Y - y

yc   wrinkled.

yc   Morph: yc. 1 • to wrinkle.

2 • to shake s.t. or s.o.

ycac   Morph: yc•ac. wrinkled; tousled.

ycikstm   Morph: ycikst+m. to shake s.t. or s.o. Sp hi yéc it's tousled.

yccal̕qs   Morph: yc•cal̕qs. wrinked clothes.

ycxnmi   Morph: ycxn+mi. to trample s.t.; to uproot s.t.

ycáyaʔqn   Morph: ycáyaʔqn. one's hair is messy. Sp √yec tousled, uncombed ... in complete disarray.

yckʷm   ycakʷm (man's name).

ycakʷm   Morph: ycakʷm ". ycakʷm (man's name).

yc̓1   clear.

kyic̓sq̓t   Morph: k+yic̓sq̓t. a clear sky.

yc̓2   yc̓ in plant names.

yc̓iʔstn̓, y̓c̓iʔstn̓, ic̓íʔstn̓, iʔc̓iʔstn̓   Morph: y̓c̓iʔs+tn̓. small horsetail.

sy̓ay̓c̓qn   Morph: s+y̓a•y̓c̓qn. 1 • stoneseed.

2 • wild buckwheat.

yk̓   yk̓ in women's names.

syk̓íc̓aʔ, sik̓íc̓aʔ   Morph: s+yk̓íc̓aʔ ? sik̓íc̓aʔ (woman's name).

ykʷ   stingy.

yákʷaʔ   Morph: yákʷaʔ. stingy.

y̓ay̓ákʷaʔ   to be stingy.

sy̓ay̓ákʷaʔ   Morph: s+yaʔ•yákʷaʔ. a stingy person.

yaʔkʷmí(n)   Morph: yaʔkʷ+mín. to get stingy of s.t. or with s.o. Sp y̓ey̓úkʷ-eʔ he's stingy; Cm yw̓-yw̓kʷ-ul be stingy; Cr duʔ+duʔkʷ+úl avaricious.

ykʷʔ   wart.

syaʔyáʔkʷaʔ   Morph: s+yaʔ•yáʔkʷaʔ. a wart.

yk̓ʷ1   cross.

y̓ak̓ʷ   Morph: y̓ak̓ʷʷ. to pass (a time of day or night).

yaʔk̓ʷáqs   Morph: yaʔk̓ʷáqs. late winter; very early spring.

yaʔk̓ʷáqsm   Morph: yaʔk̓ʷáqs+m. late winter; very early spring.

y̓ak̓ʷáqsm   Morph: y̓ak̓ʷáqs+m. to be past mid-winter.

syaʔk̓ʷáqs   Morph: s+yaʔk̓ʷáqs. mid-winter.

sy̓ak̓ʷáqs   Morph: s+y̓ak̓ʷáqs. the time past mid-winter.

kyak̓ʷk̓ʷ   Morph: k+yak̓ʷ•k̓ʷ. to have gone past s.t.

ky̓ak̓ʷ   Morph: k+y̓ak̓ʷ. midnight.

ny̓ak̓ʷ   Morph: ny̓ak̓ʷ. to cross (water); to go across (a river).

ny̓ay̓ak̓ʷ   Morph: ny̓a•y̓ak̓ʷ. to cross water. Sp n-yéʔk̓ʷ he crossed to the other side of the river; Cm na‑yak̓ʷ‑lx to cross over water; Cr čn‿n+diʔk̓ʷ ... lit. I crossed the stream, river.

ɬny̓ay̓ák̓ʷ   Morph: ɬ+ny̓a•y̓ák̓ʷ. to cross water again.

nyak̓ʷ   Morph: nyak̓ʷ. to swim across; to go across water. Sp yek̓ʷ(ú) passed, to take across; Cm n‑yk̓ʷ‑lx–us to cross a road; na‑yak̓ʷ‑lx to cross over water; Cr dik̓ʷ turn about in going (crossface).

nyaʔyáʔk̓ʷ   Morph: n+yaʔ•yáʔk̓ʷ. several cross.

ɬny̓ak̓ʷ   Morph: ɬ+ny̓ak̓ʷ. to cross water again.

ɬcny̓ak̓ʷ   Morph: ɬ+c+ny̓ak̓ʷ. to cross water again towards here.

nyak̓ʷst   Morph: nyák̓ʷ+st. take s.t. or s.o. across (water).

nyak̓ʷílp   Morph: n+yak̓ʷílp. to cross at the base.

nyak̓ʷqin   Morph: n+yak̓ʷqin. afternoon; past noon. Sp s-ny̓aʔk̓ʷqín right around noon, in the afternoon;

snyak̓ʷqin   Morph: s+n+yak̓ʷqin. afternoon. Sp sny̓ak̓ʷqín right around noon, in the afternoon; Cm √yk̓ʷ cross; Cr hn+d+daʔk̓ʷqín̓ afternoon, midday (lit. that which goes over the middle of the head, (the sun) passed overhead).

snyak̓ʷtán   Morph: s+n+yak̓ʷ+tán. snyak̓ʷtán: place where Indians crossed the Columbia, just upriver from nyilntwáxʷtn. Lit: crossing-place

nayák̓ʷcn   Morph: na+yák̓ʷcn. Yakima people; Nez Perce Indians.

naʔyák̓ʷcn   Morph: naʔyák̓ʷcn. Yakama Indian; Nez Percez.

naʔyak̓ʷcín   Morph: naʔ+yak̓ʷcín. Nez Percez Indians; Yakama Indian. Sp √yek̓ʷ(ú) passed, to take across; hi yéʔk̓ʷ it's passed; Cm n‑yk̓ʷ‑lx‑us to cross a road; Cr dik̓ʷ turn about in going (cross face); e·+dík̓ʷ+s+m go, recede, return, ebbs (lit. H/s/i recedes/goes back/returns); dik̓ʷ turn about in going (cross face); čn n+diʔk̓ʷ crossed ... (lit. I crossed the stream, river); Li zək̓ʷ:záˑz̓k̓ʷ-ləx to wiggle one's way through (through a crowd, thick brush, etc.); zák̓ʷ-an̓ to move a heavy object back and forth repeatedly; Li zək̓ʷ:záˑz̓k̓ʷ-ləx to wiggle one's way through (through a crowd, thick brush, etc.).

yk̓ʷ2   lily.

yk̓ʷyuk̓ʷps   Morph: yk̓ʷ•yuk̓ʷps. mariposa lily.

yk̓ʷ3   siyák̓ʷqn (man's name).

siyák̓ʷqn   Morph: s+yak̓ʷqn. siyák̓ʷqn (man's name).

syak̓ʷqn   Morph: s+yak̓ʷqn. syak̓ʷqn (man's name).

yk̓ʷmt   yak̓ʷmtíkn̓ (man's name).

yak̓ʷmtíkn̓   Morph: yak̓ʷmtíkn̓. yak̓ʷmtíkn̓ (Ninemile Charley).

yl1   chief.

ylmixʷm, ilmíxʷm   Morph: ylmixʷ+m. to be chief.

ylylmixʷm, ililmíxʷm   Morph: yl•ylmixʷ+m. chiefs; bosses; to be chiefs.

y̓l̕mixʷm̓   Morph: y̓l̕mixʷ+m̓. little chief.

ylmixʷmst   Morph: ylmixʷ+m+st. to make s.o. a chief.

ylmxʷscut   Morph: ylmxʷ+scut. to act the boss.

ylmxʷwilx   Morph: ylmxʷ+wilx. to become chief(s), leader(s).

ylyalmxʷscút   Morph: yl•yalmxʷ+scút. to act quite the boss.

sylyalmíxʷm   Morph: s+yl•yalmíxʷ+m. greatness; power.

sylmxʷílt   Morph: s+ylmxʷílt. to be of noble birth.

sylmxʷiɬxʷ   Morph: s+ylmxʷiɬxʷ. the chiefʼs house.

puʔylmíxʷm   Morph: puʔylmíxʷm. to be the chiefʼs wife.

qaʔɬylmíxʷm   Morph: qaʔɬylmíxʷ+m. the chief's offspring.

kylmxʷíplaʔ   Morph: k+ylmxʷíplaʔ. to boss s.o. around.

k̓ɬyal   Morph: k̓ɬ+yal. to protect.

mysylmixʷm, misylmíxʷm   Morph: my+s+ylmixʷ+m. a better chief.

smyɬylmixʷm   Morph: s+my+ɬ+ylmixʷ+m. to be an important chief.

snk̓ʷɬylmixʷm   Morph: s+nk̓ʷ+ɬ+ylmixʷ+m. fellow chief.

snk̓ʷɬylylmixʷm   Morph: s+nk̓ʷ+ɬ+yl•ylmixʷ+m. one's fellow chiefs. Sp ylmixʷ-m a chief, king (playing card); Cm yl‑mixʷ‑m chief; Cr yilmíxʷ+m king, leader, potentate, ruler.

yl2   wag, zigzag.

y̓ly̓alqn   Morph: y̓l•y̓alqn. y̓ly̓alqn (place name). Lit: moves in all directions

kyayílpsm   Morph: k+ya•yílps+m. to wag the tail.

kyaʔaʔyílpsm   Morph: k+yaʔ•aʔ•yílps+m. 1 • to wag the tail.

2 • kyaʔaʔílpsm (man's name).

kiʔilpáqs   Morph: k+y̓l+paqs. kiʔilpáqs (place name). Lit: poked-out point

ky̓lpaqs   Morph: k+y̓l+paqs. ky̓lpaqs (place name). Lit: poked-out point

ny̓l̕y̓l̕min̓, nʔil̕ʔil̕mín̓   Morph: n+y̓l̕•y̓l̕+min̓. ny̓l̕y̓l̕min̓ (place name). Lit: zigzag flow of water Sp č-s-yélps-m the dog wagged his tail; Cr e·+dél+ut ... {(lit. The dog is seated)}; Sh √yel, yal be wound around.

yl3   hit.

ylap   Morph: yla+p. to be hit (by s.t. fast-moving).

ylpnu   Morph: yl+p+nu. to manage to hit s.t. (with s.t. that moves fast, e.g. a gun).

yílpiʔst   Morph: yil+piʔst. to hit the target.

kylap   Morph: k+yla+p. a river empties into another. Sp yil(í), yl-p-nú-n I accidentally hit it, yl-íp she was struck by something; s-č-yl-íp junction of two rivers (or roads); Sh s-t-yl-ap to make a sharp turn.

yl4   coil.

kylus   Morph: k+ylus. to coil s.t.

kylylusm   Morph: k+yl•ylus+m. to coil a rope. Sp √yilw twisted; yílu-s-n-t-xʷ you screwed it; Cm n-yl-qin to coil up; Cr dar curved objects stand with concave surface up; Sh √yel, yal be wound around. See: yl5.

yl5   thick around.

yult   Morph: yul+t. to be big around.

ylyult   Morph: yl•yul+t. big around; large circumference.

ylyulxn   Morph: yl•yulxn. thick (round) legs.

syl̕yúlaʔt   Morph: s+yl̕•yúlaʔt. circumference. Sp yúl-t it's thick at its circumference. See Sh yulqʷ thick (of cylindrical objects).

kylyulqstxn   Morph: k+yl•yulqstxn. thick ankles.

skylyulqstxn   Morph: s+k+yl•yulqstxn. big leg. Sp n-yúlps thick necked. See: yl4.

yl6   run away.

yalt   Morph: yal+t. to run away (as when scared); to get away, escape, run.

ylylt   Morph: yl•ylt. to run away from s.t. or s.o.

ylyalt   Morph: yl•yal+t. several escape, run away.

yltilt   Morph: yltilt. a runaway child.

yltmin   Morph: yl+t+min. to run away from s.t. or s.o.

ylyltmi   Morph: yl•yl+t+mi. to run away from s.o. or s.t.

syaʔlílt   Morph: s+yaʔlílt. 1 • a run-away child.

2 • a widowed mother-in-law.

ɬylyalt   Morph: ɬ+yl•yal+t. to escape back, to run back.

ɬcylylmin   Morph: ɬ+c+yl•yl+min. to drive s.o. back.

nyltils   Morph: n+yltils. to want to run.

k̓ɬy̓lal   Morph: k̓ɬ+y̓l•al. to lose.

k̓ɬylmin   Morph: k̓ɬ+yl+min. to run away; to escape.

k̓ɬyltmi(n)   Morph: k̓ɬ+yl+t+mi. to abandon s.t. or s.o.; to run away from s.t. or s.o. Cm ylam to run [pl]; Cr dul̕ run (..ạway).

yl7   low-pitched.

nyulqn   Morph: n+yulqn. low pitched.

nyulqnm   Morph: n+yulqn+m. to make a low note (sound). Sp √yul to yell encouragement; hec-yúl-i they're yelling "rah rah rah"; Cr dul sing (...warsong). See: yl8.

yl8   war.

yal̕m   Morph: yal̕+m. to wage war.

snyalmn   Morph: s+n+yal+mn. Montana. Cr sí+dlemš Indians (Jocko Valley...of Montana).

snyal̕mn   Morph: s+n+yal̕+mn. Montana. Lit: place of the last stand

snyalmnx   Morph: s+n+yal+mn+x. person or people from Montana.

snyal̕mnx   Morph: s+n+yal̕+mn+x. person or people from Montana. See Sp hec yúli they're yelling "rah rah rah". They're encouraging each other. They're congratulating themselves on winning the game; Cr dul sing (...warsong). See: yl7.

yl9   menstruation.

snylmiɬxʷtn   Morph: s+n+yl+miɬxʷtn ? menstruation; menstrual period.

yl10   reabsorb, slip in.

nyulp   Morph: n+yulp. to slip in.

snyulp   Morph: sn+yul+p. s.t. excreted and reabsorbed (of animals in tales). Sh (c-)yl-p-elx to change direction, turn back.

snyulps   Morph: sn+yulps. colon. See: ʔlp2.

yl11   snow slide.

syalt   Morph: s+yal+t. snow slide.

yl12   whitefish.

yaylqs   Morph: ya•ylqs ? whitefish (larger variety). See Cm yan‑lqs whitefish.

yl13   middle-aged; mature.

y̓al, y̓al̕   Morph: y̓al. to be no longer young; to get older; mature.

ylkʷ   ramhorn.

ylikʷlxkn, ilíkʷlxkn   Morph: ylikʷlxkn. Ramhorn; ramhorn; Bighorn; bighorn. Cm ylakʷlxkn bighorn sheep, mountain sheep; see Sh yʕ-elxkn mountain goat; see Li yəʕálxkən female mountain sheep.

kɬylikʷlxqn   Morph: kɬ+ylikʷ+lxqn. Mt McKinney.

ylm   ylm in place names.

snylmínaʔ   Morph: s+n+ylmínaʔ. snylmínaʔ (Sherman Creek).

snylm̓ínaʔ   Morph: s+n+ylm̓ínaʔ. snylm̓ínaʔ (place name).

snʔilmínaʔ   Morph: s+n+ʔil+mínaʔ. snʔilmínaʔ (Sherman Creek).

snʔilmínaʔx   Morph: s+n+ʔil+mínaʔx. snʔilmínaʔx (Sherman Creek people).

snylmínaʔx   Morph: s+n+ylmínaʔ+x. snylmínaʔx (Sherman Creek people).

yln   nyilntwáxʷtn (place name).

nyilntwáxʷtn   Morph: n+yil+ntwáxʷ+tn. nyilntwáxʷtn (place name).

ylq   lift, uncover.

ylq   Morph: ylq. to uncover s.t.

yalq   Morph: yalq. to lift a flap.

ylq̓   sy̓alq̓tán̓ (place name).

sy̓alq̓tán̓   Morph: s+y̓alq̓+tán̓. sy̓alq̓tán̓ (place name). Lit: snowslide area

ylw1   round, twist.

yalw   Morph: yalw. to be round.

yilw   Morph: yilw. to twist s.t.

yilwy   Morph: yilwy ? to stitch; to twist a twig.

yilwíkstm   Morph: yilwíkst+m. to twist s.t.

kylwíc̓aʔ, kyl̕wíc̓aʔ   Morph: k+ylwíc̓aʔ. a bushel basket; a barrel; a tub. Sp yilw twisted; hec-yílu it's twisted; √yel̕w̓ ylw̓éysa wood in a tree that is so twisted that it's impossible to split it for firewood; Cr s+díluʔ switch, whip; Sh √yel, yal be wound around; Li zál-an to twist s.t. (esp. branches in order to make a rope).

ylw2   cricket.

yal̕wánk   Morph: yal̕wánk. 1 • Cricket.

2 • yal̕wánk(man's name).

syal̕wánk, sy̓al̕wánk   Morph: s+yal̕wánk. 1 • crickets. Lit: big belly

2 • sy̓al̕wánk (man's name). Sp s-y̓el̕w̓énč cricket; Cm siyálw̓nk mormon cricket; Cr s+le·w̓íneč cricket.

ylw3   branch, switch.

syilw̓   Morph: s+ylw̓. a branch; a switch.

syilwy̓   Morph: s+yílwy̓ ? a twig; a whip. Sp √yel̕w̓ ... s yél̕u small switch; Cr s+díluʔ switch, whip.

ylwst   Chilwist Creek.

cylw̓ist   Morph: c+ylw̓íst. Chilwist Creek.

ylwʔ   lazy horse.

syaʔyáʔlwiʔ   Morph: s+yaʔ•yáʔlwiʔ. lazy horse.

ylxʷ   cover.

ylxʷ   Morph: ylxʷ. to cover s.t., to wrap s.t.

ylxʷus   Morph: ylxʷus. to cover one's face.

kylxʷíc̓aʔ   Morph: k+ylxʷíc̓aʔ. to wrap s.t. in s.t.

kylxʷínaʔ   Morph: k+ylxʷínaʔ. to cover, wrap s.t.

nylxʷupstn   Morph: n+ylxʷups+tn. a diaper.

nylylxʷupstn   Morph: n+yl•ylxʷups+tn. diapers.

k̓ɬyxʷlscut   Morph: k̓ɬ+yxʷlscut. underwear.

k̓ɬylxʷílstn   Morph: k̓ɬ+ylxʷíls+tn. an apron.

k̓ɬkylxʷílstn   Morph: k̓ɬ+k+ylxʷíls+tn. an apron.

k̓ɬylxʷip   Morph: k̓ɬ+ylxʷip. to lower a door flap.

ɬk̓ɬylxʷip   Morph: ɬ+k̓ɬ+ylxʷip. to lower a flap again.

kɬylxʷus   Morph: kɬ+ylxʷus. cataract. Sp √yel̕xʷ covered, draped, wrapped around, wound; yél̕xʷ it's covered, it's wrapped around; hec n yl̕xʷús one of his eyes is covered; č-yl̕xʷélpsčšn lap robe; č̕ɬ-n-y̓l̕xʷp-n-cút-n it's his tipi flap door; Cr yél̕xʷ cover (to...with cloth); en+yél̕+yl̕xʷús blindfolded ... lit. he was covered as to the eyes; niʔ+yl̕xʷúsšn apron ... lit. a covering for the lap; Sh √yel, yal be wound around; Th /zi[ʔ]xʷ wrap; Li zál-xal to twist s.t.

ylx̌   ylix̌ (man's name).

ylix̌, ilíx̌   Morph: ylix̌. ylix̌ (man's name).

yl̕   cyal̕qn (place name).

cyal̕qn, ciyál̕qn   Morph: c+yál̕qn. ciyál̕qn (George Washington Creek). Lit: hidden; hard to find ?

scyal̕qn   Morph: sc+yal̕qn. scyal̕qn (George Washington Creek).

   yuɬlst (man's name).

yuɬlst   Morph: yuɬlst. yuɬlst (man's name).

yɬmt   yɬmtal̕qs (woman's name).

yɬmtal̕qs   Morph: yɬmtal̕qs ? yɬmtal̕qs (woman's name).

yƛ̓   mad.

ny̓ƛ̓aƛ̓   Morph: n+y̓ƛ̓•aƛ̓. to get mad.

ym1   cornered, helpless.

ymscut   Morph: ym+scut. to be cornered; to be helpless.

ymmscut, ym̓m̓scut   Morph: ym•m+scut. to be cornered; to be in fear; to be helpless. Cr siymscut (make effort).

yimkstm   Morph: yimkst+m. to force, corner or crowd s.o. Sp hi čn yém̓ I'm so uneasy; Cm ym̓‑ym̓‑t be difficult; Cr i·+dém+m effete ... (lit. He is wearing out as a result of age).

ym2   curse.

yumcn   Morph: yumcn. yumcn (place name).

syum   Morph: s+yum. a curse.

syumcn   Morph: s+yumcn. 1 • a curse; magic power or helper.

2 • a relative; wife's previous husband.

ksyumcn   Morph: k+s+yumcn. a curse. Sp √yum̓ superstition, birthmark; hec č s yúm̓ t i the baby was born with an unusual birthmark (traceable to the actions of the parents); Cr s+dúmcn bosom friend, chum, friend (intimate...).

ym3   symatkʷ (woman's name).

symatkʷ   Morph: s+ymatkʷ. symatkʷ (woman's name).

ym4   quake.

ymyumlx, ym̓yum̓lx   Morph: ym•yumlx. quake; earthquake; objects move.

yúm̓miʔst   Morph: yúm̓+miʔst. to move; to make a move. See Sp √yun̓ to move involuntarily; yún̓-miʔst he moved suddenly after being asleep (or still) for quite a while; Cm yum̓ to move slightly; Cr u·+dún̓ moved (it suddenly...).

ym5   rush.

y̓úy̓ma   Morph: y̓ú•y̓ma ? spike rush.

ymns   confess.

ymnsmist   Morph: ymns+mist. to confess.

ymqʷ   insignificant.

ymyamqʷt   Morph: ym•yamqʷ+t. to be small, insignificant.

ymwt   yamáwt (man's name).

yamáwt   Morph: yamáwt ? yamáwt (mans name).

ymx̌ʷʔ   cedar bark basket.

yámx̌ʷaʔ   Morph: yámx̌ʷaʔ. cedar bark basket.

yáy̓mx̌ʷaʔ, y̓áy̓mx̌ʷaʔ   Morph: yá•y̓mx̌ʷaʔ. cedar bark basket; little basket.

ymyámx̌ʷaʔ   Morph: ym•yámx̌ʷaʔ. baskets. Cm yámx̌ʷaʔ cedar basket; Cr yámx̌ʷeʔ corn husk hat (used also for picking berries).

yn   ny̓anínkn̓ (place name).

ny̓anínkn̓   Morph: n+y̓an•ínkn̓. ny̓anínkn̓ (place name). Lit: narrow ravine

ynm   ynmascúɬm (man's name).

ynmascúɬm   Morph: ynma+s+cúɬ+m ? ynmascúɬm (man's name).

ynw   soar.

yinwlx   Morph: yinw+lx. 1 • to glide in circles; to soar.

2 • yinwlx (man's name). Sp √yel̕w̓ ylw̓éysa wood in a tree that is so twisted that it's impossible to split it for firewood.

ynxʷ   hemlock.

ynixʷ   Morph: ynixʷ. 1 • water hemlock.

2 • wild parsnip.

n̓yn̓xʷitkʷ   Morph: n+yn̓xʷítkʷ. 1 • n̓yn̓xʷitkʷ (Cobbs Creek).

2 • n̓yn̓xʷitkʷ (place name). Lit: water hemlock in water (creek)

yp1   tree, post, stand.

yip   Morph: yip. to stand; to be standing.

cyip   Morph: c+yip. a tree; a post.

kyipw̓s   Morph: k+yipw̓s. Republic.

snyipwɬ   Morph: s+n+yipwɬ. boat mast. Sh ɣep-m to put up (e.g. a pole); Th ɣép-mn flagpole; Li ɣə́p-mən post.

kɬyipw̓s   Morph: kɬ+yipw̓s. Republic. Lit: a lone [pine] on the flat

kɬyípw̓st   Morph: kɬ+yipw̓s+t. Republic. Sh s-cɣ-ep tree ... “The word cɣep is prob. originally the status form of yep-m to put up (e.g. a pole); in the pl scɣcɣep trees}, cɣ- is treated as a root and -ep can be identified with the suffix.” Kuipers 1974:173. See: ɣp.

yp2   dark, dusk.

kypúlaʔxʷ, kipúlaʔxʷ   Morph: k+ypúlaʔxʷ. dark; dusk.

yp3   cover.

kyípnaʔ   Morph: k+yípnaʔ. to cover s.t.; to put a tombstone on.

ypn   ypaníc̓aʔ (man's name).

ypaníc̓aʔ   Morph: ypaníc̓aʔ ? ypaníc̓aʔ (man's name).

yqmʔ   Yakima.

yáqmaʔ   Morph: yáqmaʔ. yáqmaʔ (Yakima; Ellensburg).

sy̓áqmaʔx   Morph: s+y̓áqmaʔx. sy̓áqmaʔx (Yakima people). Sp yiʔáqmeʔ Yakima, Yakima Indian; Cm ayaʔáqmaʔəxʷ Kittitas and Yakima Valley Indians; Cr yaʔáqmeʔ Yakima.

yq̓1   belt.

yq̓ip   Morph: yq̓ip. a belt.

yq̓iw̓sm   Morph: yq̓iw̓s+m. to tie s.t. with a belt.

kyq̓alqʷ   Morph: k+yq̓alqʷ. to be tied to a pole.

nyq̓palqstn   Morph: n+yq̓+palqs+tn. (to wear) a belt. See Th q̓ip̓ belt, waistband. See: ʔyq̓.

yq̓2   k̓ɬy̓aq̓ (place name).

k̓ɬy̓aq̓, k̓ɬiy̓áq̓   Morph: k̓ɬ+y̓aq̓. k̓ɬy̓aq̓ (place name). Lit: crossing

yq̓3   scrape.

yq̓min   Morph: yq̓+min. (grinding) file.

kyq̓ip   Morph: k+yq̓íp ? to scrape s.t.

skyq̓ínkm   Morph: s+k+yq̓ínk+m. violin, fiddle.

nyq̓ísk̓itm   Morph: n+yq̓ísk̓it+m. to groan (e.g. while fighting).

nyq̓ísk̓iʔtm   Morph: n+yq̓ísk̓iʔt+m. to grunt.

nyq̓yq̓ísk̓itm   Morph: n+yq̓•yq̓ísk̓it+m. to groan. Sp y̓iq̓ sound of creaking bones, sound of creaking timbers; Cr:yq̓ , is+yáq̓+yaq̓+iš creak.

yq̓nst   yq̓nstúlaʔxʷ (man's name).

yq̓nstúlaʔxʷ   Morph: yq̓nstúlaʔxʷ ? yq̓nstúlaʔxʷ (man's name).

yqʷ   unsettled.

yaqʷ   Morph: yaqʷ. ?

yqʷqʷimmt   Morph: yqʷ•qʷ•im•m+t. to be unsettled, upset.

yq̓ʷ   yaq̓ʷmáx̌n (man's name).

yaq̓ʷmáx̌n   Morph: yaq̓ʷ+máx̌n. yaq̓ʷmáx̌n (man's name).

yq̓ʷʔ   rotten wood.

yáq̓ʷiʔ   Morph: yáq̓ʷiʔ. rotten wood (also used for smoking hides). Sp yóq̓ʷiʔ (yoq̓ʷey) general term for decayed wood; Cr doq̓ʷ wood (...is rotten); Sh yʔuq̓ʷ rotting, rotten.

yr1   push.

yir   Morph: yir. to push.

yirr   Morph: yir•r. to be pushed.

yryr   Morph: yr•yr. to push s.t. or s.o.

yrr   Morph: yr•r. to be or get pushed.

cyripm   Morph: c+yrip+m. to pull.

yrmi(n)   Morph: yr+mi(n). to push s.t.; to push s.t. away.

yrrmi   Morph: yr•r+mi. to get s.t. pushed.

yrmnus   Morph: yr+mnus. to push away from s.t.

kyriptn   Morph: k+yrip+tn. Push Pack (place name).

nyram   Morph: n+yra+m. to push.

nyrmi   Morph: n+yr+mi. to push s.t. or s.o. into some place.

nyrmnu   Morph: n+yr+m+nu. to push s.t. down.

kɬyrmnitkʷ   Morph: kɬ+yr+mnitkʷ. to launch a canoe.

k̓ɬyrmnils   Morph: k̓ɬ+yr+mnils. to turn s.o. down. Cm yr‑mi(n)‑nt‑xʷ you push s.o.

yr2   circle, coil, tangled. Category: i a Ablaut.

yar̓   Morph: yar̓. to be coiled.

yir   Morph: yir. to be round.

yirr   Morph: yir•r. to be round.

yryir   Morph: yr•yir. to be round; to (tape) record; a circle; a coil.

yryr   Morph: yr•yr. to coil s.t.

yram   Morph: yra+m. to make a circle.

yrncut   Morph: yr+ncut. 1 • to form a circle.

2 • the full moon.

yrmncut   Morph: yr+mn+cut. to form a circle.

yrikst   Morph: yrikst. to be coiled.

yrksncut   Morph: yrks+ncut. to coil up.

yríwaxn   Morph: yríwaxn. snowshoe; snow shoeing.

yríwaʔxn   Morph: yríwaʔxn. to wear snowshoes; to do snowshoeing. Sp hi yryíršn he has round feet; Cm sy̓ar̓iw̓áʔxn̓ round snowshoes; Cr dar curved objects stand with concave surface up.

yríwaʔxnm   Morph: yríwaʔxn+m. to wear snowshoes; to be showshoeing; to snowshoe.

yryríwaʔxnm   Morph: yr•yríwaʔxn+m. several people snowshoe.

syríwaxn   Morph: s+yríwaxn. snowshoes.

syríwaʔxn   Morph: s+yríwaʔxn. snow shoes.

syrus   Morph: s+yrus. a trap.

yrknaʔpaw̓stxn   Morph: yrknaʔ+aw̓s+txn ? yrknaʔpaw̓stxn (one of the names of Coyote's second son).

yrnaʔɬpáw̓stxn   Morph: yrnaʔ+ɬpáw̓s+txn ? yrnaʔɬpáw̓stxn (one of Coyote's sons). Lit: tangled foot

sy̓ir̓qín̓   Morph: s+y̓ir̓qín̓. sy̓ir̓qín̓: area immediately north from Cobbs Creek. Lit: tangled at the top end

kyr   Morph: k+yr. to tie or loop s.t. around.

skyrnaʔɬpáw̓stxn   Morph: s+k+yrnaʔ+ɬpáw̓s+txn. skyrnaʔɬpáw̓stxn: the name of one of Coyote's sons (Tanglefoot). Lit: tangled foot

nyrip   Morph: n+yrip. the back of the tipi.

snyrip   Morph: s+n+yrip. snyrip (place name). Lit: circular back area

kɬyirw̓s   Morph: kɬ+yirw̓s. kɬyirw̓s (place name). Lit: round open area

kɬy̓y̓irw̓s   Morph: kɬ+y̓•y̓irw̓s. kɬy̓y̓irw̓s (place name). Lit: little round open area

k̓ɬyir   Morph: k̓ɬ+yir. to go in a circle.

k̓ɬyr(a)   Morph: k̓ɬ+yra. to prepare s.t. in a circle.

k̓ɬyrcin   Morph: k̓ɬ+yrcin. a kerchief; a necktie. Sp hi yir it's round, it's a circle; √yer̓ (yal̕) to be tangled; yir(é) (yal(é)) (Ka) round; č-yr̓ér̓ it became entwined around something; Cm yər be round, spherical; yər̓nt‑xʷ you wind s.t. around s.t.; Cr yar roll; dar curved objects stand with concave surface up; Cr yar roll (to...a hooplike object); Sh √yel, yal be wound around; Th zəy reel wind; /zəl̕-t-és make s.t. round, circular, or in a circle; Li √zəl to turn. See: yrk̓ʷ.

yr3   currant.

yarkn̓   Morph: yarkn̓. squaw currant (berries); Coyote berries.

yar̓qn   Morph: yar̓qn. squaw currant (berries); Coyote berries.

yrkn̓iɬp   Morph: yrkn̓iɬp. squaw currant.

yrkn̓iɬml̕x   Morph: yrkn̓iɬml̕x. squaw currant. Ques: k or q ?

yr4   great-great-great-grandparent, great-great-great-grandchild.

yár̓wyaʔ   Morph: yár̓wyaʔ. great-great-great-grandparent; great-great-great-grandchild.

yryárwyaʔ   Morph: yr•yárwyaʔ ? fifth generation grandmother or grandchild.

yr5   yr̓sq̓ax̌píc̓aʔ (man's name).

yr̓sq̓ax̌píc̓aʔ   Morph: yr̓+s+q̓ax̌+píc̓aʔ. yr̓sq̓ax̌píc̓aʔ (man's name).

yr6   alfalfa.

y̓ir̓y̓ir̓qín   Morph: y̓ir̓•y̓ir̓qín. alfalfa and American vetch.

y̓r̓y̓r̓qin   Morph: y̓r̓•y̓r̓qin. alfalfa and American vetch.

yrk̓ʷ   bend, curve, loop.

yark̓ʷ   Morph: yark̓ʷ. to be crooked or curvy; to make a loop.

yryark̓ʷ   Morph: yr•yark̓ʷ. to be crooked.

syryark̓ʷ   Morph: s+yr•yark̓ʷ. to be crooked or bent.

yrik̓ʷxnm   Morph: yrik̓ʷxn+m. to make snowshoes.

yirk̓ʷxnm   Morph: yirk̓ʷxn+m. to make snowshoes.

nyark̓ʷáqs   Morph: n+yark̓ʷáqs. a crooked road.

nyrk̓ʷiptn   Morph: n+yrk̓ʷip+tn. a hoop.

nyryrk̓ʷusxn   Morph: n+yr•yrk̓ʷusxn. bow legs.

nyrk̓ʷw̓scin   Morph: n+yrk̓ʷ+w̓scin. nyrk̓ʷw̓scin (man's name).

k̓ɬnyrk̓ʷip   Morph: k̓ɬ+n+yrk̓ʷip. to place a hoop.

k̓ɬnyrk̓ʷiptn   Morph: k̓ɬ+n+yrk̓ʷip+tn. a hoop; s.t. to make a hoop with.

k̓ɬyrk̓ʷcnikst   Morph: k̓ɬ+yrk̓ʷcnikst. wrist band; s.t. that circles the wrist.

k̓ɬyrk̓ʷcn̓íkaʔst   Morph: k̓ɬ+yrk̓ʷcn̓íkaʔst. a bracelet.

sk̓ɬyrk̓ʷcn̓íkaʔst   Morph: s+k̓ɬ+yrk̓ʷcn̓íkaʔst. a bracelet.

kɬnyrk̓ʷip   Morph: kɬ+n+yrk̓ʷip. to put or place a hoop. Sp yerk̓ʷ (yalk̓ʷ) bent, crooked; √yilk̓ʷ to rub in a circular motion, to wind; Cm yrk̓ʷ‑m to bend around; Cr yark̓ʷ crooked, curved; Sh yelk̓ʷ, ylok̓ʷ curve, coil, hollow; Th √zeyək̓ʷ surround hole; √zələk̓ʷ curl / coil; Li zál-k̓ʷ-ən to wrap s.t. up, tr. See: yr2.

yrpʔ   yurpáʔ (man's name).

yurpáʔ   Morph: yurpáʔ ? yurpáʔ (man's name).

yrqʷʔ   Iroquois.

yírqʷaʔ   Morph: yírqʷaʔ ? Iroquois.

ys1   wrapped.

nyuslt   Morph: n+yuslt. a wrapped baby. Sh yus-m to tie up (e.g. end of braid); Th zús bind; Li zús-xal to tie s.t. or s.o.

ys2   red.

yus   Morph: yus. dark red.

ys3   ice saw.

áysa   Morph: áysa. From: English ice saw. ice saw.

yskr   Jesus Christ.

yasukrí   Morph: yasukrí. From: French Jésus Christ. Jesus Christ. Cm səsukrí Jesus Christ; Cr ǰisukrí Jesus Christ.

yt1   raven. Category: (Un)rounding matches.

yutlx   Morph: yutlx. Raven; raven.

yutlxʷ   Morph: yutlxʷ. Raven; raven. See: ytlxʷ.

yt2   alumroot.

ytytmniɬp, yititmníɬp   Morph: yt•yt+mníɬp. alumroot.

ytkʷ   rot, decay.

ytakʷ   Morph: ytakʷ. rotten, likely to fall apart when touched.

ytytakʷ   Morph: yt•ytakʷ. rotten, likely to fall apart when touched.

sytakʷ   Morph: s+ytakʷ. to decay.

nytkʷíɬc̓aʔ   Morph: n+ytkʷíɬc̓aʔ. rotten inside.

nytkʷip   Morph: n+ytkʷip. to be rotten at the bottom. Sp yetékʷ well-cooked meat, rotted clothing material; Cr yetkʷ decay, decompose, putrify, rot.

ytp   yatpíc̓aʔ (woman's name).

yatpíc̓aʔ   Morph: yatpíc̓aʔ ? yatpíc̓aʔ (woman's name).

yt̓   crowd.

nyat̓   Morph: n+yat̓. a crowd.

yw1   cross the water.

nywilx   Morph: nywilx. to cross the water. See Sh x-yew-m to fetch water (from river or spring); see Th n/zéw̓-m go for water...; see Li záw-əm to fish with a dipnet (moving the net around...).

yw2   wait.

k̓ɬyaʔwám   Morph: k̓ɬ+yaʔwám. to wait; to be waiting.

yws   death camas.

yw̓istn, yiw̓ístn   Morph: yiw̓ís+tn. death camas.

yx1   this side.

ck̓ɬyxus   Morph: c+k̓ɬ+yxus. on this side of the mountain.

ck̓ɬnyíxaʔ   Morph: c+k̓ɬ+n+yíxaʔ ? on this side of s.t.

ck̓ɬnyxilp   Morph: c+k̓ɬ+n+yxilp. on this side of the room.

ck̓ɬnyxaqs   Morph: c+k̓ɬ+n+yxaqs. on this side of the road.

yx2   turkey.

nyxyaxlps   Morph: n+yx•yaxlps. white turkey.

yxp   bailed hay.

syxpíc̓aʔ   Morph: s+yxpíc̓aʔ. baled hay.

yxʔ1   short while.

sayxáxaʔ   Morph: s+ayxáxaʔ. a little while.

nk̓ʷayxáxaʔ   Morph: nk̓ʷ+ayxáxaʔ. in a while; a little while. See: 1.

yxʔ2   nyxʔúlaʔxʷms (place name).

nyxʔúlaʔxʷms   Morph: n+yxʔúlaʔxʷ+m+s. nyxʔúlaʔxʷms (place name).

yxʷ1   down, below.

yaxʷt   Morph: yaxʷt. to fall; to fall off s.t.

cyaxʷt   Morph: c+yaxʷt. to fall off s.t.; to fall from a height.

ɬyaxʷt   Morph: ɬ+yaxʷ+t. to fall off again.

ɬcyaxʷt   Morph: ɬ+c+yaxʷ+t. to have fallen again.

yayáxʷt   Morph: ya•yáxʷ+t. to keep dropping or falling off.

yayúxʷt   Morph: ya•yúxʷt. to fall (in Skunk's stylized speech).

y̓xʷútaʔ   Morph: y̓xʷut+aʔ. a little lower.

yxʷmst   Morph: yxʷ+m+st. to lower s.t.

cyxʷmst   Morph: c+yxʷ+m+st. to pull s.t. or s.o. down.

yxʷmin   Morph: yxʷ+min. to drop a single item.

yxʷmncut   Morph: yxʷ+mncut. to get off; to dismount; to dive.

ɬcyxʷmncut   Morph: ɬ+c+yxʷ+mncut. to dive or swoop down again.

cyxʷmlxus   Morph: c+yxʷ+m+lxus. to go below or down.

yxʷmus   Morph: yxʷ+mus. to come down hard and cold [said of snow]; north wind.

syxʷitkʷ   Morph: s+yxʷitkʷ. waterfall.

scyxʷitkʷ   Morph: sc+yxʷitkʷ. waterfall.

y̓xʷítkʷm̓   Morph: y̓xʷítkʷ+m̓. y̓xʷítkʷm̓ (place name). Lit: small dropoffs in creek

yxʷáyaʔqn   Morph: yxʷáyaʔqn. to lower one's head.

yxʷilxqnm   Morph: yxʷilxqn+m. 1 • horn shedding.

2 • yxʷilxqnm (man's name).

yxʷitkʷm   Morph: yxʷitkʷ+m. a waterfall; water falls.

yxʷiwt   Morph: yxʷiwt. a tassel; fringe. Lit: it hangs down

yxʷmsúlaʔxʷ   Morph: yxʷmsúlaʔxʷ. 1 • yxʷmsúlaʔxʷ (place name). Lit: north wind land

2 • yxʷmsúlaʔxʷ (place name).

yxʷtpalqs   Morph: yxʷ+t+palqs. shirt; skirt; garment.

yxʷut   Morph: yxʷut. below; down.

yxʷtus   Morph: yxʷ+tus+m. to fall off of s.t.; to fall over.

sy̓xʷl̕xip   Morph: s+yxʷ+l̕xip. sy̓xʷl̕xip (place name). Lit: getting towards the end

kyxʷáyaʔqn   Morph: kyxʷáyaʔqn. s.t. falls on one's hair.

kyxʷus   Morph: k+yxʷús. s.t. falls in one's eye.

skyxʷtalqʷ   Morph: s+k+yxʷtalqʷ. below the line.

skyxʷtaw̓sqn   Morph: s+k+yxʷ+taw̓sqn. lower lip.

nyaxʷt   Morph: n+yaxʷ+t. to fall in.

cnyaxʷt   Morph: c+nyaxʷ+t. to come downstream.

nyxʷíɬc̓aʔ   Morph: n+yxʷíɬc̓aʔ. innards.

nyxʷut   Morph: n+yxʷ+ut. inside.

snyxʷut   Morph: s+n+yxʷut. depth.

nyxʷyxʷut   Morph: n+yxʷ•yxʷut. to be deep.

nyxʷtúlaʔxʷ   Morph: n+yxʷtúlaʔxʷ. a basement; underground; a pit.

nyxʷtíɬc̓aʔ   Morph: n+yxʷtíɬc̓aʔ. the insides of a body; a stomach; innards.

nyxʷtink   Morph: n+yxʷ+tink. below or under a surface (e.g. the sky).

nyxʷitkʷ   Morph: nyxʷitkʷ. to fall in the water; to drop in the water.

nyxʷtitkʷ   Morph: nyxʷtitkʷ. (to be) in the water.

snyxʷtitkʷ   Morph: s+nyxʷtitkʷ. the depth of the water.

snyxʷtíɬc̓aʔ   Morph: s+n+yxʷ+tíɬc̓aʔ. 1 • the insides of a body; stomach; guts.

2 • the insides of s.t.

sny̓xʷínaʔ, snʔiʔxʷínaʔ   Morph: s+n+y̓xʷínaʔ. sny̓xʷínaʔ: area, now inundated, along the former west side of the Columbia, not far south from the spot now known as Mission Point, formerly a camping area utilized during the fishing season. Lit: drop down from higher to lower bench

la nyxʷut   Morph: la n+yxʷut. inside.

k̓ɬyaxʷt   Morph: k̓ɬ+yaxʷ+t. to fall or come off (e.g. a button, an arrow head).

k̓ɬyxʷut   Morph: k̓ɬ+yxʷut. what is underneath, underground, under.

sk̓ɬyxʷut   Morph: s+k̓ɬ+yxʷut. to be below.

k̓ɬyxʷutm   Morph: k̓ɬ+yxʷut+m. to be under(neath) s.t.; to put s.t. under s.t.

k̓ɬyxʷtscut   Morph: k̓ɬ+yxʷ+t+scut. to put oneself down; to feel inferior.

k̓ɬkyxʷut   Morph: k̓ɬ+k+yxʷut. to go below; to take the lower route.

k̓ɬyxʷtlscut   Morph: k̓ɬ+yxʷ+tlscut. underwear.

k̓ɬyxʷtalqʷ   Morph: k̓ɬ+yxʷ+talqʷ. below the line.

k̓ɬyxʷtaw̓sqn   Morph: k̓ɬ+yxʷ+taw̓sqn. lower lip.

k̓ɬyxʷtisxn   Morph: k̓ɬ+yxʷ+tisxn. anvil.

kɬyxʷtpálqs   Morph: kɬ+yxʷ+t+pálqs. underwear; an undergarment.

yxʷspuʔús   Morph: yxʷ+s+puʔús. the heart drops. Sp yšut bottom, below; √yixʷmús cold weather; yixʷmúsm the weather is cold (or stormy); yštpálqs shirt; č̕ɬ-yštls-cút underwear, men's union suits; Cm yxʷ‑ut south; k‑yxʷ‑m‑atkʷ be downstream; k‑yxʷ‑m–s–akst downriver, down below; Cr dexʷ descend, dismount, dropped (it was...), lower; s+duxʷ+tíl̕kʷeʔ cascade, waterfall; Sh yuxʷ descend; yuxʷ-t to move downstream; Th √zíx go lower; Li √zəxʷ ... to fall into s.t., zaxʷ-úl̕-qs to start a bad cold.

yxʷ2   envy.

yixʷxʷ   Morph: yixʷ•xʷ. to brag.

mysk̓ɬyíxʷlsm, misk̓ɬyíxʷlsm   Morph: my+s+k̓ɬ+yíxʷls+m. to envy s.t. more or worse. Sp √yixʷ, √yuxʷ to covet, to envy; yuxʷ to be envious, to covet; Cm kyəxʷtmí‑nn, n‑yxʷ‑xʷ‑mi(n)‑(nt)‑nn I envy s.o.

yxʷ3   winter dance.

nyxʷm   Morph: n+yxʷ+m. winter dance; to sing or dance as a therapy.

nyxʷam   Morph: n+yxʷa+m. to winter dance; winter song.

snyxʷam   Morph: s+n+yxʷa+m. to dance Indian style.

nyxʷmsúlaʔxʷ   Morph: n+yxʷ+msúlaʔxʷ ? nyxʷmsúlaʔxʷ (place name). Lit: north wind land Sp √yixʷmús cold weather; Cr yuxʷmús cold, freezing, frigid (It is very...).

yxʷ4   imitate, copy.

nyxʷaxʷ   Morph: n+yxʷ•axʷ. to copy; to imitate.

nyxʷxʷuɬ   Morph: n+yxʷ•xʷ+uɬ. imitator, copy cat.

nyxʷxʷmi   Morph: n+yxʷ•xʷ+mi. to imitate s.o.; to copy s.o. or s.t. Sp √yuxʷ to be envious, to covet; Cm yuxʷ‑xʷ, na‑yxʷ‑xʷ to imitate, copy; Cr hn+duxʷ+xʷelgʷes+mí+ncut begrudge, envious.

yxʷ5   Monday.

skyxʷásq̓t   Morph: s+k+yxʷásq̓t. Monday.

skyxʷiw̓s   Morph: s+k+yxʷiw̓s. Monday.

yxʷ6   yxʷ in men's names.

ɬyxʷútaʔ   Morph: ɬ+yxʷ+útaʔ. ɬyxʷútaʔ (man's name).

syxʷilxqn   Morph: s+yxʷilxqn. syxʷilxqn (man's name).

yxʷms   syxʷmsúlaʔxʷ (place name).

syxʷmsúlaʔxʷ   Morph: s+yxʷmsúlaʔxʷ ? syxʷmsúlaʔxʷ (place name). Lit: north-wind land See: yxʷ3.

yxʷp   Shuswap, Kamloops Indians.

syxʷapmx   Morph: s+yxʷapmx. Shuswap, Kamloops Indians. Cm suswáp Shuswaps; Th s/zxʷépmx Shuswap Indian(s).

yx̌1   slide, drag, drive.

yx̌a   Morph: yx̌a. 1 • to drag s.t.

2 • to drive stock or game.

yax̌   Morph: yax̌. ?

yx̌i   Morph: yx̌i. 1 • to drive stock or wild animals.

2 • to put space between drivers.

yx̌yax̌t   Morph: yx̌•yax̌+t. to be bold, ahead of the pack; to be greedy, pushy.

yx̌yx̌ncút   Morph: yx̌•yx̌+ncút. to be greedy, pushy, wanting to be first. Sp √yax̌ abrasive, bothersome; yx̌yáx̌t he's a bothersome person.

yx̌is   Morph: yx̌is. to drive stock or wild animals.

yx̌ipm   Morph: yx̌ip+m. to slide on one's bottom; to drag one's bottom.

yʔx̌ipm   Morph: yʔx̌ip+m. to slide.

yx̌pncut   Morph: yx̌+p+ncut. to drag oneʼs bottom.

yx̌ist   Morph: yx̌is+t. to drive stock or wild animals.

yx̌sqáx̌aʔ   Morph: yx̌sqáx̌aʔ. to drive a herd. Sp yx̌sqáx̌aʔ hedrove the horses away he herded the animals; yx̌en to chase fish into fishtrap.

yx̌lxsqáx̌aʔm   Morph: yx̌+lxsqáx̌aʔ+m. to move a herd (of cattle).

nyx̌   Morph: n+yx̌. to drive stock into a place.

nyx̌istxncút   Morph: n+yx̌istxn+cút ? to drive by following tracks.

snyx̌min   Morph: s+n+yx̌+min. snyx̌min (place name). Lit: deer-herding place

k̓ɬyx̌am   Morph: k̓ɬ+yx̌a+m. to crowd s.o.

kɬyx̌(a)   Morph: kɬ+yx̌(a). to drag s.t.; to slide s.t. Sp √yx̌ yx̌sqáx̌eʔ he drove the horses away, he herded the animals; Cm s‑yaʔx̌ to chase, herd; Cr dax̌ round-up, drive (cattle, etc.); Sh yx̌en to chase fish into fishtrap; Th zəx̌ move; /yəx̌-t-és ... move two elements apart so as to leave a space between; Li zəx̌ to move, start s.t.

yx̌2   yx̌x̌úlaʔxʷ (man's name).

yx̌x̌úlaʔxʷ   Morph: yx̌•x̌úlaʔxʷ. yx̌x̌úlaʔxʷ (man's name).

yx̌ʕ   watch.

yaʕyáʕx̌aʔ   Morph: yaʕ•yáʕx̌aʔ. to watch s.t. (a show, a ceremony ...) or s.o.

snyayáx̌aʕtn   Morph: s+n+ya•yáx̌aʕ+tn. television.

sny̓ay̓áx̌aʕtn   Morph: s+n+y̓a•y̓áx̌aʕ+tn. movie theater. See: yx̌ʔ.

yx̌ʔ   watch.

yayáx̌aʔ   Morph: ya•yáx̌aʔ. to watch s.t. (a show, a ceremony ...) or s.o.

yaʔyáx̌aʔm   Morph: yaʔ•yáx̌aʔ+m. to watch.

scyayáx̌aʔ   Morph: s+c+ya•yáx̌aʔ. television.

ʔawsyayáx̌aʔm   Morph: ʔaw+s+ya•yáx̌aʔ+m. to go watch s.t.

kʔawsyayáx̌aʔm   Morph: k+ʔaw+s+ya•yáx̌aʔ+m. to go watch s.t.

kʔawsyaʔyáʔx̌aʔm, k̓awsyaʔyáʔx̌aʔm   Morph: k+ʔaw+s+yaʔ•yáʔx̌aʔ+m. to go watch s.t. See: yx̌ʕ.

yx̌ʷt   badger.

yx̌ʷyx̌ʷutxn   Morph: yx̌ʷ•yx̌ʷutxn. Badger, badger. Sp s-x̌ʷix̌ʷyútšn badger, one with sharp feet; Cm yx̌ʷ-yx̌ʷ-ut-xn badger; Cr yax̌+yax̌+útšn badger (lit. sound of scratching feet).

1   gather.

yaʕ̓   Morph: yaʕ̓. to arrive; to gather.

ɬyaʕ̓   Morph: ɬ+yaʕ̓. to gather again.

yaʕ̓ʕ̓   Morph: yaʕ̓•ʕ̓. to gather; to be gathered.

ɬyyaʕ   Morph: ɬ+y•yaʕ ? to gather again.

yʔaʕ̓   Morph: y[ʔ]aʕ̓. to gather; to begin to gather.

sy̓aʕ̓   Morph: s+y̓aʕ̓. a gathering place.

syʕ̓aʔ   Morph: s+yʕ̓aʔ. a celebration; a gathering.

cyaʕ̓   Morph: c+yaʕ̓. lots; things gathered; many; all.

ɬcyaʕ̓   Morph: ɬ+c+yaʕ̓. to gather again.

syaʕ̓   Morph: s+yaʕ̓. gathering; celebration.

scyaʕ̓míx   Morph: sc+yaʕ̓+míx. a gathering.

syaʕ̓ʕ̓míx   Morph: s+yaʕ̓•ʕ̓+míx. those who have gathered.

ɬyaʕ̓mí   Morph: ɬ+yaʕ̓+mí. to return to a place.

yaʕ̓mílx   Morph: yaʕ̓+m+ílx. to gather together.

ɬyaʕ̓mílx   Morph: ɬ+yaʕ̓+mílx. to gather again.

yaʕlwís   Morph: yaʕ+lwís. to gather.

yaʕyaʕncút   Morph: yaʕ•yaʕ+ncút. to rustle or gather s.t.; to search for and gather s.t. Sp hi yaʔyaʔncút he gathered up all he owned and donated it to a worthy cause; Cm yaʕ̓‑aʕ̓ to get together (people); Cr yaʕ assemble, crowd, gather.

yaʕ̓íɬc̓aʔ   Morph: yaʕ̓íɬc̓aʔ. to gather meat.

yaʕ̓lscút   Morph: yaʕ̓lscút. goods arrive.

cyaʕ   Morph: c+yaʕ. all; everyone; lots.

yaʕ̓mncút   Morph: yaʕ̓+mncút. all are together; all meet.

yaʕ̓mscút   Morph: yaʕ̓+mscút. several go. Sp yiʕaʔp they all arrived together; Cr c+yaʕ̓ all arrived; Sh c-yʕ-ep to arrive (from far).

yaʕ̓spuʔúsm   Morph: yaʕ̓+s+puʔús+m. to agree.

kyaʕ̓mí   Morph: k+yaʕ̓+mí. to gather several (together).

nyaʕ̓   Morph: n+yaʕ̓. to gather inside.

cnyʔaʕ̓   Morph: c+n+y[ʔ]aʕ̓. to gather here.

nyʔaʕ̓   Morph: n+y[ʔ]aʕ̓. to be gathered inside.

sny̓ʕ̓aʔ   Morph: s+n+y̓ʕ̓aʔ. a gathering.

nyaʕ̓tán   Morph: n+yaʕ̓+tán. a gathering place.

niʕ̓am   Morph: n+yaʕ̓+m. to gather people.

nyaʕ̓m   Morph: n+yaʕ̓+m. to gather people.

nyaʕ̓mí   Morph: n+yaʕ̓+mí. to gather inside; people gather inside.

nyaʕ̓mncút   Morph: n+yaʕ̓+mncút. to be all together; all meet.

nyaʕsqáx̌aʔm   Morph: n+yaʕsqáx̌aʔ+m. to corral horses.

snyaʕ̓tán   Morph: s+n+yaʕ̓+tán. gathering place.

kɬyaʕyaʕílxʷ, kɬyaʕyáʕylxʷ   Morph: kɬ+yaʕ•yaʕílxʷ. to have the equipment or clothing on oneself.

k̓ʷl̕sy̓aʕ̓   Morph: k̓ʷl̕+s+y̓aʕ̓. to give a potlach.

sk̓ʷl̕syʔaʕ̓   Morph: s+k̓ʷl̕+s+yʔaʕ̓. the gathering for a potlatch.

sk̓ʷl̕sy̓aʕ̓   Morph: s+k̓ʷl̕+s+y̓aʕ̓. to give a potlach.

ʔawsyáʕ̓   Morph: ʔaw+s+yáʕ̓. to go to a gathering. Sp √yaʕ̓ (yaʔ) gathered, accumulated; hec yáʕ̓ it is everything; hecyáʕ̓ (ʔecyáʕ̓) cyáʕ̓ all, everything, everyone; Cm syáʕ̓‑ʕ̓ gathering, meeting (also s‑yaʕ̓ʷ‑ʕ̓ʷ to meet, gather); Cr yaʕ assemble, crowd, gather; Th zaʕ, zaʕ•záʕ-t [of pelple] assembled, gotten together, having arrived at a place; zaʕ-m-ə́m assemble, collect, gather (things) in a particular place; yəʕ̓ assemble zʕ ~ zʕ̓, √zəʕ} group; zʕ-ə́m assemble, collect, gather things; zʕə́p pl. persons come, arrive, assemble, gather at a particular place [esp. just arrived]; Li zíʔ•zəʕ̓ each one, every one; n.zíʔ•zəʕ̓-s to go to everybody... See: 2; 3.

2   yʕ +p.

yaʕ̓p   Morph: yaʕ̓+p. several arrive.

cyaʕp   Morph: c+yaʕ+p. several arrive here.

ɬyaʕp   Morph: ɬ+yaʕ+p. several arrive again, get back.

ɬcyaʕp   Morph: ɬ+c+yaʕ+p. to get back (here); to arrive here again.

yyaʕp, iyáʕp   Morph: y•yáʕ+p. several arrive.

y̓yaʕ̓p   Morph: y̓•yaʕ̓+p. to arrive. Sp yiʕáʔp they all arrived together.

yʔap   Morph: yʔap. to be gathered.

yaʕpqín   Morph: yaʕ+pqín. several together; lots of. Sp hec y̓aʔpqíni he's celebrating; Cm yaʕ̓‑p-qin many, lots; Cr yáʕ̓+pqin̓ to abound.

yaʕ̓pqín   Morph: yaʕ̓+p+qín. many gathered; a lot.

yaʕpqínm   Morph: yaʕ+p+qín+m. to gather; to celebrate.

yaʕpqn̓íl̕t   Morph: yaʕpqn̓íl̕t. many children.

yaʕpst   Morph: yaʕ+p+st. to take s.o. some place; to gather everything or everyone.

ɬyaʕpst   Morph: ɬ+yaʕ+p+st. to take s.o. some place again; to gather everything or everyone again.

kyaʕptán   Morph: k+yaʕ+p+tán. the arrival of several. See: 1; 3.

3   all.

yayáʕt   Morph: ya•yaʕ+t. all.

yayáʕt   Morph: ya•yaʕ+t. all.

yaʕyáʕt   Morph: yaʕ•yáʕ+t. all; every; everyone; everything. Cm yaʕ̓yaʕ̓tú all, whole; Th zaʕˑ/záʕ-t [of peple] assembled, gotten together ...; zaʕˑ/zaʕ-péyqʷ all the poles are set up; Li zí˅ʔˑzəʕ̓ each one, every one.

yaʕtkstm   Morph: yaʕtkst+m. to try all kinds of things.

yaʕɬcwílxʷtn   Morph: yaʕ+ɬ+cwílxʷ+tn. the entire world; all the tribes.

yaʕ̓ɬcwílxʷtn   Morph: yaʕ̓+ɬ+cwílxʷ+tn. the whole world.

yaʕyáʕt k̓aʔkín̓   Morph: yaʕyáʕt k̓aʔkín̓. to everywhere; to all sorts of places.

yaʕyáʕt stim̓   Morph: yaʕ•yáʕ+t s+tim̓. everything.

yayáʕt swit   Morph: ya•yaʕ+t s+wit. all; everyone.

yaʕyáʕt swit   Morph: yaʕ•yaʕ+t s+wit. all; everyone.

yaʕyáʕt taʔkín̓   Morph: yaʕ•yáʕ+t ta+ʔkín̓. everywhere; all sorts of places. See: 1; 2.

4   shore.

yaʕcín, yaʕ̓cín   Morph: yaʕcin. 1 • the edge of the water; shore, where water joins dirt; shoreline; be close to shore.

2 • yaʕcín (place name). Lit: trail at mouth or edge Th zaʕcín walk along the waterline on the beach next to the water.

yaʕcníwɬ   Morph: yaʕcníwɬ. river bank.

yaʕcníwaʔɬ   Morph: yaʕcníwaʔɬ. yaʕcníwaʔɬ (place name). Lit: trail along shore

kyaʕcínm   Morph: k+yaʕcín+m. to land on shore.

5   hard up, shy.

yaʕ   Morph: yaʕ. backward, shy.

yaʕʕ   Morph: yaʕ•ʕ. to be or get afraid.

yaʕmín   Morph: yaʕ+mín. to be bashful about s.t.; to be fearful or afraid of s.t.

yaʕʕmín   Morph: yaʕ•ʕ+mín. to make s.o. afraid.

yaʕyaʕmíst   Morph: yaʕ•yaʕ+míst. to make oneself pitiful, shy.

yaʕpcín, yaʕ̓pcín   Morph: yaʕ+pcín. to be hard up; to be scared; to be in need; to be in trouble. Sp yaʕ apprehensive, afraid; hec-yaʕ̓-pcín they’re poor people; yaʕmín I was a bit afraid of him; Cm y̓aʕ̓‑p-cin be in need, without; Cr yaʕ hesitant, shy, timid; díʔ+deʔ+t demure; yaʕ̓+t+mí-nt-s needed, required.

syaʕpcín   Morph: s+yaʕ+pcín. hardship; trouble.

syaʕ̓pcín   Morph: s+yaʕ̓+pcín. a need. Sp yaʔpcín m he lacks something, he lacks food;yaʔ-pcín-m he lacks something; he lacks food; hec-yaʕ̓-pcíʔn they're poor people, they lack everything; Cm y̓aʕ̓pcín be in need, without; Cr yaʕ hesitant, shy, timid ... yaʕ̓+t+mí-nt-s ... he needed/required it.

yaʕpcínm   Morph: yaʕ+pcín+m. to be in need of s.t. or s.o.

yaʕpcnú   to end up in need of s.t.; to end up in difficulty; to end up hard up.

ɬcyaʕ̓míst   Morph: ɬ+c+yaʕ̓+míst. to be backward about s.t.

k̓ɬyaʕ̓míst   Morph: k̓ɬ+yaʕ̓+míst. to be hindered, hard up.

nayaʕpcín   Morph: na+yaʕ+pcín. to be hard up.

nyaʕ̓pncút   Morph: n+yaʕ̓+p+ncút. to be stuck; to be dead.

nyaʕpcnlúp   Morph: n+yaʕ+pcnlúp. to need a place to stay.

nyaʕyaʕsc̓ím   Morph: n+yaʕ•yaʕ+s+c̓ím. tired bones.

6   spear.

nyaʕ, nyaʕ̓   Morph: n+yaʕ. a spear. Sh xyeʕ lance (6-8 feet long).

7   ?

kyaʕm   Morph: k+yaʕ+m ? to crawl in bed with s.o.

ʔawskyáʕm   Morph: ʔaw+s+k+yáʕm. to go crawl in bed with s.o.

8   syáʕyaʕ (a bird).

syáʕyaʕ   Morph: s+yáʕ•yaʕ. syáʕyaʕ (unidentified bird).

haɬsyáʕyaʕ   Morph: haɬs+yáʕ•yaʕ. a group of birds.

9   yʕ in place names.

yaʕqnísxn̓   Morph: yaʕqnísxn̓. yaʕqnísxn̓ (place name). Lit: trail along the top of the rock

yaʕ̓túsaʔ   Morph: yaʕ̓+túsaʔ. yaʕ̓túsaʔ (place name). Lit: trail along the rim

ky̓ancútn   Morph: k+y̓a+ncút+n ? ky̓ancútn (place name). Lit: keep-things-to-oneself place (RB)

snyaʕ̓pxmíltn   Morph: sn+yaʕ̓+p+xmílt+n ? snyaʕ̓pxmíltn (place name).

10   unload.

yaʕ̓kín   Morph: yaʕ̓kín. to unload.

yʕc̓   solid, tough.

yaʕc̓   Morph: yaʕc̓. to be solid, tough.

nyc̓yáʕc̓ysm   Morph: n+yc̓•yáʕc̓ys+m. to clench one's teeth. Sp yac̓ tight; Cr yec̓, u yc̓+óp tightened (it suddenly became...) [the o of the lexical suffix confirms an earlier pharyngeal]; Th √zúc̓ tight / snug.

yʕs   yaʕsálqʷ (man's name).

yaʕsálqʷ   Morph: yaʕsálqʷ. yaʕsálqʷ (man's name).

yʕt   nyaʕtínk (man's name).

nyaʕtínk   Morph: n+yaʕtínk. nyaʕtínk (man's name).

yʕt̓   creak.

yaʕt̓   Morph: yaʕt̓. creaking or squeaking (e.g. of trees in the wind, or a gate).

yt̓ncaʕt   Morph: yt̓+ncaʕt. creaking or squeaking.

nyt̓yaʕt̓ísm   Morph: n+yt̓•yaʕt̓ís+m. to grind one's teeth. Sp √yet̓ to stir; Cr yit̓ stir (as mush); Sh yt̓-em to rub, scrub; Th √zəƛ̓ scour /scrub; Li zə́ƛ̓-ən to rub s.t. on a washboard.

yʕ̓   always.

nyʕ̓ip, niʕ̓íp   Morph: n+yʕ̓ip. always; forever; continuously; still.

nyʕ̓ipm   Morph: n+yʕ̓ip+m. to make s.t. final.

nyʕ̓ipmst   Morph: n+yʕ̓ip+m+st. to finish s.o. or s.t. permanently; to do s.o. in.

nyʕ̓pncut   Morph: n+yʕ̓+p+ncut. to be in a permanent state. Sp n-yiʕ-áp always, forever, still, yet; Cm niʕ̓áp always; Cr lut+hay̓p+s+hóy+oy+s continual, continuous, eternal, incessant; see also e+n+yémep eternity, forever.

yʕ̓s   settle.

nyaʕ̓sús   Morph: n+yaʕ̓sus ? s.t. has settled.

yʕʷ1   strong. Category: CCC reduplication.

ywyaʕʷt   Morph: yw•yaʕʷ+t. to be strong; to be demanding.

ywyʕʷakst   Morph: yw•yʕʷakst. a strong hand.

ywyʕʷikst   Morph: yw•yʕʷikst. strong hand(s).

yʕʷyʕʷink   Morph: yʕʷ•yʕʷink. a strong bow.

yawpyáʕʷt   Morph: yaw+p+yáʕʷ+t. to be powerful, strong.

yaʕʷpyáwt   Morph: yaʕʷ+p+yáw+t. to be strong or powerful.

yaʕʷʕʷpyáwt   Morph: yaʕʷʕʷpyáwt. several strong, powerful.

syaʕʷpyáwt   Morph: s+yaʕʷ+p+yáw+t. one's strength or power.

kywínaʔ   Morph: k+ywínaʔ. to listen well; to pay attention; to have good hearing.

kywywínaʔ   Morph: k+yw•ywínaʔ. strong hearing.

kywyʕʷink   Morph: k+yw•yʕʷink. a strong bow.

kywusm   Morph: k+ywus+m. to watch for s.t.

kywywus   Morph: k+yw•ywus. to have good eyesight.

kywywusm   Morph: k+yw•ywus+m. to watch attentively.

nyʕ̓ʷlscut   Morph: n+yʕ̓ʷlscut. to control one's temper.

snyaʕʷt   Morph: s+n+yaʕʷ+t. strength.

kɬyaʕʷtm   Morph: kɬ+yaʕʷ+t+m. to best s.o.

misywyáʕʷt, mysywyaʕʷt   Morph: my+s+yw•yaʕʷ+t. stronger. Sp √yoʔ (yo yuʔ yu) strong; yoʔpy̓éw̓t he's able bodied, he's capable; n-yawls he’s strong headed; Cm yʕ̓ʷ‑yʕ̓ʷ‑t be hard, difficult; yaʕ̓‑p‑y–awt be well endowed, powerful, psychic; Cr yeʕʷpiy̓ígʷ+t able, capable, dependable, virtuous; Cr √yʕgʷ able, capable...; yeʕʷpiy̓ígʷ+t able, capable, dependable, virtuous; Sh yʕʷ-yuʕʷ-t intense, hard (work), violent (disease); yʕʷ-ilx to exert oneself, do one’s outmost; Th √zu(w), √zəw strong.

yʕʷ2   stiff.

nyʕʷyʕʷus   Morph: n+yʕʷ•yʕʷus. a stiff neck.

yʕʷ3   salvia.

ywyʕʷaɬqʷ, yuyuʕʷáɬqʷ   Morph: yw•yʕʷaɬqʷ. salvia.

1   chant.

yáyaʔ   Morph: yá•yaʔ. chant.

2   saskatoon, serviceberry.

síyaʔ   Morph: s+íyaʔ. saskatoon berry, serviceberry.

syíyaʔ   Morph: s+yí•yaʔ. saskatoon berry, serviceberry.

siyʔáɬq   Morph: s+yʔáɬq. Saskatoon bushes.

sy̓iɬp   Morph: s+yʔíɬp. saskatoon, or serviceberry.

syʔiɬp   Morph: s+yʔiɬp. saskatoon bushes, service berry bushes.

ksíyaʔtn   Morph: k+s+íyaʔ+tn. the month of síyaʔ (saskatoons); June.

smaʔsíyaʔ   Morph: smaʔ+s+íyaʔ. raisins (vitis vinifera). Lit: white man's serviceberry

x̌w̓aw̓ t síyaʔ   Morph: x̌w̓•aw̓ t s+íyaʔ. raisins. Sp √yeʔ, s-yéyeʔ sarvisberry, June berry; Cm s‑yá‑yaʔ serviceberry.