ʕ

ʕc1   tie.

ʕac   Morph: ʕac. to be tied; to tie s.t.

ʕacʕac   Morph: ʕac•ʕac. to tie s.t. (pl).

ʕacc   Morph: ʕac•c. to be tied.

ʕacʕacác   Morph: ʕac•ʕac•ác. to be tangled in knots.

ʕacmín   Morph: ʕac+mín. a tying place.

ʕacpnú   Morph: ʕac+p+nu. to manage to tie s.t.

ʕaʕaccnítkʷ   Morph: ʕa•ʕaccnítkʷ. to get s.t. tied on the shore.

ʕacálqʷ   Morph: ʕacálqʷ+m. to tie logs.

ʕaccmútyaʔ   Morph: ʕac•c+mútyaʔ. to be tied haphazardly.

ʕacʕacmútyaʔst   Morph: ʕac•ʕac+mútyaʔ+st. to tie s.t. in knots.

ʕaccnítkʷ   Morph: ʕaccnítkʷ. s.t. tied at the shore.

ʕacíw̓stn   Morph: ʕacíw̓s+tn. s.t. to tie s.t. with.

ʕaclaʔxʷsqáx̌aʔm   Morph: ʕaclaʔxʷsqáx̌aʔ+m. to stake a horse.

ʕacpíyn   Morph: ʕac+píyn. to catch in a trap; one's catch.

ʕacʕacpíyn   Morph: ʕac•ʕac+píyn. to catch an animal in a trap.

ʕacsqáx̌aʔtn   Morph: ʕacsqáx̌aʔ+tn. reins. Sp č̕ɬ-ʕac-paʔsqáx̌eʔ-tn reins, guiding lines.

ʕacʕaccníwɬ   Morph: ʕac•ʕaccníwɬ. to tie a boat.

ʕacʕácxn   Morph: ʕac•ʕácxn. to tie one's feet.

ʕaccqnmnwíxʷ   Morph: ʕac•cqn+mnwíxʷ. to go head to head in a fight.

sʕacílkst   Morph: s+ʕacílkst. a cape.

nʕacʕac   Morph: n+ʕac•ʕac. to tie s.t. inside.

snʕaccíw̓s   Morph: sn+ʕac•cíw̓s. a bone with joints.

snʕaccsíliʔs   Morph: sn+ʕac•csíliʔs. joints.

nʕacínk   Morph: n+ʕacínk. to tie s.t. to s.t.

nʕacqí(n)   Morph: n+ʕacqín. to tie s.t. at an end.

nʕacqníɬxʷm   Morph: n+ʕacqníɬxʷ+m. to tie s.t. to the top of the house.

snʕacqáx̌aʔtn   Morph: s+n+ʕacqáx̌aʔ+tn. corral.

snʕacsíw̓s   Morph: sn+ʕacsíw̓s. joint.

snʕacʕacsíliʔs   Morph: sn+ʕac•ʕacsíliʔs. joints.

nʕacús   Morph: n+ʕacús. to set a trap for s.o.

snʕacús   Morph: s+n+ʕacús. a trap; a snare. Sp s-n-ʕacús a large trap for large animals; Cm nḥcusm trap animals; Sh ʕec to tie up; Th √ʕac tangle; Li ʕə́ˑʕ̓c-ep to get caught in a trap.

nʕacúsm   Morph: n+ʕacús+m. to lay a trap; to trap.

snʕacúsm   Morph: s+n+ʕacús+m. to trap; trapping.

nʕacústn   Morph: n+ʕacús+tn. a trap.

snʕacʕacínaʔ   Morph: s+n+ʕac•ʕacínaʔ. earrings. Sp s-n-ʕacʕacéneʔ earrings; Cm s‑n‑ḥc‑anaʔ earring; Cr hn+ʕac+ʕacineʔ earrings.

nʕacʕacínaʔm   Morph: n+ʕac•ʕacínaʔ+m. to make earrings.

nʕ̓aʔcm̓ín̓   Morph: n+ʕ̓aʔc+m̓ín̓. nʕ̓aʔcm̓ín̓ (Deadman Creek). Lit: place for tying things up

kɬʕaccí   Morph: kɬ+ʕaccí. to tie s.t. around the neck.

sk̓ɬʕaccín   Morph: s+k̓ɬ+ʕaccín. a necktie.

k̓ɬʕaccníks   Morph: k̓ɬ+ʕaccníks. to tie s.t. around the wrist.

k̓ɬʕacmín   Morph: k̓ɬ+ʕac+mín. fishing line; trolling line.

ʔawsʕac(á)   Morph: ʔaw+s+ʕac(á). to go tie s.t.

snʕacínas x̌áʕx̌aʕ   Morph: s+n+ʕacínaʔ-s x̌áʕ•x̌aʕ. long flowered mertensia.

ʕc2   k+ʕc.

kʕac   Morph: k+ʕac. to tie s.t.; to pack s.t.; to pack a horse; horse packing.

ɬckʕac   Morph: ɬ+c+k+ʕac. to tie s.t. again.

skʕacám   Morph: s+k+ʕacá+m. packing.

skʕacíw̓s   Morph: s+k+ʕacíw̓s. 1 • Sunday; flag.

2 • week. Sp s-č-ʕacéw̓s Sunday; Cm stḥacáw̓s Sunday; Cr t+ʕec–íw̓es Sunday (lit. flag day).

kʕacíw̓s   Morph: k+ʕacíw̓s. to tie s.t. around the neck; to hang s.o. or s.t. up.

sxʷkʕacíw̓sm   Morph: sxʷk+ʕacíw̓s+m. a hangman.

kʕacʕac   Morph: k+ʕac•ʕac. to tie s.t.

kʕácc̓aʔ   Morph: k+ʕácc̓aʔ. to tie a bundle.

kʕacíc̓aʔ   Morph: k+ʕacíc̓aʔ. to tie a bundle.

kʕacʕacíc̓aʔ   Morph: k+ʕac•ʕacíc̓aʔ. to tie s.t. in a bundle.

kʕacíc̓aʔtn   Morph: k+ʕacíc̓aʔ+tn. tied bunches or bundles.

kʕacíkn̓   Morph: k+ʕacíkn̓. to bundle, bale, pack; to tie a bundle.

kʕacʕacíkn̓   Morph: k+ʕac•ʕacíkn̓. bundles.

kʕackn̓lscút   Morph: k+ʕackn̓lscút. to tie s.t. in bundles.

kʕacálqʷ   Morph: k+ʕacálqʷ. to tie s.t. to a post.

kʕacʕaccíplaʔ   Morph: k+ʕac•ʕac•cíplaʔ. to tie s.t. on a stick.

kʕacqáx̌aʔm   Morph: k+ʕacqáx̌aʔ+m. to tie s.t. to a horse; to harness a horse.

skʕacqáx̌aʔ   Morph: s+k+ʕacqáx̌aʔ. s.t. tied onto a horse.

sxʷkʕacqáx̌aʔm   Morph: sxʷk+ʕacqáx̌aʔ+m. a packer.

sxʷkʕacsqáx̌aʔm   Morph: sxʷk+ʕacsqáx̌aʔ+m. horse packer.

skʕacʕacqínxn   Morph: s+k+ʕac•ʕacqínxn. loin cloth; leggings.

kʕacʕacmnálqʷm   Morph: k+ʕac•ʕac+mnálqʷ+m. to tie s.t. or s.o. onto a pole. Sp ʕac(í) to tie; Cm ḥac‑ɬt‑xʷ you tie s.t. of s.o.’s; nḥcusm trap animals; Sh ʕec to tie up, knit (nets); Th √ʕac tangle; Li ʕə́c-ən to tie s.t}.

ʕc3   Geyer's lomatium.

nʕ̓aʔcáqs   Morph: n+ʕ̓aʔcáqs ? Geyer's lomatium.

ʕc4   Lakes, Dolly Varden.

ʕickst   Morph: ʕickst. ʕickst: salmon; Dolly Varden.

snʕickstx   Morph: s+n+ʕickstx. Lakes country; Lakes Indians; people from the North Half.

ʕc̓1   look.

ʕac̓   Morph: ʕac̓. to look at s.t.

ʕ̓ac̓   Morph: ʕ̓ac̓c̓. to look at s.t. or s.o.

scʕ̓ac̓   Morph: sc+ʕ̓ac̓. looks.

ʕac̓ʕác̓   Morph: ʕac̓•ʕác̓. to look at s.t.

scʕaʕác̓   Morph: sc+ʕa•ʕác̓. a book.

scʕ̓aʕ̓ác̓   Morph: sc+ʕ̓a•ʕ̓ác̓. books.

scʕ̓aʔʕ̓ac̓   Morph: s+c+ʕ̓aʔ•ʕ̓ac̓. books.

ɬʕac̓   Morph: ɬ+ʕac̓. to look at s.t. or s.o. again.

ɬʕ̓ac̓   Morph: ɬ+ʕ̓ac̓. to look again at s.t.

sʕac̓, sʕ̓ac̓   Morph: s+ʕac̓. how s.t. looks; the looks of s.t.; one's looks.

sʕac̓c̓, sʕ̓ac̓c̓   Morph: s+ʕac̓•c̓. how s.t. looks; the looks of s.t.

ʕ̓ac̓m   Morph: ʕ̓ac̓+m. to look.

ʕac̓mn, ʕ̓ac̓mn   Morph: ʕac̓+mn. binoculars.

sxʷʕ̓ac̓m   Morph: sxʷʕ̓ac̓+m. a lookout.

kʕac̓   Morph: k+ʕac̓. to stare at s.t. or s.o.; to keep looking at s.t. or s.o.

nʕac̓   Morph: n+ʕac̓. to look inside.

snʕ̓ac̓ʕ̓ác̓mn   Morph: s+n+ʕ̓ac̓•ʕ̓ác̓+mn. library.

k̓ɬʕac̓xn   Morph: k̓ɬ+ʕac̓xn. to look or check for tracks.

ʕac̓q̓y̓mínm   Morph: ʕac̓+q̓y̓+mín+m. to read books.

ʕac̓ɬq̓y̓mínm   Morph: ʕac̓+ɬ+q̓y̓+mín+m. to read (a book).

kʔawsʕác̓, k̓awsʕác̓   Morph: k+ʔaw+s+ʕác̓. to go see s.t.

ck̓awsʕác̓m, ckʔawsʕác̓m   Morph: c+k+ʔaw+s+ʕác̓+m. to come to see.

ɬk̓wsʕ̓ac̓   Morph: ɬ+k̓w+s+ʕ̓ac̓. to go back to look.

k̓ssʕac̓c̓   Morph: k̓s•s+ʕac̓•c̓. to look ugly.

sk̓sʕac̓c̓   Morph: s+k̓s+ʕac̓•c̓. one's ugliness; one's bad looks.

k̓ssʕ̓ac̓c̓   Morph: k̓s•s+ʕ̓ac̓•c̓. bad looking; ugly looking.

x̌sʕac̓c̓   Morph: x̌s+ʕac̓•c̓. good to look at; good looking.

x̌ssʕ̓ac̓c̓   Morph: x̌s•s+ʕ̓ac̓•c̓. beautiful looking.

ʔawsʕ̓ác̓   Morph: ʔaw+s+ʕ̓ác̓. to go look. Sp ʔác̓x̌-m he looked; Cm ʔac̓x̌‑nt‑xʷ you look at, watch s.t.; Cr ʔac̓x̌ behold, to look (at), he looked, observe, view. See: ʕc̓x̌.

ʕc̓2   argue.

nʕic̓pm   Morph: n+ʕic̓+p+m. to argue over s.t. Cr ʕic̓ persistent, tenacious; Sh ʕec̓-t tough (of hide).

ʕc̓x̌   look at.

ʕac̓x̌   Morph: ʕac̓x̌. look (at).

ʕac̓x̌ncútn, ʕ̓ac̓x̌ncútn   Morph: ʕac̓x̌+ncút+n. a mirror; looking glass.

ʕac̓x̌úlaʔxʷ   Morph: ʕac̓x̌úlaʔxʷ. 1 • scout. Lit: look at the ground

2 • ʕac̓x̌úlaʔxʷ (man's name).

nʕac̓x̌kncút   Morph: n+ʕac̓x̌kn+cút. to look behind oneself.

nʕac̓x̌kn̓cút   Morph: n+ʕac̓x̌kn̓+cút. to look behind onself. Cm ʔac̓x̌‑nt‑xʷ you look at, watch s.t.

sxʷk̓ɬʕ̓ac̓xnm   Morph: sxʷk̓ɬ+ʕ̓ac̓xn+m. a tracker.

ʕac̓x̌ɬq̓y̓mínm   Morph: ʕac̓x̌+ɬ+q̓y̓+mín+m. to read books; to look at books. Sp s-ʔac̓x̌s-n̓-cút-n mirror; Cm ʔac̓x̌n̓cútn̓ mirror; Cr ʔac̓x̌us+n̓cút+n̓ mirror. See: ʕc̓1.

ʕhʔ1   cold.

ʕahúʔ   Morph: ʕahúʔ. to catch a cold; to have a cold. Sp s-ʔahó a cold, a cough.

sʔáhaʔ   Morph: s+ʔáhaʔ. a cold.

hahúʔ   Morph: hahúʔ. to catch a cold; to have a cold.

sʕáhaʔ   Morph: s+ʕáhaʔ. the common cold; a cold. Sp s-ʔahó a cold, a cough; √hoʔ a cough from a cold (baby talk); Cm sʔéʕʷḥaʔ chest cold, cough; ʔéʕʷḥaʔ to cough, have a chest cold; also sʔéʕʷḥʷaʔ; Cr ʔohiʔ+t cold (to have a...).

ʕahúʔm   Morph: ʕahúʔ+m. to have a cold. Sp s-ʔahóʔ a cold. a cough; Cm ʔéʕʷḥaʔ to cough, have a chest cold; Cr ʔohiʔ+t cold (to have a...). See: hʕʷ.

ʕhʔ2   relaxed.

ʕahúʔ   Morph: ʕahúʔ ? to be relaxed.

ʕl1   lose.

ʕalp   Morph: ʕal+p. to lose.

ʕaláp   Morph: ʕalá+p. to lose at gambling; to lose in a contest; to lose control.

sʕaláp   Morph: s+ʕalá+p. loss in a contest.

ʕalpmí   Morph: ʕal+p+mí. to lose s.t. or s.o.

ʕalpncút   Morph: ʕal+p+ncút. to be a loser.

ɬʕalpncút   Morph: ɬ+ʕal+p+ncút. to lose again.

kʕalpúps   Morph: k+ʕal+púps. to lose one's tail. Sp ʔal-íp he lost it all; Cm ḥəlp lose, be defeated, be broke; Cr s+ʕel+p demerit; ʕel+p+mí-nt-s confiscate (lit. he forfeited it (to public use)); Sh ʕʔiʔl to lose (a contest, lawcase, etc.); Th √ʕal lose.

ʕl2   sink.

nʕalt, nʕ̓alt   Morph: nʕal+t. to sink to the bottom (of water).

ʕl3   cover, fence.

ʕal, ʕ̓al   Morph: ʕal. fence; cover.

ʕalqí(n)   Morph: ʕalqí. to cover s.t.

ʕalʕaláq   Morph: ʕal•ʕaláq ? to cover.

nʕ̓alíw̓s   Morph: n+ʕ̓alíw̓s. to be partitioned.

ɬnʕal̕qí(n)   Morph: ɬ+n+ʕal̕qí. to cover s.t. again.

k̓ɬʕal̕(a)   Morph: k̓ɬ+ʕal̕. to fence (a place).

k̓ɬʕal̕mín, k̓ɬʕ̓almin   Morph: k̓ɬ+ʕal̕+mín. a fence.

k̓ɬnʕ̓alíp   Morph: k̓ɬ+n+ʕ̓alíp. to shut, close s.t. (a gate, a door, a letter ...)

sxʷk̓ɬʕalám   Morph: sxʷk̓ɬʕalám. one who builds fences. Sp √ʕal̕ to be fenced in, to be hemmed in; č̕ɬ-n-ʕal̕ép-m he closed the gate; Cr ʕel̕ block, obstruct, fence, curtain; an+ʕ̓elíw̓es divided, partitioned; a+čs+n+ʕél̕ep ... (lit. the door, gate is closed).

ʕlpl   Gopher, gopher.

ʕalapúl   Morph: ʕalapúl. Gopher, gopher.

ʔalapúl   Morph: ʔalapúl. ʔalapúl: Gopher. Sp púl̕yeʔ Mrs. Coyote; Cm pul̕–yaʔ gopher, mole.

ʔarpúl   Morph: ʔarpúl. ʔarpúl (woman's name). See: pl̕2; plyʔ1.

ʕɬ1   matched, regular.

ʕaɬ   Morph: ʕaɬ. to be even matched, regular (as the sections of a fence).

ʕɬ2   cook.

nʕaɬítkʷ   Morph: n+ʕaɬítkʷ. to cook with hot rocks.

ʕɬ3   dome-shaped house, Oroville.

sʕaɬíɬxʷ   Morph: s+ʕaɬíɬxʷ. 1 • dome-shaped house.

2 • sʕaɬíɬxʷ (Oroville).

sahɬíɬxʷ   Morph: sahɬíɬxʷ ? 1 • dome-shaped house.

2 • sahɬíɬxʷ (Oroville). See: .

ʕɬ4   gumption.

nʕaɬúps   Morph: n+ʕaɬúps. to have gumption.

ʕɬ5   kʕ̓aɬʕaɬqín (place name).

kʕ̓aɬʕaɬqín   Morph: k+ʕ̓aɬ•ʕaɬqín. kʕ̓aɬʕaɬqín (Monument Butte). Lit: rock piles on top

ʕƛ̓   gnaw.

ʕ̓aƛ̓   Morph: ʕ̓aƛ̓. to gnaw; to chew. Sp √x̌ƛ̓(í) to chew, to eat; Cm ʔač‑ḥaƛ̓‑st‑us s.o. gnaws on s.t.; Li ʕíƛ̓-xal to take a bite (of s.t.).

ʕaƛ̓(a)   Morph: ʕaƛ̓. to gnaw.

ʕaƛ̓íp, ʕ̓aƛ̓íp   Morph: ʕaƛ̓íp. to gnaw on wood; to chew a tree.

ʕaƛ̓ʕaƛ̓áqs   Morph: ʕaƛ̓•ʕaƛ̓áqs. beetle-like bug that chews at both ends.

ʕaƛ̓ʕaƛ̓cínm   Morph: ʕaƛ̓•ʕaƛ̓cín+m. to chew s.o. up with words.

kʕaƛ̓qí   Morph: k+ʕaƛ̓qi. to chew the tops; to gnaw.

ʕaƛ̓ʕaƛ̓sc̓ím   Morph: ʕaƛ̓•ʕaƛ̓+s+c̓ím. to chew s.t. up.

swy̓skʕaƛ̓ikst   Morph: s+wy̓+s+k+ʕaƛ̓ikst. shavings. Sp √x̌ƛ̓(í) to chew, to eat; Cm s‑ḥ‑ḥƛ̓‑mix to be gnawing; Cr x̌et̓ to gnaw, graze; Sh x̌t̓-us-m to eat of the deer head; Th x̌ƛ̓-ə́m chew, gnaw (on s.t.); Li √x̌əƛ̓ to chew on s.t. (mainly grass).

ʕm1   melt.

ʕam(a)   Morph: ʕam. to melt, thaw, liquefy.

ʕamáp, ʕam̓áp   Morph: ʕamá+p. to melt, thaw (ice, lard ...)

ɬʕamáp   Morph: ɬ+ʕamá+p. to thaw again.

nʕam   Morph: nʕam. to melt, thaw, liquefy.

nʕam̓pítkʷ   Morph: nʕam̓+pítkʷ. s.t. thaws in water.

nʕam̓ús   Morph: n+ʕam̓ús. to thaw s.t. by the fire.

nʕam̓st   Morph: n+ʕam̓+st. to melt s.t.; to make s.t. thaw. Sp ham-íp it began to melt; Cm ḥəm‑p become damp, dissolve, melt; Cr ʕem dissolve, melt, waste away.

ʕm2   angry.

ʕimt   Morph: ʕim+t. to be angry.

ʕaʕímaʔt   Morph: ʕa•ʕím+aʔt. to be angry.

ʕ̓áʕ̓amt   Morph: ʕ̓á•ʕ̓am+t. to be mad.

sʕimt   Morph: s+ʕim+t. anger.

scʕimt   Morph: sc+ʕim+t. anger; one's being angry.

ɬʕimt   Morph: ɬ+ʕim+t. to be angry again.

ʕimtm(n)   Morph: ʕim+t+mn. to be angry at s.o.

ʕimtnú   Morph: ʕim+t+nu. to anger s.o.; to make s.o. mad. Morph: ʕimt+st. Sp √ʕaymt (ʔaymt) (haymt) to get angry; hayím-t (ʔayím-t) he got growling mad; č-ʔáym-t-i-s that's his reason for being mad; Cm ḥímt ḥim‑t be angry.

ʕm3   saʕámɬq (place name).

saʕámɬq   Morph: s+ʕámɬq ? saʕámɬq (place name).

ʕm4   sʕamtíc̓aʔ (woman's name).

sʕamtíc̓aʔ   Morph: s+ʕam+tíc̓aʔ. sʕamtíc̓aʔ (woman's name).

ʕn1   jackrabbit.

ʕanʕaník   Morph: ʕan•ʕaník. jackrabbit.

ʕananíkn   Morph: ʕan•aníkn. jackrabbit. Sp wananíčeʔ (wananí, wananíč) brown summer jackrabbit; Cm ḥannaník jackrabbit.

ʕn2   crouch, curl.

ʕanmncút   Morph: ʕan+mncút. to crouch; to curl up in a ball.

ʕanʕanmncút   Morph: ʕan•ʕan+mncút. to crouch; to curl up in a ball.

ʕn3   magpie.

ʕan̓, ʕ̓an̓   Morph: ʕan̓. Magpie; magpie.

ʕann, ʕ̓an̓n̓   Morph: ʕan•n. Magpie; magpie.

haɬʕán̓   Morph: haɬs+ʕ̓an̓. the Magpie family or group.

haɬsʕ̓án̓   Morph: haɬs+ʕ̓án̓. the Magpie family or group.

nʕ̓ann̓m   Morph: n+ʕ̓an•n̓+m. nʕ̓ann̓m (place name). Lit: having magpies Sp ʔán̓n̓ magpie; Cm ʕ̓ʷn̓‑ʕ̓ʷn̓‑ps, ʕ̓ʷən̓ʕ̓ʷan̓ps magpie.

ʕn4   Oroville.

sʕán̓aɬaʔxʷ   Morph: s+ʕán̓aɬaʔxʷ. sʕán̓aɬaʔxʷ: Oroville.

ʕn5   snowbrush.

ʕanɬp   Morph: ʕanɬp. snowbrush.

ʕn6   satisfied.

ʕanáp   Morph: ʕaná+p. to be satisfied, sated. See: ʕnq.

ʕnq   satisfied.

ʕanqíls   Morph: ʕanqíls. to be satisfied.

nʕanqíls   Morph: n+ʕanqíls. to be full, sated, satisfied.

snʕanqíls   Morph: s+n+ʕanqíls. satisfaction. Sp n-ʕanqcín he finally got enough to eat.

nʕanqcín   Morph: n+ʕanqcín. to be satisfied, sated, filled up.

nanaʕnqcín   Morph: na•na•ʕnqcín ? to be filled up; satiated. Sp naq the water has reached the marker along the river’s edge; √ʕanq, n-ʕanqcín he finally got enough to eat; Cr naq satiated (with food). See: ʕn6.

ʕnxʷ   muskrat.

sʕ̓aníxʷ   Morph: s+ʕ̓aníxʷ. 1 • Muskrat; muskrat.

2 • sʕ̓aníxʷ (man's name). Cm ḥan̓áxʷ muskrat.

sʕ̓an̓íxʷ   Morph: s+ʕ̓an̓íxʷ. little muskrat.

sʕ̓aʔn̓íxʷ   Morph: s+ʕ̓aʔn̓íxʷ. little muskrat.

ʕny   male (salmon).

tányaʔ   Morph: t+ányaʔ ? late sockeye (when they turn red, around September).

sʕányasʕ̓ányaʔ   Morph: s+ʕánya ? male fish.

sʕ̓ányaʔ   Morph: s+ʕ̓ányaʔ. male salmon.

saʕánya   Morph: saʕánya ? saʕánya (man's name). See: tʕny.

ʕp   Nez Perces.

sʕaptnx   Morph: s+ʕap+tnx. sʕaptnx: Nez Percez.

nʕaptnítkʷ   Morph: nʕap+tnítkʷ. nʕaptnítkʷ: Nez Perce Creek.

nʕaptnxítkʷ, nʕaptn̓xítkʷ   Morph: n+ʕap+tnxítkʷ. nʕaptnxítkʷ: Nez Perce Creek. Lit: Nez Perce water (stream) Sp √saʕáptni Nez Perce Indians; Cm s‑ḥáp‑tn‑əxʷ Nez Perces.

ʕpnʔ   now.

ʕapnáʔ   Morph: ʕapnáʔ. now; nowadays.

ʕapnánaʔ   Morph: ʕapnánaʔ. just now.

ʕapnáʔ k̓laxʷ   Morph: ʕapnáʔ k̓laxʷ. this evening.

ʕapnáʔ sx̌lx̌aʕlt   Morph: ʕapnáʔ s+x̌l•x̌aʕl+t. today; this day.

sic ʕapnáʔ   Morph: sic ʕapnáʔ. just now. Sh wl ʕép until dusk; Th ʕáp dusk. Cf. Li ʕap (late) evening sets in (part of the night before), ɬ‿ʕáp-as tonight.

ʕs   willow grouse, pheasant.

sasʕás   Morph: s+ʕas•ʕás. willow grouse.

sʕasʕás   Morph: s+ʕas•ʕás. 1 • pheasant.

2 • willow grouse. See: ʕʷs.

ʕt1   tooth.

ʕitmn   Morph: ʕit+mn. tooth.

ʕaytmn   Morph: ʕit+mn. tooth.

ʕtʕitmn, ʕatʕítmn   Morph: ʕat•ʕít+mn. teeth.

ʕt2   yellow bell.

ʕatmn   Morph: ʕat+mn. yellow bell.

ʕ̓aʔtmn̓   Morph: ʕ̓aʔt+mn̓. yellowbell.

ʕt3   sound of duck.

ʕátʕat   Morph: ʕát•ʕat. the sound a duck makes.

ʕt4   raptor spp.

sʕátʕat   Morph: s+ʕát•ʕat. eagle.

sʕat̓ʕát̓   Morph: s+ʕat̓•ʕát̓. unidentified raptor that feeds on fish.

ʕtl   ʕatál (woman's name).

ʕatál   Morph: ʕatál ? ʕatál (woman's name).

ʕt̓s   sneeze.

ʕat̓ísm   Morph: ʕat̓ís+m. to sneeze.

ʕat̓ísx   Morph: ʕat̓ís+x. to sneeze.

ʕat̓ísxaʔ   Morph: ʕat̓ís+xaʔ. to sneeze. Sp √t̓sóʔ (t̓šóʔ), at̓šoʔ a sneeze; Cm t̓éšxʷaʔ to sneeze; sneeze; Cr t̓išsoʔ sneeze.

ʕw1   drip, drool.

ʕawáp   Morph: ʕawá+p. 1 • to drool; to drip; to leak.

2 • ʕawáp (place name). Lit: dripping Sp √ʕaw drip; ʕaw-úp it melted, it dripped; Cr ʕaw, ʕ̓ew+p} dripped; see Th /c̓ʕʷ-ə́p to leak, start slow dripping.

ʕawʕawáp   Morph: ʕaw•ʕawá+p. to drool; to drip.

sʕawáp   Morph: s+ʕawá+p. a leak; a drop of water.

kʕawálqʷ   Morph: k+ʕawá+p. s.t. drips down a pole.

nʕawáp   Morph: n+ʕawá+pnaʕʷáp. to drip into s.t.

naʕʷáp   Morph: naʕʷá+p ? to leak (as roof).

nʕawpcín   Morph: n+ʕaw+pcín. s.t. dribbles in the moutn; drool.

nʕawpáɬq̓ʷlt   Morph: n+ʕawpáɬq̓ʷlt. to drip in the mouth.

nʕawʕawpcín   Morph: n+ʕaw•ʕaw+pcín. to drool. Sp n-ʔaw-pcín saliva slip off his chin; see Cm √hmp həmp to fall off; Cr saʕʷ flow, pour, leak; saʕʷ+p dripped, overflowed.

ʕw2   skin.

snʕawípm   Morph: s+n+ʕawíp+m. to skin small furry animals.

ʕw3   relax.

ʕaw̓m   Morph: ʕaw̓+m. to let s.t. or s.o. loose.

ʕaw̓míst   Morph: ʕáw̓+miʔst. relax.

ʕ̓awʕ̓awmíst   Morph: ʕ̓aw•ʕ̓aw+míst. to take a break.

ʕaw̓kstm   Morph: ʕaw̓kst+m. to let s.o. loose.

ʕaw̓mw̓scút   Morph: ʕaw̓+mw̓s+cút. to relax.

nʕaw̓ʕáw̓miʔst   Morph: n+ʕaw̓•ʕáw̓+miʔst. to relax.

ʕw4   rough wallflower.

nʕ̓awʕ̓awqín   Morph: n+ʕ̓aw•ʕ̓awqín. rough wallflower.

ʕwc   have no reflexes.

ʕawc   Morph: ʕawc ? to have no reflexes.

ʕwt   annoyed.

ʕawítm   Morph: ʕawít+m ? to get annoyed with s.t. or s.o.

ʕxʷ   holler.

kʕaxʷ   Morph: k+ʕaxʷ. to holler.

ʕx̌1   harrow, stripe, scrape.

ʕax̌, V   Morph: ʕax̌. to scratch; to claw.

ʕax̌x̌   Morph: ʕax̌•x̌. to be or get slit, furrowed, striped.

ʕaʕáx̌   Morph: ʕa•ʕáx̌. to rake s.t.

ʕáx̌laʔxʷ   Morph: ʕáx̌laʔxʷ. to harrow; to rake.

ʕ̓áx̌laʔxʷm   Morph: ʕ̓áx̌laʔxʷ+m. a rake.

ʕáx̌laʔxʷtn   Morph: ʕáx̌laʔxʷ+tn. garden rake; hay rake.

ʕaʕáx̌laʔxʷtn   Morph: ʕa•ʕáx̌laʔxʷ+tn. garden rake.

ʕáx̌ʕax̌x̌   Morph: ʕáx̌•ʕax̌•x̌. to get scratched.

kʕáx̌c̓aʔ   Morph: k+ʕáx̌c̓aʔ. musk melon. Lit: striped

kʕax̌ʕáx̌c̓aʔ   Morph: k+ʕax̌•ʕáx̌c̓aʔ. cantaloupe (cucumis melo). Lit: striped

nʕ̓ax̌   Morph: n+ʕ̓ax̌. to scratch; to claw.

nʕax̌x̌kn   Morph: n+ʕax̌•x̌kn. scraped or striped back.

nʔipʕ̓áx̌   Morph: n+ʔipʕ̓áx̌. to scratch s.t. or s.o. on the way (as s.t. or s.o. moves).

kɬʕax̌   Morph: kɬ+ʕax̌. to make slits, stripes or furrows; to scrape. Sp √ʕax̌ striped, scratched; hec-ʕáx̌ it's striped material, it's been scratched; č̕ɬ-ʕax̌ép the opening is laced shut; ʕax̌leʔxʷ-m he harrowed and raked the field for seeding; č-ʕaʕáx̌c̓eʔ cantaloupe; see s-čɬ-x̌eʔp̓ícn̓šn-tn shoestring, shoelace; Cm ʔix̌–l̕əxʷ‑tn harrow; Cr ʕax̌ wind... to wrap string evenly; √ʕx̌ t+ʕa+ʕá.c̓eʔ cantaloupe (lit. a melon ribbed around; Sh ʕx̌-em to string up (a hide). See: ʕx̌2.

ʕx̌2   lace, tie.

ʕax̌   Morph: ʕax̌. to lace s.t.; to string up s.t.

ʕax̌ám   Morph: ʕax̌á+m. to tie a hide to the tanning frame.

ʕax̌íc̓aʔ   Morph: ʕax̌íc̓aʔ. a rope (to string) deer hides.

ʕax̌íc̓aʔm   Morph: ʕax̌íc̓aʔ+m. to tie a hide to a frame. Sp čn ʕax̌íc̓eʔ-m I stretched the hides.

kʕax̌   Morph: k+ʕax̌. to lace up s.t.; to string up s.t.

kʕax̌ác̓aʔ   Morph: k+ʕax̌ác̓aʔ. s.t is laced, tied (into a bundle).

kʕax̌íc̓aʔ   Morph: k+ʕax̌íc̓aʔ. s.t is laced, tied (into a bundle or package).

kɬʕax̌ík(n)   Morph: kɬ+ʕax̌íkn. to lace up (a shoe).

kɬʕax̌íknxn   Morph: kɬ+ʕax̌íknxn. shoelace; to lace up a shoe.

kɬʕax̌íkn̓tn   Morph: kɬ+ʕax̌íkn̓+tn. (shoe) lace.

k̓ɬʕax̌   Morph: k̓ɬ+ʕax̌. to lace s.t. See: ʕx̌1.

ʕx̌3   sʕax̌x̌álqs (woman's name).

sʕax̌x̌álqs   Morph: s+ʕax̌•x̌álqs. sʕax̌x̌álqs (woman's name).

ʕx̌ʷ1   stretch, string.

ʕax̌ʷ   Morph: ʕax̌ʷ. 1 • s.t. stretched or strung.

2 • to mark with a string.

ʕax̌ʷám   Morph: ʕax̌ʷá+m. to make line or rope.

ʕax̌ʷmín   Morph: ʕax̌ʷ+mín. clothes line, line to hang clothes on.

ʕax̌ʷcínxn   Morph: ʕax̌ʷcínxn. moccasin lace.

ʕax̌ʷʕax̌ʷcínxn   Morph: ʕax̌ʷ•ʕax̌ʷcínxn. moccasin laces.

kʕax̌ʷʕaxʷíc̓aʔ   Morph: k+ʕax̌ʷ•ʕaxʷíc̓aʔ. things dangle; dangling things.

skʕax̌ʷx̌ʷíplaʔ   Morph: s+k+ʕax̌ʷ•x̌ʷíplaʔ. (fishing) line; rope.

nʕax̌ʷt   Morph: n+ʕax̌ʷ+t. slough.

k̓ɬʕax̌ʷáx̌ʷ   Morph: k̓ɬ+ʕax̌ʷ•áx̌ʷ. s.t. is roped around.

k̓ɬʕax̌ʷám   Morph: k̓ɬ+ʕax̌ʷá+m. to string a line. Sp hi ʕax̌ it's striped; ʕax̌íc̓eʔ-tn hide stretcher; Cr √ʕx̌ wind, to wrap string evenly; hn+ʕux̌ʷ+ʕux̌ʷeɬníw̓+n harness.

ʕx̌ʷ2   roots.

saʕx̌ʷíp   Morph: s+aʕx̌ʷíp. roots.

sʕax̌ʷíp   Morph: s+ʕax̌ʷíp. root; tuber; bulb. Sp s-ʕʷox̌ʷép plant root; Cm sx̌ʷap plant root(s). See: ʕʷx̌ʷ2.

ʕx̌ʷ3   swamp, slough.

nʕ̓ax̌ʷt   Morph: n+ʕ̓ax̌ʷ+t. swamp; slough.

ʕy1   angry, scold.

ʕayám   Morph: ʕayá+m. to growl; to scold. Sh √ʕey stinging, hot; angry.

ʕayáp   Morph: ʕayá+p. to bawl s.o. out. Sh ʕy-ep angry.

ʕaypmín   Morph: ʕay+p+mín. to scold s.o.

ʕayʕaypmín   Morph: ʕay•ʕay+p+mín. to scold s.o.

sʕaypmínm   Morph: sʕay+p+mín+m. to scold s.o.

ʕayplwís   Morph: ʕay+p+lwís. to bawl s.o. out; to get after s.o.

sʕaypíltm   Morph: sʕay+pílt+m. to scold a child.

ksʕayp   Morph: k+s+ʕay+p. to get angry with s.o.; to scold s.o.

ksʕaypmín   Morph: k+s+ʕay+p+mín. to get angry with s.o.; to scold s.o. Sp √ʕaymt (ʔaymt) (haymt) to get angry; Cm ḥáʔi be hot (an object); Cr ʕey embittered; ʕey̓ angry; Sh √ʕey stinging, hot; angry; Th √ʕəz angry; Li √ʕaz̓ to quarrel (like a couple). See: ʕy2.

ʕy2   tired.

ʕay   Morph: ʕay. tired.

ʕiyt   Morph: ʕiy+t. to be tired.

ʕayt   Morph: ʕay+t. to be tired.

kʕayíkst   Morph: k+ʕayíkst. the hand or arm gets tired.

kʕayxán   Morph: k+ʕayxán. one's leg is tired.

kʕayʕayxán   Morph: k+ʕay•ʕayxán. tired legs.

nʕayíkn̓   Morph: n+ʕayíkn̓. one's back is tired.

nʕayílps   Morph: n+ʕayílps. one's neck is tired.

nʕayús   Morph: n+ʕayús. one's neck is tired. Cm ḥu‑ʔ‑y‑t be bored; See Cr ʕid glowing, redhot; ʕey embittered; see Sh √ʕey stinging, hot; angry; see Th √ʕáy inadequate. See: ʕy1.

ʕy3   smile, laugh.

ʕayn   Morph: ʕay+n ? to make s.o. laugh.

ʕ̓ayn   Morph: ʕ̓ayn. to make s.o. laugh.

ʕayncút   Morph: ʕay+ncút. to laugh.

ʕ̓ayncút   Morph: ʕ̓ay+ncút. to laugh.

ʕayʕayncút   Morph: ʕay•ʕay+ncút. to laugh.

ʕ̓ayʕ̓ayncút   several laugh.

sʕayncút   Morph: s+ʕay+ncút. laughter.

sʕayʕayncút   Morph: s+ʕay•ʕay+ncút. a laugh.

ʕayʕaycín   Morph: ʕay•ʕaycín. to laugh about s.t. or s.o.

ʕayʕáynk   Morph: ʕay•ʕáynk. to tickle s.o.'s belly. See Sh x̌-ʕʷuy̓-ʕʷuy̓-nk to laugh until one's insides get weak.

nʕayús   Morph: n+ʕayús. to smile at s.o. Sp n-oy̓ús-m̓ he smiled.

nʕ̓ay̓ús   Morph: n+ʕ̓ay̓ús. to smile at s.t. or s.o.

nʕ̓ay̓snwíxʷ   Morph: n+ʕ̓ay̓s+nwíxʷ. to smile at each other. See: ʕʷy.

ʕy4   remainder.

snʕáyu   Morph: s+n+ʕáyu ? remainder.

ʕy5   fall out.

ʕay̓áp   Morph: ʕay̓á+p. to fall out.

ʕyʔ   ʕyʔ in plant names.

ʕayú   Morph: ʕayú. ʕayú (wild parsnip).

ʕayúʔ   Morph: ʕayúʔ. 1 • Indian parsnip, first root of spring.

2 • chocolate tips.

ʕayíw   Morph: ʕayíw. ʕayíw (Indian parsnip).

aʔkɬʕayúʔ   Morph: aʔkɬ+ʕayúʔ. aʔkɬʕayúʔ (place name). Lit: place of chocolate tip plants

kɬʕ̓ay̓ʕ̓ayúm̓   Morph: kɬ+ʕ̓ay̓•ʕ̓ayú+m̓. kɬʕ̓ay̓ʕ̓ayúm̓ (place name). Lit: chocolate tip plant place

ʕʔ1   slide.

ʕaʔíltm   Morph: ʕaʔílt+m. to slide (as children playing).

ʕʔ2   snow goose.

sʕ̓áʕ̓aʔ   Morph: s+ʕ̓á•ʕ̓aʔ. snow goose. Sp w̓uʔw̓úʔ snow goose; Cr (?) s+ʕíhn+t goose. Gram: The Spokane form suggests an earlier *ʕ̓ʷaʔʕ̓ʷáʔ, and subsequent unrounding of the pharyngeal in the northern Okanagan dialects.

ʕʔc   clot.

ʕaʔíc   Morph: ʕaʔíc. to clot.

ʕʔckʷlʔ   meadowlark.

ʕaʔíckʷalaʔ   Morph: ʕaʔíckʷalaʔ ? meadowlark; Meadowlark.

piʔsʕ̓áʔíckʷalaʔ, py̓sʕ̓áʔíckʷalaʔ   Morph: piʔs+ʕ̓áʔíckʷalaʔ. Sp √wickʷ w̓aw̓íckʷl̕eʔ (w̓ew̓íckʷl̕eʔ) meadowlark; see Cr xʷéleʔ lark, meadowlark.

ʕʔt   yellowbell.

ʕaʔtmn   Morph: ʕaʔt+mn. 1 • yellowbell.

2 • lambda (the phonetic symbol).