snow drifts (?) or type of bird (?).

   bull.

scuɬm   Morph: s+cuɬ+m. bull.

scɬcuɬm   Morph: s+cɬ•cuɬ+m. bulls.

scucɬmqn   Morph: s+cu•cɬ+mqn. scucɬmqn (man's name).

sccuɬmqn   Morph: s+c•cuɬ+mqn. sccuɬmqn (man's name).

ynmascúɬm, inmascúɬm   Morph: inma+s+cúɬ+m. inmascúɬm (man's name). Sp s-cúɬ-m bull; Cm s‑cuɬm bull; Cr s+cúɬ+m bull, steer.

cm1   to cover s.t. (with snow). Morph: cm.

cam   Morph: cam. to cover with snow.

cmcmpxan   Morph: cm•cm+pxan. to make tracks (in snow).

sccmíɬc̓aʔ   Morph: sc+cmíɬc̓aʔ. deer buried (in snow).

kcmínaʔ   Morph: k+cmínaʔ. to be covered with a layer (as snow); to cover with a layer (of snow).

ɬkcmínaʔ   Morph: ɬ+k+cmínaʔ. to cover s.t. with a layer again or back.

ncmap   Morph: n+cma+p. to be stuck (in snow).

ncmútaʔstm   Morph: ncmútaʔst+m. Sherman Creek. Lit: B's etym: a lot of deep snow (?) Sp √cm to stuff n-cm-n-t-és she stuffed it in (for example, snow into a tub to melt on the stove for wash water); see Sh cim-n-s to melt stg.

cm2   Jim.

cícmi   Morph: cí•c•mi. From: English Jimmy. Jimmy.

cmɬqxʷ   pearly everlasting.

cmcmɬqixʷ   Morph: cm•cmɬqíxʷ. pearly everlasting.

cm̓1   small.

ccám̓aʔt   Morph: c•cám̓+aʔ+t. some things are small; (money) change; pheasants; little birds.

cm̓ilt   Morph: cm̓ilt. to be a child.

scm̓ilt   Morph: s+cm̓ilt. child, children.

scm̓álaʔ   Morph: s+cmálaʔ. youngster.

ccm̓ilt   Morph: c•cm̓ilt. children.

ccm̓álaʔ   Morph: c•cmálaʔ. children.

sccm̓ilt, sccm̓il̕t   Morph: s+c•cm̓ilt, s+c•cm̓il̕t. children (human and animal).

sccm̓álaʔ   Morph: s+c•cmálaʔ. children. Sp s-ccm̓ él̕t children; Cm c‑cm‑alt youth; Cr s+c+cm̓ íl̕t children, offspring; Sh √*cim - cəcícm-eʔ-t cut up in small pieces; Th s/cmé[ˑm̓]iʔt (little) children; Li s.cm-al̕t children.

scmíɬc̓aʔ   Morph: s+cmíɬc̓aʔ. baby sheep.

scm̓íɬc̓aʔ   Morph: s+cm̓íɬc̓aʔ. female or young mountain sheep.

ccm̓íɬc̓aʔ   Morph: c+cm̓íɬc̓aʔ. a small body.

sccm̓íɬc̓aʔ   Morph: s+c•cm̓íɬc̓aʔ. a small, edible, animal.

sccm̓áɬaʔq   Morph: s+c•cm̓áɬaʔq. small vegetable.

sccm̓aʔy̓áʔst   Morph: s+c•cm̓aʔy̓áʔst. pellets in a cartrige (for shooting).

ccmaʔsímxʷ   Morph: c•cmaʔsímxʷ. small breast(s).

ccm̓áʕsaʔ   Morph: c•cm̓áʕsaʔ. small fish; baby fish.

ccm̓áyaʔst   Morph: c•cm̓áyaʔ+st. little pellets; small bullets.

ccm̓ísaʔxn   Morph: c•cm̓ísaʔxn. small round objects or rocks.

ccm̓us   Morph: c•cm̓us. small round things (berries, beads, eyes...)

ccm̓aʔsqílaʔxʷ   Morph: c•cm̓aʔ+s+qílaʔxʷ. small people.

kccm̓us   Morph: k+c•cm̓us. small round object(s); bead(s).

nccm̓íyaʔs   Morph: n+c•cm̓íyaʔs ? fine toothed comb.

nccm̓aʔsqílxʷtn   Morph: n+c•cm̓aʔ+s+qílxʷ+tn. mythical little people that live at kɬylikʷlxqn (Mt McKinney, east of Oliver) and will hypnotize one, stopping him right in his tracks. Sp √cim̓ tiny; č-cmʔúseʔ a bead; Cm c‑cm̓‑aʔ‑t be little, small (pl); Cr ci+cem̓eʔ; Sh cəcícm-eʔ-t cut up in tiny pieces; Th cəm small pl.; see Li s.cm-al̕t children.

cm̓2   cm̓xnalqs (woman's name).

cm̓xnalqs   Morph: cm̓xnalqs. cm̓xnalqs (Edna Jack). Lit: small dress

cm̓3   snk̓ɬcám̓wlx (place name).

snk̓ɬcám̓wlx   Morph: sn+k̓ɬ+cám̓w+lx. snk̓ɬcám̓wlx: place where a creek empties in the lake, where canoes broke up.

cm̓4   ?

cucm̓   Morph: cu•cm̓. ?

cm̓t   nccm̓útaʔstm (place name).

nccm̓útaʔstm   Morph: nc•cm̓útaʔst+m. nccm̓útaʔstm: small creek emptying into the west side of F.D.R. Lake across from the present-day Boise Cascade sawmill.

cn1   tell.

cu(n)   Morph: cu. to tell, say; to call, ask.

iʔ t cu   Morph: iʔ t cu. as one said.

ɬcu(n)   Morph: ɬ+cu. to say s.t. again to s.o.; to tell s.o. s.t.cn; talk.

scunm   Morph: s+cun+m. what one says.

scúnmaʔ   Morph: s+cúnmaʔ. account.

cnmaʔ   Morph: cnmaʔ. to teach or show s.o.

cúnmaʔ   Morph: cúnmaʔ. to be instructed; to be told how; to be shown how.

caʔcúnmaʔ   Morph: caʔ•cúnmaʔ. to show (repeatedly) s.o. how to do s.t.

cnmaʔncútn   Morph: cnmaʔ+ncút+n. training.

cnmaʔkst   Morph: cnmaʔkst. to show how.

cunmaʔkíkstm   Morph: cunmaʔ+kíkst+m. to show s.o. how to do s.t.

k̓ɬcúnmaʔtn   Morph: k̓ɬ+cúnmaʔ+tn. by way of example; for example.

k̓ɬcnmaʔíkst   Morph: k̓ɬ+cnmaʔíkst. to go through the motions.

k̓ɬcnmʔikstm   Morph: k̓ɬcnmy̓ikst+m ? to do sign language, to sign; to describe a shape with the hands; to give a hand signal.

k̓ɬcnmʔik   Morph: k̓ɬcnmʔ+ik. to use sign language.

k̓ɬcnmaʔxtwíxʷ   Morph: k̓ɬ+cnmaʔ+xtwíxʷ. to try to communicate; to try to use sign language.

nkcúnmaʔtn   Morph: n+k+cúnmaʔ+tn. s.t. used as an example.

kʔawscúnm, k̓awscúnm   Morph: k+ʔaw+s+cún+m. to go tell s.t.

ckʔawscúnm   Morph: c+k+ʔaw+s+cún+m. to come tell s.o. Cm cu(n)‑nt‑xʷ you tell s.o., say s.t.; Cr cun indicate, point, show; Sh cun-s to tell, order, invite; to want, expect, think; Th √cu(n) say / tell; Li cun to tell, order s.o. See: ct.

cn2   ringing.

can   Morph: can. a ringing sound.

cin   Morph: cin. to make a roaring sound.

cnap   Morph: cna+p. a noise; a sound.

ccnpíɬc̓aʔ   Morph: c•cn+píɬc̓aʔ. to hum.

cncntwixʷ   Morph: cn•cn+twixʷ. to talk to one another.

cncnilx   Morph: cn•cnilx. a roaring sound.

ccnpaɬq̓ʷlt   Morph: c•cn+paɬq̓ʷlt. to hum.

ncnínaʔm   Morph: n+cnínaʔ+m. to coax s.o.

ncnpíɬc̓aʔ   Morph: n+cn+píɬc̓aʔ. to hum; to chant. Sp hec-n-cnn-péɬc̓ʔe-y he's alwas singing (or humming) softly to himself.

nccnpíɬc̓aʔ   Morph: n+c•cn+píɬc̓aʔ. the humming or chanting of an Indian doctor (not to be interrupted); humming in the sweat house (belly deep humming).

nccnpíɬc̓aʕʔ   Morph: n+c+cn+píɬc̓aʔ. the humming or chanting of an Indian doctor (not to be interrupted); humming in the sweat house (belly deep humming).

nccn̓píɬc̓aʕʔ   Morph: n+c•cn̓+píɬc̓ʕaʔ. sweathouse humming (belly deep).

nccn̓paɬq̓ʷlt   Morph: n+c•cn̓+paɬq̓ʷlt. to hum.

nccnpaɬq̓ʷlt   Morph: n+c•cn+paɬq̓ʷlt. to hum. Sh √cin to sing; √cn sing, hum, whisper.

cn3   Jeanie.

ciní   Morph: ciní. From: English Jeanie. Jeanne.

cn4   cun (man's name).

cun   Morph: cun. cun (man's name).

cn5   Johnny.

caní   Morph: can. From: English Johnny. Johnny.

cn6   roll.

sncnupstn   Morph: s+ncnups+tn. a place to roll.

cnk   Chinook.

ncnukcnm   Morph: n+cnukcn+m. to talk Chinook Jargon.

cnkʷ   veneral disease.

cnukʷ   Morph: cnukʷ. veneral disease.

cnɬ   she; he.

cniɬc   Morph: cniɬ+c. he; she; that person. Sp cníɬc he; Cm cnil he, she; also qt0:cni also cniɬ; Cr cénel he, she.

cnmn   Chinaman. From: English Chinaman.

canmn   Morph: canmn. a Chinese person.

ɬcanmn   Morph: ɬ+canmn. ɬcánmən (Pete Seymour).

kcnmnaqstxn   Morph: k+cnmnaqstxn. Chinaman's trousers.

ncanmncn   Morph: n+cánmncn. the Chinese language.

ʔawsncánmncn   Morph: ʔaw+s+n+cánmncn. to go eat Chinese food.

cnmt   cnmtíc̓aʔ (man's name).

cnmtíc̓aʔ   Morph: cnmtíc̓aʔ. cnmtíc̓aʔ (man's name).

cp1   gunk.

kcpcups   Morph: k+cp•cups. to have dry gunk in the eyes.

skcpcups   Morph: s+k+cp•cups. dry matter in the eye(s). Sp hi č-cpcúp-s he has bits of dried matter on his eyelashes.

cp2   blink.

kcpsaʕm   Morph: k+cps+aʕm. to bat the eye. Sp čɬ-capús a light sleeper (especially a baby who awakens easily); Cr uˑ cápus blink.

cp3   crumbly.

cupt   Morph: cup+t. to be brittle, crumbly.

ncupcn   Morph: n+cupcn. to have s.t. brittle in one's mouth. Sp √cup crumbly; hi cúp it's linty, it's full of crumbs, it's full of chaff, it's full of cheat grass.

cpɬn   eyelash.

cpɬan   Morph: cpɬan. eyelash.

cpcpɬan   Morph: cp•cpɬan. eyelashes. Sp cpɬén̓ eyebrow; Cm cpɬay̓. See Cr uˑ cápus blink; Sh cəpɬ-úy̓e eylash; Th ɬpéy̓st; Li ɬp-al̕-s eyelashes.

cpsyʔ   chop suey.

capsúyaʔ   Morph: capsúyaʔ. From: English chop suey. chop suey.

cptkʷl   legend.

captíkʷ(l)   Morph: captikʷl. to tell a story, a legend, a myth.

captkʷlímn   Morph: captkʷl+ímn. to tell stories habitually; to like to tell stories.

sxʷcaptíkʷlm   Morph: sxʷ+captíkʷl+m. storyteller. Sh c-ptekʷɬ to tell a legendary story; Th ptekʷɬ narrate, tell a story, esp. a myth. See: cptkʷɬ.

cptkʷɬ   legend.

captíkʷɬ   Morph: captíkʷɬ. legends. See: cptkʷl.

cpx̌ʷ   break through.

cpcipx̌ʷt   Morph: cp•cipx̌ʷ+t. to break through s.t.

cpcipx̌ʷxn   Morph: cp•cipx̌ʷxn. a foot breaks through s.t.

cq1   place; put.

cq(a)   Morph: cq(a). to place s.t. down.

cqcq   Morph: cq•cq.

caq   Morph: caq. to lie on s.t.; s.t. parked (e.g. a car).

cqaq   Morph: cq•aq. to land in a location.

cqi   Morph: cqi. to put s.t. down.

cqmin   Morph: cq+min. (small) things lie.

cqikst   Morph: cqikst. to put water by the hot rocks in the sweat house.

cqink   Morph: cqink. to lie on one's back.

cqqink   Morph: cq•qink. to fall on one's back.

cqínkmiʔst   Morph: cqínk+miʔst. to come to rest on one's back; to lie belly side up.

cqqínkmiʔst   Morph: cq•qínk+miʔst. to lie on one's back; to throw oneself on the floor.

cqqcnitkʷ   Morph: cq•qcnitkʷ. to come on shore; to get to the edge of the water.

cqw̓sci   Morph: cqw̓sci. to interject. Lit: put something down in the middle of a conversation

cqw̓scinm   Morph: cqw̓scin+m. to interrupt s.o.'s talking.

scqw̓scinm   Morph: s+cqw̓scin+m. interruption in talk.

kcqiw   Morph: k+cqiw. to put s.t. out.

kcqus   Morph: k+cqus. to put s.t. on the fire; to start cooking.

kcqink   Morph: k+cqink. kcqink: high, flat area east from Redford Canyon. Lit: something sitting on top

kcqqin   Morph: k+cqqin. Nicholas Lake, formerly a good hunting area and a place to catch suckerfish. Lit: object sitting on top

sncqiwɬtn   Morph: sn+cq+iwɬ+tn. a garage.

sncqiwltn   Morph: s+n+cqiwl+tn. a boat dock.

sncqcaʔqqiwltn   Morph: s+n+cq•caʔq•qiwl+tn. an habitual parking place.

sncaʔqqtán   Morph: s+n+caʔq•q+tan. parking place.

ncqaqs   Morph: n+cqaqs. s.t. lies or rests on the road.

nccqmin   Morph: n+c•cq+min. a saucer.

nccqqús   Morph: n+c+cq•qús. to lie with one's head up.

ncqquss   Morph: n+cq•qus+s. to be face up, with one's head back.

ncqqip   Morph: n+cq•qip. to lie close to a door.

ncqqitkʷ   Morph: ncq•qitkʷ. to stop in the water.

kɬcaq   Morph: kɬ+caq. a solid, compact object lies there; to put something down (for s.o.)

kɬcq(a)   Morph: kɬ+cq(a). to place a solid, compact object on s.t.

kɬcqmin   Morph: kɬ+cq+min. a flat area on which things may be placed; hay rack; flat bed trailer; the back of a pick-up truck.

kɬcqiwɬ   Morph: kɬ+cqiwɬ. a conveyance (e.g. a boat or a car) rests there; to put or set s.t. somewhere.

kɬcqqink   Morph: -cq•qink. to fall on one’s back.

kɬccqínaʔk   Morph: kɬ+c•cqínaʔk. kɬccqínaʔk: small ridge about a mile south from kɬcliknm. Lit: object lying on small sidehill (or possibly, ridge) (?)

kɬcqqitkʷ   Morph: kɬ+cq•qitkʷ. to be on top of the water.

kɬcqus   Morph: kɬ+cqus. kɬcqus: the area known locally as "Mission Flat," on both sides of the present-day highway along the west side of F.D.R. Lake, and south from Barnaby Creek. The bench still above water is the former site of St. Joachim or "Barnabee" Mission, established in 1902. Lit: B's etym: "set on the edge"

k̓ɬcq(a)   Morph: k̓ɬ+cq. to place s.t. under s.t.

k̓ɬcqqip   Morph: k̓ɬ+cq•qip. to come up to a door (and stop).

k̓ɬncaʔqqíp   Morph: k̓ɬ+n+caʔq•qíp. to get close to the door.

k̓ɬncqqip   Morph: k̓ɬ+n+cq•qip. to arrive close to a door. Sp caq(é) put, placed, set; heɬ-n-cqús-m he placed the pot onto the stove again; cqq-mín-t-m the vehicle came to a stop alongside of him; Ka caq; Cm cq‑q‑cin to land on shore; Cr caq solid object stands upright; caq-nt-s park (... a car), put down or place ...; Sh cq-em to put, place, set (upright); s-tk-cq-us food cooking on the stove; Th √ceq lie on back; √cəq set bulk; n/cqús be boiled; Li cə́q-ən to put down a container with the opening upwards, to put it upright; n.cqús-tən (cq-ús-tən) pot.

cq2   dry.

cqʔíɬc̓aʔ   Morph: cqʔíɬc̓aʔ. to dry meat. Morph: cqʔíɬc̓aʔ+m. Sp s-cqy̓éɬc'eʔ preserved meat; meat cut in strips for drying; cqy̓éɬc̓eʔ-m she smoke-dried the meat; Cr caqíʔɬc̓eʔ broil ... lit. ... cooked by direct radiant heat; Sh s-tk-cq-us food cooking on the stove; see Li s.cqaz̓ barbecued salmon, dried and stored away.

cq3   flat woods.

ncqʷut, ncqut   Morph: n+cqut. to be in the woods; a flat timbered area; a flat area with trees; a bushy glen.

nccqut   Morph: n+c•cqut. a small flat area with trees; a small bushy glen.

ncqútm̓ist   Morph: n+cqút+m̓ist. to be in the woods on level grounds (not on a hill).

ncqútmist   Morph: n+cqút-mist. to to be in a flat wooded area.

cq4   dig.

ciq   Morph: ciq. to dig.

cíqplaʔ   Morph: cíqplaʔ. to dig around s.t.

cíqlaʔxʷm   Morph: cíqlaʔxʷ+m. to dig the earth.

kcíqnaʔ   Morph: k+cíqnaʔ. to dig for s.t.

nciqmn   Morph: n+ciq+mn. digger.

ncíqlaʔxʷ   Morph: n+cíqlaʔxʷ. to dig a hole.

k̓ɬciq   Morph: k̓ɬ+ciq. to dig.

sxʷnciqm   Morph: sxʷn+ciq+m. a grave digger. Sp ciq dig; n-cíqleʔxʷ-m he spaded; Cm ciq‑m to dig, break up earth; Sh ciq-m to dig; cíq-leʔxʷ-m to dig around in the ground; Th cíq dig.

cq5   deer horns.

cqcqalxqn   Morph: cq•cqa+lxqn. deer horns.

cq6   hawk.

cíqwyaʔ   Morph: cíqwyaʔ. hawk; digger; snake-eater; turkey buzzard.

cq7   buttercup.

ncqcqus   Morph: n+cq•cqus. buttercup.

cq8   scqitkʷ (place name).

scqitkʷ   Morph: s+cqitkʷ. scqitkʷ: Twin Lakes; two connected lakes about 8 miles south of Inchelium.

sccqcqmix   Morph: sc+cq•cq+mix. sccqcqmix: Spotted Lake.

cq̓1   hit.

cq̓a   Morph: cq̓a. to hit s.o. or s.t. with a solid object.

cq̓aq̓   Morph: cq̓•aq̓. to be hit with a solid object.

cq̓am   Morph: cq̓a+m. to hit s.o. or s.t. with a solid object; to hammer.

cq̓cq̓am   Morph: cq̓•cq̓a+m. thunder.

scq̓cq̓am   Morph: s+cq̓•cq̓a+m. thunder.

kcq̓ccq̓am   Morph: k+cq̓•c•cq̓a+m. thunder.

scq̓islp̓   Morph: s+cq̓islp̓. a tree hit by lightning.

cq̓q̓nu   Morph: cq̓•q̓+nu. to manage to hit s.t.; hit s.o. or s.t. accidentally.

cq̓nwixʷ   Morph: cq̓+nwixʷ. to hit each other.

cq̓lqʷikst   Morph: cq̓lqʷíkst. to grab or touch s.o.'s arm.

kcq̓aq̓   Morph: k+c̓q̓•aq̓. to happen to hit something (as by diving and hitting a rock).

kcq̓mniw̓s   Morph: k+cq̓+mniw̓s. to throw s.t. across.

ncq̓q̓   Morph: n+cq̓•q̓. to hit s.t.

ncq̓qintn   Morph: n+cq̓qin+tn. sledge hammer.

nccq̓qin̓tn   Morph: n+c•cq̓qín̓+tn. a small hammer.

ncq̓cq̓mist   Morph: n+cq̓•cq̓+mist. to squirm around; to flail.

ncq̓aqs   Morph: n+cq̓aqs. to hit the nose; to hit the point or end of s.t.

ncq̓q̓itkʷ   Morph: ncq̓•q̓itkʷ. to (fall and) hit the water.

ncq̓laʔxʷmíst   Morph: n+cq̓laʔxʷ+míst. to squirm around; to flail.

nccq̓ipm   Morph: n+c•cq̓ip-m. to crack nuts.

nccq̓q̓in̓k   Morph: n+c+cq̓•q̓in̓k. nccq̓q̓in̓k (place name). Sh s-cəq-cq̓-em thunderbolt. See: c̓q̓1.

cq̓2   dead muscle.

cq̓ap   Morph: cq̓a+p. without good muscle tone; dead muscle.

cq̓3   fir.

cq̓iɬp   Morph: cq̓iɬp. fir tree; Douglas fir.

cc̓q̓íɬaʔp   Morph: c•c̓q̓íɬaʔp. fir boughs; young fir tree.

ccq̓íɬaʔp   Morph: c•cq̓íɬaʔp. fir boughs; young fir tree.

kcq̓ɬpikst   Morph: k+cq̓ɬpikst. fir boughs.

kcq̓cq̓ɬpaqs   Morph: k+cq̓•cq̓ɬpaqs. kcq̓cq̓ɬpaqs (place name). Lit: Douglas fir on point

ncq̓ɬpítaʔkʷ   Morph: ncq̓ɬpítaʔkʷ. Redford Canyon. Lit: Douglas fir in a small stream

cq̓4   bow and arrow.

cq̓aln   Morph: cq̓aln. bow and arrow.

cq̓iln   Morph: cq̓iln. an arrow.

cq̓lnútyaʔ   Morph: cq̓lnútyaʔ. poorly made arrow, makeshift arrow.

sck̓ʷl̕scq̓iln   Morph: sc+k̓ʷl̕+s+cq̓iln. arrow work. Cm c̓q̓al̕n arrow, bullet; Sh cq̓-eln-m to shoot.

cq̓5   cream.

skɬcq̓ap   Morph: s+kɬ+cq̓a+p ? cream. See: ck̓4.

cqʷ1   summer.

scʔaqʷ   Morph: s+cʔaqʷ. summer.

caʔqʷqʷílx   Morph: caʔqʷ•qʷ+ílx. summer comes.

ɬcaʔqʷqʷílx   Morph: ɬ+caʔqʷ•qʷílx. summer comes again.

scaʔqʷíc̓aʔ   Morph: s+caʔqʷíc̓aʔ. summer hide.

nk̓ʷscaʔáqʷm   Morph: nk̓ʷ+s+caʔáqʷ+m. all summer.

nk̓ʷscʔaqʷm   Morph: nk̓ʷ+s+cʔaqʷ+m. one summer; all summer.

sncaʔqʷtán   Morph: sn+caʔqʷ+tán. summer place.

piʔscʔáqʷ, py̓scʔáqʷ   Morph: py̓s+cʔáqʷ. summertime. See ? Cm paaʔs+c̓aaʔk̓ʷ summer. See: ? Cm paaʔs+c̓aaʔk̓ʷ summer.

cqʷ2   stuck.

caqʷ   Morph: caqʷ. to be stuck.

ncqʷcaqʷqn   Morph: n+cqʷ•caqʷqn. s.t. is stuck on the end, point; flint glued to a(n arrow) point. Sp caqʷ stuck; Cr caqʷ insert (a long object in a tube)...

cqʷ3   larch; tamarack.

ciqʷlx   Morph: ciqʷ+lx. tamarack, hemlock, western larch.

cqʷcqʷlxínaʔ   Morph: cqʷ•cqʷ+lxínaʔ. Stranger Mountain. Lit: tamarack around edge

cqʷcqʷtiɬp   Morph: cqʷ•cqʷtiɬp. mallow ninebark.

k̓ɬcqʷlaʔxʷínk   Morph: k̓ɬ-cqʷlaʔxʷínk. Lit: tamarack on sidehill k̓ɬcqʷlaʔxʷínk: area of a low mountain situated south from the present mouth of the Colville River. Sp cáqʷ-lš; Cm ciqʷlx; Cr céqʷ+lš.

cqʷ4   whitefish.

cqʷcin   Morph: cqʷcin. whitefish.

cqʷ5   lice.

cqʷaʔlípaʔ   Morph: cqʷaʔlípaʔ. baby lice. Cr c̓+c̓óq̓ʷ+l̕ípeʔ red nit; Sh cəqʷ-cqʷeqʷl̕xkn bedbug.

cqʷ6   peel.

kcqʷalqʷ   Morph: k+cqʷalqʷ. Gram: possible misshearing for kckʷalqʷ to peel (the stem of a plant).

kcqʷcáqʷc̓aʔ   Morph: k+cqʷ•cáqʷc̓aʔ. Gram: possible misshearing for kckʷcákʷc̓aʔ bare, featherless skin.

ncqʷaʕw̓sqn   Morph: n+cqʷáʕw̓sqn. bald head.

cqʷ7   beard tongue.

kcqʷcqʷikst   Morph: k+cqʷ•cqʷikst. beard tongue. Lit: blood-red colored leaves or branches

cqʷ8   slow speech.

ncqʷcaʔqʷqínm   Morph: n+cqʷ•ca[ʔ]qʷqín+m. to slow one's words.

cq̓ʷsq̓   sage brush.

cq̓ʷasq̓l̕stn   Morph: cq̓ʷasq̓l̕stn. large sage brush.

cr1   stretch.

cart   Morph: car+t. stretched.

carm   Morph: car+m. to stretch (e.g. as sweater).

cr̓cár̓miʔst   Morph: cr̓•cár̓+miʔst. to stretch (as when waking up). Sh col-n-s to stretch (as gum, rubber). See: cart.

cr2   oozy.

cur   Morph: cur. Lit: syrup-like, oozy tall willowherb.

crcur   Morph: cr•cur. unidentified plant that grows flat on the ground in dry, sandy soil. Has light pink and white flowers clustered, and “soapy” textured leaves.

ncurkʷ   Morph: ncurkʷ. fluid thickens.

crk   hop.

carkmncút   Morph: cark+mncút. to jump around; to hop (with feet apart); to jump in one leap.

kcrkmikn̓   Morph: k+crk+mikn̓. to jump on ice. Sh cal-xn-mn-s to step out, measure in steps. Ques: k (not q)

crs   motion.

carsm   Morph: cars+m. to motion to s.o.

ɬcarsm   Morph: ɬ+cars+m. to motion again.

cr̓t   mink; fisher.

cr̓tups   Morph: cr̓tups. Mink; mink; Fisher; fisher. Cm c̓r̓t‑ups fisher {mammal} also cər̓túps.

cs1   purple aster.

ncuscscn   Morph: n+cus•cscn. purple aster.

cs2   cussqn (man’s name).

cussqn   Morph: cus•sqn. cussqn (man's name).

ct   say.

cut   Morph: cut. to say.

ɬcut   Morph: ɬ+cut. to say s.t. again.

scut   Morph: s+cut. what one says. Sp hes-cú-t-i he is saying things; Cm cút to say. Gram: This form does not reduplicate in the plural. See: cn1.

ctxʷ   house.

citxʷ   Morph: citxʷ. house, dwelling, place to live or settle.

ctcitxʷ   Morph: ct•citxʷ. houses.

ccítaʔxʷ   Morph: c•cítaʔxʷ. outhouse; toilet.

citxʷm   Morph: citxʷ+m. to make a house.

sncitxʷtn   Morph: s+n+citxʷ+tn. a camping place.

snctcitxʷtn   Morph: s+n+ct•citxʷ+tn. camping places.

ctxʷiɬxʷ   Morph: ctxʷiɬxʷ. house.

kʷlwtɬcitxʷ   Morph: kʷlwt+ɬ+citxʷ. to house sit.

k̓ʷl̕ɬcitxʷm   Morph: k̓ʷl̕+ɬ+citxʷ+m. to make or build a house.

nkʷlwtɬcitxʷ   Morph: n+kʷlwt+ɬ+citxʷ. to house-sit.

nk̓ʷcitxʷ   Morph: nk̓ʷ+citxʷ. one house(hold).

nʔamɬcítxʷ   Morph: n+ʔam+ɬ+cítxʷ. to house s.t.

nʔamtscítxʷ   Morph: n+ʔamt+s+cítxʷ. to house sit.

taʔxʷɬcítxʷ   Morph: taʔxʷ+ɬ+cítxʷ. to get a house.

nx̌aʔx̌aʔítkʷ citxʷs   Morph: n+x̌aʔ•x̌aʔítkʷ citxʷ-s. nx̌aʔx̌aʔítkʷ citxʷs: area, now inundated, located directly below the sheer rock bluff which forms the northwest end of kʷərkʷáruʔs. Lit: water-monster's dwelling Sp citxʷ house, home; Cr cétxʷdwelling, home, house, residence; Sh citxʷ house, lodging; Th cítxʷ house; Li citxʷ house.

cw1   tribe, nation.

cwilxʷ   Morph: cwilxʷ. a nation; a people.

sncwip   Morph: sn+cwip. lineage; descendents; generations to come.

nk̓ʷcwilxʷtn   Morph: nk̓ʷ+cwilxʷ+tn. one group.

kcwisxn   Morph: k+cwisxn. kcwisxn (place name). Lit: (possibly) structure on rock

nk̓ʷncwilxtn   Morph: nk̓ʷ+n+cw+ilx+tn. one tribe; one group of people.

nk̓ʷncwilxʷtn   Morph: nk̓ʷ+n+cwilxʷ+tn. a homogeneous group.

xʷaʔɬcwilxʷtn   Morph: xʷaʔ+ɬ+cwilxʷ+tn. many tribes.

yaʕɬcwílxʷtn   Morph: yaʕ+ɬ+cwílxʷ+tn. the entire world; all the tribes.

yaʕ̓ɬcwílxʷtn   Morph: yaʕ̓+ɬ+cwílxʷ+tn. the whole world. Cr cegʷ behave, character (to have...); Sh x-cw-um to hint, suggest to...

cw2   repeat.

cw̓cw̓ikst   Morph: cw̓•cw̓ikst. to mock; to copy; to imitate in song; to do the same thing as s.o.

ncaw̓cín   Morph: n+caw̓cín. to repeat s.t.

ncwcin, ncw̓cin   Morph: n+cw̓cin. 1 • to repeat s.t.

2 • to sing after s.o.

ncw̓cw̓cin   Morph: n+cw̓•cw̓cin. to repeat s.t.; to imitate or mock s.o.

ncwcwiks, ncw̓cw̓iks   Morph: n+cw•cwíks. to mimic what s.o. does; to do the same thing; to imitate s.o.

kɬcwcin   Morph: kɬ+cwcin. what one likes to hear; one's good word; to repeat s.t. Sp n-cew̓cí-n̓ I repeated what he said, mockingly; n-cuʔcuʔcí-s he imitated how that person spoke, he imitated that person's voice; n-cuʔcuʔéčs-i-s he imitated that person's every action; hec-n-cu-cuečst-n I usually mock his behavior; Cr hn+cugʷ+cugʷíč+s-nt-s copy, emulate, imitate ... lit. He imitated him.

cw3   quest.

cwncut   Morph: s+cw+ncut. to go on a spirit quest; to prepare oneself.

scwncut   Morph: s+cw+ncut. a person preparing to go on a spirit quest; a person training (to go on a spirit quest).

scwnstilt   Morph: s+cw+nstílt. to prepare for a sacred experience, a quest.

scwnstiltm   Morph: s+cwn+stilt+m. a youngster goes on a quest.

wy̓scwncut   Morph: wy̓+s+cuʔ+ncút. finish one's spiritual training. Cm cw‑ncut spiritual training. See: cwt2.

cw4   great great grandparent.

cwmin   Morph: cw+mín. great great grandparent.

cw5   cover.

kcwínaʔ   Morph: k+cwínaʔ. to put a cover on s.t.

k̓ɬcaw   Morph: k̓ɬ+caw. to be under a cover.

cw6   cwcwalqs (woman's name).

cwcwalqs   Morph: cw•cwalqs. cwcwalqs (woman's name).

cw7   cwcwasq̓t (man's name).

cwcwasq̓t   Morph: cw•cwasq̓t. cwcwasq̓t (man's name).

cwl   visit.

kcwil   Morph: k+cwil. 1 • to stop by and visit.

2 • to give a visitor s.t. to eat.

cwn   talk.

ncwnánaʔ   Morph: n+cwnánaʔ ? to talk to s.o.

cwt1   way how.

cawt   Morph: cawt. the way one does s.t.; doing; the way s.t. goes; the way s.t. happens to s.o.

cwcawt   Morph: cw•cawt. the way of doing things; deed; custom.

cw̓tikxt   Morph: cw̓+tikxt. the way one treats s.o.

kcwtik   Morph: k+cwtik. how to do s.t.

kcwtikxt   Morph: k+cwtikxt. do s.t. with s.t. or s.o.

kɬcawt   Morph: kɬ+cawt. 1 • do s.t. worthwhile, conducive to well-being; s.t. extraordinary.

2 • to overdo s.t.; to do s.t. wrong; to be unwell.

skɬcawt   Morph: s+kɬ+cawt. effort.

skcwtikst   Morph: s+k+cwtikst. the way one is treated.

ncawtcístm   Morph: n+cawtcí+st+m ? what one has done.

k̓ɬcuwtn   Morph: k̓ɬ+cuwt+n ? proper behavior.

x̌sɬcáw̓aʔt   Morph: x̌s+ɬ+cáw̓aʔt. good ways. Sp hin-cút my actions; √cut to act in a certain way; Cr cegʷ+t behave, character...; Sh cuwət what one does; Th √cəw do / make.

cwt2   guide.

cutn   Morph: cwt+n. one's guiding spirit. See: cw3.

cwx   creek.

cwix   Morph: cwix. a creek.

ccw̓íxaʔ   Morph: c•cw̓íxaʔ. little creek.

cw̓cw̓íxaʔ   Morph: cw̓•cw̓íxaʔ. Hedley. Lit: little creeks

ncaʔlím cwix   Morph: n+caʔlím cwix. ncaʔlím cwix: Hall Creek. Sp cwéš a big creek; ccw̓éšeʔ a small creek; Cm c-cw̓ax-aʔ; Sh cwex creek; Th /cwew̓xʷ a little creek that runs all the time; Li s.cwá•w̓x creek, little river.

cwy   cwaylx (man's name).

cwaylx   Morph: cway+lx. cwaylx (man's name).

cw̓   struggle.

cw̓caw̓t   Morph: cw̓•caw̓+t. to have a hard time with s.t. or s.o.; to struggle with s.t. or s.o.

cw̓l   ncw̓link (man’s name).

ncw̓link   Morph: n+cw̓link. ncw̓link (the name of one of Coyote’s sons). Lit: etymologies offered: cat face on a tree; fire burns on one side of tree.

cx   warm.

cix   Morph: cix. to warm s.t.

cʔix   Morph: c[ʔ]ix. to get warm.

scʔix   Morph: s+c[ʔ]ix. warmth; fever.

ciʔíx   Morph: ci[ʔ]íx. to get warm.

sciʔíx   Morph: s+ci[ʔ]íx. heat.

cicxm   Morph: ci•cx+m. to be alive. Lit: to be warm

cixst   Morph: cix+st. to warm oneself.

cixpw̓sqn   Morph: cix+pw̓sqn. warm lips.

kcaʔxísxn   Morph: k+ca[ʔ]xísxn. a rock, a stove, an iron gets warm (and glows).

kcixsx   Morph: k+cixsx. to warm a rock-like object (for ironing clothes).

ncix   Morph: ncix. warm water, liquid.

ncʔix   Morph: nc[ʔ]ix. liquid is getting warm; an enclosure is getting warm.

ncixmn   Morph: ncix+mn. water heater.

ncaʔxáw̓sqn   Morph: n+ca[ʔ]xáw̓sqn. the top of the head gets warm.

ncaʔxúlaʔxʷ   Morph: n+ca[ʔ]xúlaʔxʷ. the ground is getting warm.

sncixɬk̓ámqstn   Morph: sn+cix+ɬ+k̓ámqs+tn. microwave oven; leftovers warmer. Lit: Left-overs warmer. Cm na‑cix water gets warm; Cr ciš heated, hot, long, tall. See: cix.

cxʷ1   tired.

cʔaxʷ   Morph: c[ʔ]axʷ. to be tired.

ncaʔxʷínk   Morph: n+ca[ʔ]xʷínk. one's stomach gets tired or sickened.

ncaʔxʷús   Morph: n+caʔxʷús. to sicken of s.t. or s.o.

k̓ɬcaʔxʷínk   Morph: k̓ɬ+caʔxʷínk. stomach muscles are tired.

caʔxʷsc̓ím   Morph: caʔxʷ+s+c̓ím. to be tired in the bones.

caʔcaʔxʷsc̓ím   Morph: caʔ•caʔxʷ+s+c̓ím. to be tired in the bones.

sncaʔcaʔxʷsc̓ím   Morph: s+n+caʔ•caʔxʷ+s+c̓ím. to be weak boned. Sp cexʷ to feel vaguely ill...; čn č-seʔxʷéčst my arm got tired; čn č-seʔxʷšín my leg got tired; Cm caʔxʷ to ache from fever; to feel bad physically.

cxʷ2   pet.

cxʷ(a)   Morph: cxʷ. to pet (a child); to favor (a child); to treat s.o. well; to fuss over s.o.

scaxʷ   Morph: s+caxʷ. affection.

cxʷiltm   Morph: cxʷilt+m. to make over a child, to hold a child.

ʔawscxʷílt   Morph: ʔaw+s+cxʷílt. to go hold a baby. Cm cuxʷ-nt-xʷ you pet, caress s.o.; Cr cexʷ.

cxʷ3   pull apart.

ncxʷiw̓s   Morph: n+cxʷiw̓s. to pull things apart.

cxʷ4   ncxʷmalqʷ (place name).

ncxʷmalqʷ   Morph: ncxʷ+malqʷ. ncxʷmalqʷ (place name). Lit: water flows through timber

ncxʷmálaʔqʷ   Morph: ncxʷ+málaʔqʷ. ncxʷmálaʔqʷ (place name). Lit: diminutive of "water flows through timber"

cxʷʔ   fool.

cíxʷaʔ   Morph: cíxʷaʔ. to fool s.o.; to cheat s.o.; be fooled.

kcxʷʔúsaʔm   Morph: k+cxʷʔúsaʔ+m. to be fooled.

cx̌1   hot.

cix̌cx̌t   Morph: cix̌•cx̌+t. to be very hot.

scix̌cx̌t   Morph: s+cix̌•cx̌+t. heat.

ncix̌x̌tm   Morph: ncix̌•x̌+t+m. to warm (a liquid).

ncix̌cx̌tkʷ   Morph: ncix̌•cx̌tkʷ. hot liquid.

cíx̌cx̌laʔxʷ   Morph: cíx̌•cx̌laʔxʷ. a hot or warm place.

ncaʔx̌úlaʔxʷ   Morph: n+ca[ʔ]x̌úlaʔxʷ. the weather gets hot.

sncaʔx̌úlaʔxʷ   Morph: s+n+ca[ʔ]x̌úlaʔxʷ. hot weather. Cm cəx̌ bright red; ʔal‑cx̌ to make s.t. hot again. See also čix‑nt‑xʷ you warm s.t. up [food or object].

cx̌2   red.

cax̌   Morph: cax̌. blood red.

caʔx̌ús   Morph: caʔx̌ús. red face(d).

ncax̌lxʷ   Morph: n+cax̌lxʷ. a reddish yellow horse; a brown horse.

kɬcax̌lxʷ   Morph: kɬ+cax̌lxʷ. a horse of a bright color; a buckskin colored horse. Cm cəx̌ bright red.

cx̌3   notice (?)

kcx̌mncut   Morph: k+cx̌+mncut. to put oneself ahead of others; to want to be taken notice of.

cx̌4   sprain.

cix̌x̌w̓s   Morph: cix̌•x̌w̓s. sprained back. Sp √cix̌ pulled muscle, sprain, strain.

cx̌5   nettles.

sccix̌nt, sccix̌n̓t   Morph: s+c•cix̌+nt. stinging nettle. See Sp c̓c̓áx̌iʔɬp stinging nettles; Cm cx̌cx̌nw̓al̕n̓ stinging nettles.

cx̌ʷ1   store.

cx̌ʷ(a)   Morph: cx̌ʷ. to store, stock, save s.t.

cx̌ʷap   Morph: cx̌ʷa+p. to have s.t. saved, stored; saved up things.

k̓ɬcx̌ʷncut   Morph: k̓ɬ+cx̌ʷ+ncut. to stock up; be well stocked; to prepare by stocking necessities.

k̓ɬccx̌ʷncut   Morph: k̓ɬ+c•cx̌ʷ+ncut. s.t. is in stock. Sp cax̌ʷ to round up or herd livestock; Cr cax̌ʷ accumulate.

cx̌ʷ2   scratchy.

cx̌ʷix̌ʷ   Morph: cx̌ʷ•ix̌ʷ. to be rough. Cm (?) čix̌ʷ‑nt‑xʷ you scratch s.o.

cx̌ʷ3   slate rocks.

scix̌ʷ   Morph: scix̌ʷ. slate rocks.

cx̌ʷɬ   scix̌ʷɬkʷ (place name).

scix̌ʷɬkʷ   Morph: s+cix̌ʷɬkʷ. scix̌ʷɬkʷ (place name). Lit: swift water Cr s+céx̌ʷ[t]kʷeʔ Spokane Falls, Spokane, Wash.; Sh √cix̌ʷ - k̓ʷəɬ-cəx̌ʷ-cix̌ʷ waterfall; Th √cəx̌ʷ drip, flow; Li cíx̌ʷ-əx̌ʷ to stream down (liquid).

cy   caylx (man’s name).

caylx, cay̓lx   Morph: cay̓lx. cay̓lx (man's name).

cypʔ   scáypaʔtn (Westbank).

scáypaʔtn   Morph: s+cáypaʔ+tn ? scáypaʔtn (Westbank).

cy̓   attack.

cy̓ilx   Morph: cy̓ilx. to attack.

1   bathe.

caʕlx   Morph: caʕ+lx. to bathe.

cacáʕlx   Morph: ca•cáʕ+lx. to bathe.

caʕcáʕlx   Morph: caʕ•cáʕ+lx. several bathe.

caʕlxst   Morph: caʕ+lx+st. to bathe s.o.; to give s.o. a bath.

sncaʕcáʕlxtn   Morph: sn+caʕ•cáʕ+lx+tn. bath tub; swimming place.

wy̓scaʕlx   Morph: wy̓+s+caʕ+lx. to finish bathing. See: cʕʷ1.

2   holler.

cacacáʕ   Morph: caʕ•caʕ•cáʕ. to holler.

cacaʕcáʕ   Morph: ca•caʕ•cáʕ. continuous crying, hollering.

caʕcaʕcáʕ   Morph: caʕ•caʕ•cáʕ. to holler. Sp cácácá wailing sound, sound of a tantrum of pitiful crying; caʕ cry; Cm caḥcaḥápm to scream; Cr caʕ scream, shriek; Sh cʕ-ep-m to cry (for sorrow); Th √cəʕ̓ ? scream; see Li √caw̓ to make a lot of noise. See: cʕy.

3   digit.

scaʕíkst   Morph: s+caʕíkst. fingers. Lit: hand fringe

scaʕʕíkst   Morph: s+caʕ•ʕíkst. fingers. Lit: hand fringe

scaʕʕxán   Morph: s+caʕ•ʕxán. toes. Sp s-cowáčst, s-cowéčst finger; Cm s-cʕʷ-ʕʷ-akšt fingers; Cr s+c+céw̓+tmšqn̓čt finger (little or fourth).

4   cut.

caʕ   Morph: caʕ. to cut against the grain.

scaʕcáʕ   Morph: s+caʕ•cáʕ. meat cut against the grain.

5   add.

kcaʕs   Morph: k+caʕs. to add s.t.

6   tallow.

scacáʕ   Morph: s+ca•cáʕ. tallow, strips of blubber.

cʕcp   scaʕcúp (place name).

scaʕcúp   Morph: s+caʕcúp ? scaʕcúp (place name).

cʕk   click.

caʕk   Morph: caʕk. to make a clicking sound.

cʕm   poke.

cmaʕm   Morph: cmaʕ+m. to poke s.t. or s.o.

cʕm̓   break.

cm̓caʕm̓   Morph: cm̓•caʕm̓. to break s.t. fragile.

ncaʕm̓p   Morph: n+caʕm̓+p. a fragile object breaks (as egg). Sp hi cóm̓ the sound of an egg being smashed; the sound of a dropped egg as it hits the floor.

cʕn   ringing.

caʕn   Morph: caʕn. a ringing noise; to ring.

cnaʕp   Morph: cnaʕ+p. a ringing noise; a vibration.

cʕqʷ   naked.

kcqʷcíʕqʷc̓aʔ   Morph: k+cqʷ•cíʕqʷc̓aʔ. raw, featherless, naked body.

cʕs1   object lies.

caʕs   Morph: caʕs. a large object lies.

k̓ɬcaʕs   Morph: k̓ɬ+caʕs. to place long objects under s.t.

cʕs2   break.

cáʕsmist   Morph: cáʕs+mist. to break into many pieces.

cʕs3   rattle.

caʕs   Morph: caʕs. a rattle.

scaʕskst   Morph: s+caʕskst. a rattle.

caʕsmcáʕs   Morph: caʕs+m+cáʕs ? catchfly. Lit: rattling noise See Sp s-cosleʔ deer hoof rattle; see Cm c’uus-kšt-(t)n hand rattle, baby’s rattle; Cr cus to rattle (e.g. snake).

cʕs4   shale rock.

scaʕsxn   Morph: s+caʕsxn. shale rock; rock slide. Sp n-s-cósleʔxʷ the place of many loose shale rocks; s-n̓-s-cósl̕ where big rocks slip and slide....

cʕsnt   stars.

sccaʕsnt   Morph: s+c•caʕsnt. little stars.

scc̓aʕsnt   Morph: sc+c̓aʕsnt. Coyote's way of referring to the stars. See: cʕʷsnt.

cʕtl   mythical bird.

caʕtlmxʷ   Morph: caʕtlmxʷ ? mythical animal, condor-like bird that inhabits Mt Fisher, near Cranbrook. These birds leave a brown / yellow trail over whatever they fly. They are also referred to as death birds. A strip of ground, wide as their wingspan, turns yellow or brown as they fly over it. They also bring cold weather.

cʕy   cry.

cacáʕymn   Morph: ca•cáʕy+mn. to cry.

cacáʕypm   Morph: ca•cáʕy+p+m. to cry out, bawl, scream.

caʕcáʕypm   Morph: caʕ•cáʕy+p+m. to cry.

cacaʕcáʕypm   Morph: ca•caʕ•cáʕy+p+m. to cry.

caʕcaʕpmáɬq   Morph: caʕ•caʕ+p+maɬq. to make s.o. cry. See: 2.

cʕyc   Kettle Falls.

scáʕycup   Morph: s+cáʕycup ? scáʕycup (place name). Lit: small springs of water along the bank (?)

scʕaycwp, scʕáycup   Morph: s+cʕaycwp ? scʕáycup: old Kettle Falls.

scʕicwp   Morph: s+cʕaycwp ? scʕicwp: old Kettle Falls.

cʕʷ1   bathe.

caʕʷlx   Morph: caʕʷ+lx. to bathe.

cwcaʕʷlx   Morph: cw•caʕʷ+lx. to bathe.

scaʕʷlx   Morph: s+caʕʷ+lx. bathing.

caʕʷlxímn   Morph: caʕʷ+lx+ímn. to bathe often; to like to bathe.

sncaʕʷlxtn   Morph: s+n+caʕʷlx+tn. 1 • bathtub; bathroom.

2 • səncáʕʷlxtən: site where black bears used to make ponds in the springs and wallow in them.

wy̓scaʕʷlx   Morph: wy̓+s+caʕʷ+lx. to finish bathing; to have finished bathing.

ʔawscáʕʷlx   Morph: ʔaw+s+cáʕʷ+lx. to go bathe.

kʔawscáʕʷlx, k̓awscáʕʷlx   Morph: k+ʔaw+s+cáʕʷ+lx. to go swimming, to go bathing. The northern Ok root is √caʕ, with a not uncommon unrounded counterpart. Sp √caw (caʕʷ); Cm ciʕʷ‑lx. See: 1.

cʕʷ2   fringed; feathered.

cwcʕʷax̌n   Morph: cw•cʕʷax̌n. fringe on the arms; pharyngeal symbol.

scʕʷikst   Morph: s+cʕʷikst. fingers. Lit: hand fringe Sp s-cowáčst, s-cowéčst finger; Cm s-cʕʷ-ʕʷ-akšt fingers; Cr s+c+céw̓+tmšqn̓čt finger (little or fourth); see Sh s-cuʕʷ stripe; Th √cúʕʷ striped; Li s.cuʕʷ stripe.

scʕʷxan   Morph: s+cʕʷxan. toes. Lit: foot fringe

kcwaʕqstxn   Morph: k+cwaʕqstxn. fringed chaps.

kcwcwaʕqstxn   Morph: k+cw•cwaʕqstxn. to wear chaps; fringed chaps.

kcwcʕʷax̌n, kcʕʷcʕʷax̌n   Morph: k+cw•cʕʷax̌n. fringe on the sleeve. Sp √co (coʔ) (coʕʷ) (caw) fringed; Cm s‑cʕʷ‑ʕʷ fringe; Cr caʕʷ fringe; cugʷ feathered. See: kcwcʕʷáx̌n; kcʕʷcʕʷax̌n; cwcʕʷax̌n.

cʕʷsnt   stars.

sc̓c̓uʕʷsnt   Morph: s+c̓•c̓uʕʷsnt. little stars (in narratives, a form attributed to Coyote). See: cʕsnt.

1   hit; punch.

caʔ   Morph: caʔ. to hit with the fist; to punch s.o.

cʔam   Morph: cʔa+m. to hit with a fist; to punch.

caʔnwíxʷ   Morph: caʔ+nwíxʷ. to punch each other; to box; to fight.

ccaʔnwíxʷ   Morph: c•caʔ+nwíxʷ. to punch each other for fun; to box for fun; to fight for fun.

sxʷcaʔnwíxʷ   Morph: sxʷcaʔ+nwíxʷ. boxer; pugilist.

ciʔílx   Morph: ciʔílx. to attack.

cʔilsx   Morph: cʔilsx. to punch s.o. on the forehead.

cʔus   Morph: cʔus. to punch s.o. in the eye.

kcaʔcaʔálqʷm   Morph: k+caʔ•caʔálqʷ+m. to knock on the pole (more than once).

kcaʔqín   Morph: k+caʔqín. to hit s.o. with a fist on the head; to beat s.o. up.

kcaʔqníl   Morph: k+caʔqníl. to hit s.o. in the groin.

kcaʔqnlcút   Morph: k+caʔqnl+cút. to hit oneself in the groin.

ncaʔlím   Morph: n+caʔlím. Lit: water hitting against something Inchelium; the area of Hall Creek ... sometimes used with reference to the modern village known as "Inchelium".

ncaʔlím cwix   Morph: n+caʔlím cwix. ncaʔlím cwix: Hall Creek.

ncaʔlqsíkstm   Morph: n+caʔlqsíkst+m. to elbow s.o. (more than once).

ncʔus   Morph: n+cʔus. to punch s.o. in the eye.

ncaʔús   Morph: n+caʔús. to punch s.o. in the eye.

kɬcʔilsxn   Morph: kɬ+cʔilsxn. to punch s.o. on the forehead.

k̓ɬcʔípaʔs   Morph: k̓ɬ+cʔípaʔs. to hit s.o. on the chin.

k̓ɬncaʔíp   Morph: k̓ɬ+n+caʔíp. to knock on the door (more than once); to pound on the door.

k̓ɬnciʔíp   Morph: k̓ɬ+n+ciʔíp. to knock on the door.

ɬk̓ɬnciʔíp   Morph: ɬ+k̓ɬ+n+ciʔíp. to knock on the door again. Sp √cu(ú) hit. punch; Cm cuw̓‑nt‑xʷ you punch s.o.; k̓ɬncw̓apm knock; Cr cuw̓ punch; Sh cʔ-um to hit, strike.

2   quit.

ciʔ   Morph: ciʔ. leave s.t. or s.o. alone; to quit s.t.

kciʔ   Morph: k+ciʔ. to leave s.t. or s.o. alone. Sp l-cíʔ-s-kʷ leave it there (sg.)!; l-ciʔs-t-xʷ you left it alone; Cm ciʔ (right) here; stop!

3   sibling.

cacʔíliʔs   Morph: ca•cʔíliʔs. younger brothers; little brothers.

caʔcʔíliʔs   Morph: caʔ•cʔíliʔs. to be brothers.

sncaʔcʔíliʔs   Morph: s+n+caʔ•cʔíliʔs. brothers.

ɬcaʔcʔúps   Morph: ɬ+caʔ•cʔúps. younger sisters, cousins.

scaʔpsíw̓s   Morph: s+caʔpsíw̓s. two sisters. Lit: sister with another Sp cuʔpséw̓s they're two younger sisters.

ɬccʔups   Morph: ɬ+c•cʔups. man or woman’s younger sister or cousin. Sp √cʔ, ɬ-ccʔúps sister (younger), cousin (younger); see Cr c+cíy̓eʔ sister (a woman's younger...); Th /ʔép [address form, voc.] thou, you; /əéc polite address for younger sister, sister-in-law, female cousin(-in-law), for any younger girl or woman. See: sn1; cʔps.

4   hand; front leg.

scʔikst   Morph: s+cʔikst. a hand made into a fist; a front leg; a right hand. See: c̓ʔ3.

cʔl   Inchelium.

sncaʔlíx   Morph: sn+caʔlíx. person from Inchelium; subgroup of Colville on west side of Columbia between Rogers Bar and Kettle Falls.

nsncaʔlíxʷ   Morph: n+s+n+caʔlí+xʷ. Inchelium people.

k̓ʷímaɬ ncaʔlíʔm   Morph: k̓ʷímaɬ ncaʔlíʔ+m. (West) Stranger Creek.

cʔps   sister.

caʔpsíw̓s   Morph: caʔpsíw̓s.

caʔpsíliʔs   Morph: caʔpsíliʔs. several sisters; two (or more) sisters; to be sisters. Sp cuʔpséw̓s they're two younger sisters; Sp cuʔpsél̕is more than two sisters; Cm cay̓‑aʔ female’s younger sister; Cr c+cíy̓eʔ ... a woman's younger sister; Sh céce younger sister; Th céc younger sister... See: 3; ʔpʔ.